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Nutritional Requirements of a Woman during Pregnancy

Updated on April 23, 2013

During pregnancy, nutritional requirements of a woman mostly depend on the nutritional status of the fetus. A woman with good dieting habits has a good reservoir of various nutrients for baby. In such a case, only 15 mg of proteins, and 150 extra calories are sufficient for the mother-to-be. Otherwise a large quantity of different nutrients should be taken by women to ensure the health of the fetus. Try to get help from a daily diet guide in order to meet the additional nutritional requirements during pregnancy. Women, who do not have eaten well before getting pregnant, need to eat a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits.

Every day, two servings of each group of protein are required during pregnancy. For proteins with high nutritional values, you can use poultry, milk, fish and eggs. You should also take some fresh vegetables and fruits, at-least one time daily. You should add the use of vegetables and fruits in your daily diet. You can take coconut water as well; it is also rich in nutrients. Intake of protein is necessary as it helps in building up the prenatal tissues.

Many women suffer from iron deficiency, which can be covered by using iron supplements. Spinach, meat, and apple can also be used to meet the requirements of iron.

If you have gained enough weight during pregnancy, it indicates that you have eaten well. In the first trimester, a pregnant woman should gain weight of at-least 1 or 1½ kg, and afterwards, the weight gain should be around 450g each week. If you put 10 to 12 kg weight on during pregnancy, it is normal. If you think that you have gained weight abnormally, you should consult your doctor, as it should be because of water retention surplus.

Most of the women suffer from appetite loss and morning sickness in the initial stages of pregnancy. You can also feel the same during the last days of your pregnancy. To keep comfortable with the large uterus, try to take small meals in short intervals. You should also try to increase liquid intake, as it helps in easy elimination of excretory products. To avoid constipation, take fibers in your diet. Eating steady and regular small meals help in proper weight gain, and digestion. Fried snacks, like French fries, fatty foods, excessive spices, and too much coffee are not recommended for you. For further assistance, take advice of your doctor.

After delivery, when you start nursing your baby, your nutritional requirements increase. While nursing, extra amount of minerals, calories, proteins and vitamins are required by your body. What you eat will be added in your milk, and the nutritional requirements of your baby will be fulfilled by it. During nursing your baby, you must ensure intake of healthy food and lots of fluids.


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