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Neuroscience Introduction

Updated on December 7, 2017
neuron synapse
neuron synapse | Source
The Black Swan
The Black Swan
What other 'profession' prescribes medication without any physical testing?
What other 'profession' prescribes medication without any physical testing?
Ted Bundy was executed in the electric chair January 24, 1989 in Starke, Florida.
Ted Bundy was executed in the electric chair January 24, 1989 in Starke, Florida.
Living in an insane world
Living in an insane world
serotonin specific re-uptake inhibitors
serotonin specific re-uptake inhibitors | Source

Jim Kakalios said, "Neuroscience is where physics was before quantum mechanics."

How do synapses in your brain generate thoughts and ideas? How do we process information from the world around us? Is our behavior a learned adaptation from memories?

Neuroscience is the study of how the brain works and is not behavioral science or psychology. Science is forming a theory and doing experiments to prove it false. Also called the 'Black Swan' method where all it take is a single black swan to refute the theory that all swans are white.

Behavioral science is a pseudoscience. Psychology does not adhere to a valid scientific method of refutations of a theory. Psychology is the application of statistics for use in many endeavors such as in criminology or marketing but has no basic theory.

A good example of this was demonstrated in the 2008 movie, 'The Capture of the Green River Killer' where Ted Bundy advised to look beyond the FBI profile. "Towards the end of his trial he began to cooperate with the authorities by giving invaluable insights into the psychology of serial killers. He tried to help in the capture of the Green River Killer."[1]

Retired FBI profiler Mary E. O’Toole who co-wrote the book, 'Dangerous Instincts: How Gut Instincts Betray Us', who said that gut instincts can put us in dangerous situations by trusting somebody that should not be trusted. Bundy said that the Green River Killer was trusted by his victims because he did not fit the profile.

A case of the little brain taking over the big brain?

There are about 100 million neurons in your gut - the same size as a cat's brain that controls you appetite. This brain cannot speak but perhaps it influences decisions other than eating that we may not aware of. Sociopathic serial killers know how to tap into this and marketers try to by selling an idea and not a product. Think of those commercials where you have no idea what they are trying to sell.

That would be a failure on the commercial or you are not the targeted demographic.

There is no bright line dividing neuroscience and psychology branches that conduct scientific research. But manipulation of people's thinking via psychotropic drugs prescribed by psychiatrists without any diagnostics of chemical imbalances such as SSRIs is basically shooting in the dark with a shotgun.

I should know, because I am a human guinea pig that was prescribed SSRI's and although they all work on the same principle of being selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors - it's a crap shoot as to what the result would be for each individual person. There is no blanket response to measure as it would be in other prescriptions such as blood pressure or sugar levels. "The diagnosis of a mental illness is based on a checklist of criteria or an evaluation that is done through a series of pen/paper/computer and interview assessments often known as “neuro-psychological evaluations”..."[2] Notice the source's quotation marks within the quote indicating that the term is considered a falsehood by the author.

Stigmatizing criminals as insane that can be 'fixed' with psychotropic drugs is a fallacy because, "most violence is not caused by a major psychiatric condition like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression. Psychiatric disorder accounts for only about 4% of violent behavior"[3] Perhaps the author Swanson was thinking only in terms of one on one violence because there is a higher percentage of psychopaths in leadership positions than there are in the general public and ruthless capitalists don't ruin lives and families, they ruin companies or countries.

Surprisingly, sociopathy and psychopathy are considered to be an antisocial personality and not legally insane in a court of law. "Psychopathy is a mental disorder marked by affective, interpersonal, and behavioral abnormalities."[4] but if live in an insane world, wouldn't a sane person be considered abnormal?

Neuroscience is the scientific research of physical properties such as dysfunctional microRNA biomarkers as indicators of neurological disorders, a topic that the Batman shooter James Holmes gave a presentation about. "Neural Mirna are known to be involved at various stages of synaptic development, including: dendritogenesis, synapse formation and synapse maturation."[5] Continuing research into this is working towards a blood test for TBI, Traumatic Brain Injury.


James Holmes was among elite in neuroscience before Aurora theater massacre

Graduate School Neuroscience Program overview

James Holmes spent year with neuroscientists before shooting

[1] Biography for Ted Bundy

When Our Instincts Betray Us: How To Make Better Decisions

The second brain in our stomachs

Is Psychology a science?

[2] Common Diagnosis, Medications & Side Effects for Combat & War Trauma

Quotation Marks (double, single)

[3] Looking into the minds of killers

[4] Psychopathy

[5] microRNAs as Biomarkers of Plasma

Health Medicine Medical Specialties Neurology


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  • MartintheWarrior profile image

    Martin Bammes 2 years ago from Salt Lake City

    That was a great article. I just started writing articles on this site, and I gravitated toward your's because my current project is neurofeedback for veterans with PTSD. Thank you for writing fantastic articles so amateurs like me have something to format from.

  • ptosis profile image

    ptosis 5 years ago from Arizona

    Thank you Ruby Rose!

  • Ruby H Rose profile image

    Maree Michael Martin 5 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island

    Our brains are so amazing, thanks for a wonderful hub on neuroscience. Quite fascinating, how magnificent our bodies are.

  • ptosis profile image

    ptosis 5 years ago from Arizona

    Thanks for commenting Nell Rose. Didn't know about the neurons in the heart.

  • ptosis profile image

    ptosis 5 years ago from Arizona

    kristyleann - had the same problem - would quit working after a year and a half but now after a decade of fiddling I got it down to my formula that keeps working.

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

    Funnily enough there are also neurons in the heart, I remember watching it on a tv program about the brain etc, yes psychology is a hit and miss subject, even my tutor told me that much to my amazement! the brain is an amazing thing, something we are learning more and more about each day, and hopefully one of these days can help people with brain damage like my friends son who I mentioned in my comments, interesting to see the connection between this field and James Holmes, I am still watching to see any new news on the subject, interesting hub, voted up! cheers nell

  • kristyleann profile image

    Kristy LeAnn 5 years ago from Princeton, WV

    This is pretty interesting. As someone with bipolar disorder (type 2) I'm always reading about psychiatric drugs and how they are supposed to work. I've taken antidepressants and mood stabilizers before. The only antidepressant I can take without any bad side effects is Wellbutrin. I've tried just about all the other ones on the market and they have horrible side effects and they don't work for me at all. But other people can take them and do great.

    My meds always stop working after about a year and so I'm in the process of trying to find another set of meds that will help me. My doctor thinks we should try a mood stabilizer and anti-psychotic. She said they used to think bipolar was a "switch" so to speak between depression and mania but she said the newer thinking is that bipolar people are actually manic all the time, but it wears the mind/body out and that is what actually causes the depression. She said antidepressants work well at first because you feel great but what you're really doing is making yourself even more manic, and that is why they don't work long term. I don't know if she is right, but it's fascinating how the medical field is always changing as we learn more about our bodies.