ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Osteoporosis and Stress: Causes and Treatment

Updated on October 27, 2017

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis, which means "porous bones," is a progressive disease characterized by the gradual loss of the normal density of bone.

This condition causes bones to become porous, which in turn becomes weak and brittle increasing the risk of fractures.

In many cases, bones weaken when you have low levels of calcium and other minerals in your bones.

Bones are made up of protein, collagen and calcium which help to keep them strong and healthy. As you get older, bone formation shifts and bone strength is gradually lost. When there are low levels of calcium, phosphorous and other minerals, bones weaken and osteoporosis develops.

Bone is at it strongest when a person is around age thirty, and thereafter begins to decline. In women, this decline begins to accelerate at menopause. Osteoporosis tends to strike after the age of 50 years.

The decline in bone density that occurs with aging, known as osteoporosis, is responsible for 1.3 million bone fractures per year. One-third of women older than 65 get spinal fractures and 15 percent fracture their hips.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Scientists don't yet know exactly why osteoporosis occurs, but they do know that the normal bone remodeling process is disrupted.

Bone is constantly restoring it self.

Cells called osteoblasts are responsible for making bone, and other cells called osteoclasts, are needed to remove old bone as its minerals are absorbed for use elsewhere in the body.

This process is called remodeling or bone turnover. If the osteoclasts break down the bone more quickly then it is replaced, the bone tends to become less dense and is therefore likely to break more easily.

There are many factors that contribute to bone loss and these include:

  • Decreased estrogen production during menopause
  • Bones weaken in both male and females after the age of 50 years
  • Caucasians and South-East Asians are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis
  • Family history of bone fractures and osteoporosis
  • Smoking and excessive intake of alcohol
  • Health conditions such as gastrointestinal disorders
  • Lack of exercise
  • Decreased intake of calcium
  • Excessive intake of soda. Carbonated soft drinks contain a high amount of phosphates. These cause the body to eliminate calcium as the phosphates themselves, even if the calcium must be taken from the bones to do this.
  • Stress and elevated stress hormone cortisol levels.

Stress and Osteoporosis


Elevated cortisol levels resulting from chronic stress have been associated with many diseases. Among other conditions elevated cortisol levels decreases bone density.

The relationship between elevated cortisol levels (chronic stress) and accelerated bone loss of one has been demonstrated in numerous situations, including cases of people with Cushing’s syndrome (where elevated cortisol levels results in severe osteoporosis and arthritis) and anorexia nervosa (where elevated cortisol levels leads to bone and muscle loss).

Studies such as these have also determined that curing the diseases, and thereby removing the source of excess cortisol production (stress), also restore cartilage, bone and muscle tissues.

Experimental studies show that cortisol has bee shown to inhibit the activity of bone building cells - osteoblasts.

Treatment of Osteoporosis | Calcium

In order to protect and strengthen bones and muscles, it is essential have an adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D.

Healthy eating for osteoporosis is crucial. Include calcium rich products into your healthy eating plan:

  • dairy products,
  • dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, dandelion greens,
  • dried fruit (apricots or figs),
  • fish such as mackerel, salmon or sardines,
  • soy products and tofu
  • oats
  • sesame seeds, almonds.

In order to fight osteoporosis the elevated use of calcium is highly advisable.

However, upon getting into the body, calcium primarily deposits inside the vessels, which causes serious cardiovascular disorders.


Treatment of Osteoporosis | Soy products

If you are a menopausal r postmenopausal woman with osteoporosis, include plenty of soy products in your diet. Soy is rich in phytoestrogens which may substitute for your own estrogen, if it is manufacturing too little. Estrogen depletion is strongly associated with osteoporosis.

Treatment of Osteoporosis | Best Excersise for Osteoporosis

Exercise regularly and keep active.

A lack of exercise can result in the loss of calcium, but this can be reversed with sensible exercise.

Combine strength training exercises with weight-bearing exercises.

Strength training helps strengthen muscles and bones in your arms and upper spine, and weight-bearing exercises — such as walking, jogging, running, stair climbing, skipping rope, skiing — mainly affect the bones in your legs, hips and lower spine.

Include those activities into your exercise regime to support healthy bones.

Treatment of Osteoporosis | Stress Management

Learning to prevent stress and manage stress will keep your stress hormone cortisol levels normal. (Create your stress management plan for free)

Practicing relaxation techniques such as qigong and biofeedback may also be useful in improving the symptoms of osteoporosis, while also providing great ways to de-stress.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Geri 

      3 years ago

      Your posting is aboulstely on the point!

    • profile image

      Ivalene 

      3 years ago

      I guess finding useful, reliable intoomafirn on the internet isn't hopeless after all.

    • Inese profile imageAUTHOR

      Inese 

      8 years ago from Rome, Italy

      holmesjenn @ I am glad you find the info useful. I enjoy sharing my knowledge and making it handy to other ladies who probably have no time to read all health, stress ad longevity related info out there on the Internet.

    • holmesjenn profile image

      holmesjenn 

      8 years ago from Colorado

      Well written hub with lots of information. Thank you. We all need more Ca then we get and this gives different forms to get it in. Great job.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)