ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Otto Warburg Nobel Prize Winner Proves Oxygen Therapy Knocks Out Most Diseases And Cancers

Updated on March 22, 2016
"There are many roads to Rome"
"There are many roads to Rome" | Source

Oxygen The Giver Of Life And Death

As I'm writing this article, I am thinking back to more than ten years ago when I was first diagnosed with epiglottic head and neck cancer. If I had known then what I know now, I would not have had to suffer the debilitating effects of simultaneously infusing chemotherapy drugs with high-level radiation treatments. I am thankful for the doctors and medical staff that treated me, as they only could give me what they knew and understood to be the best treatment at the time. Today, there is a better way to treat all cancers; oxygen therapy increases our chances for a better outcome, whether used as an adjunct therapy or possibly a primary protocol.

There is not a single pathogenic human disease-causing organism that can resist the destructive power of oxygen.
There is not a single pathogenic human disease-causing organism that can resist the destructive power of oxygen.

Oxygen In Conjunction With Balanced Oxidation Destroys All Obligatory Anaerobic Organisms

Everyone knows we need oxygen, each of us breathes around 3000 gallons of it every day. There are many things we can do without, but we can’t go mere moments without breathing oxygen. We can go without food for about 40 days, without water for about seven days, but how long can we go without life-giving oxygen?

We also know, oxygen brings us health and life, by wielding a sword of death, so powerful, there is not a single pathogenic human disease-causing organism able to resist its destructive power. Oxygen is toxic to ALL obligatory anaerobic organisms. One of those obligatory anaerobic organisms you may be familiar with is cancer.

Definition of; OBLIGATORY ANAEROBIC ORGANISM - "A facultative anaerobe is an organism that makes ATP by aerobic respiration if oxygen is present but is capable of switching to fermentation or anaerobic respiration if oxygen is absent. An obligate aerobe, by contrast, cannot make ATP in the absence of oxygen, and obligate anaerobes die in the presence of oxygen.

Oxidation in the human body is a two edged sword. On one hand it provides us with the energy we need to live and on the other hand it can contribute to disease and sickness, when left unchecked.
Oxidation in the human body is a two edged sword. On one hand it provides us with the energy we need to live and on the other hand it can contribute to disease and sickness, when left unchecked. | Source
The oxidation process creates free radicals.
The oxidation process creates free radicals. | Source

High Levels Of Oxygen And Managed Oxidative Stress Are Necessary To Support Life.

The problem with the oxidative process is that certain types of altered oxygen molecules called "Free Radicals" which are ever-present in our bodies. The major problem with the free radicals is they are highly reactive and unstable. As they react in our bodies body, they cause damage to our cells and even our DNA, causing degeneration and playing a part in almost all of our diseases.

Uncontrolled oxidation of cells by free radicals makes the human body "rust" like oxidation of metal makes it rust - and you know what rust does to the strength and natural beauty of the metal. We call this oxidative stress. Our bodies need the help of "antioxidants" to neutralize the oxidation properties of those invading free radicals

To get oxygen that is pure and burns clean means we need to keep our bodies hydrated with water and the best water comes from fresh fruits and vegetables that contain naturally structured distilled water. So, now we can increase the amount of pure oxygen and decrease oxidative stress, just by eating the right combinations of foods, filled with water and oxygen.

When oxygen levels are increased, red blood cells pick up the extra oxygen, and provide it to our body tissues,systems and organs.
When oxygen levels are increased, red blood cells pick up the extra oxygen, and provide it to our body tissues,systems and organs. | Source

Oxygen... Affects Every Bodily Process

When we take a breath, oxygen is absorbed by the lungs and transferred to the bloodstream, then is transported to the cells where an elaborated change process takes place. The nutrient compounds, inside of our cells, are oxidized "burned" creating energy and heat for our bodies, through complex enzymatic processes.

The oxidation process in itself is necessary as it has to take place for our cells to get the nourishment they need to support life. Even the byproducts made up of carbon dioxide and water (Exhaled air has a relative humidity of 100%) play a part in preserving our health as they are eliminated through our lungs.

Plants, algae and bacteria's take sunlight and combine carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). and create glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen gas (O2). When measured by mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe.
Plants, algae and bacteria's take sunlight and combine carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). and create glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen gas (O2). When measured by mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe. | Source

Oxygen... It's Bigger Than You Think

Oxygen constitutes most of the mass of living organisms because water is their major constituent. Humans are made up of, about two-thirds water. Every organ, bone and molecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats, contain water and oxygen. The air we breathe is a contains oxygen derived from phytoplankton, cyanobacteria, algae, and plants; they produce elemental oxygen, used in cellular respiration for all complex life forms.

With humans, being the most complex lifeforms on the planet, there is not a bodily function that does not require oxygen. Our cells operate by burning glucose and oxygen. This process, when working at peak levels provide our bodies with the energy we need to live without diseases or sickness.

When there is, what Dr. Ann Wigmore termed a deficiency at the cellular level, the waste products carbon dioxide & water are not able to move out of the cell. When this happens it sets the stage for insufficient oxygen at the cellular level, this aerobic respiration turns into anaerobic fermentation and carbon monoxide and lactic acid will be formed. The body can not easily rid itself of monoxide as it prevents the hemoglobin from picking up fresh oxygen in the lungs. At this point, we usually begin to see lactic acid building up, causing degeneration of the cells. As these dead and dying cells move through the body, the blood and lymph systems have to deal with carrying a heavy load of sludge, these systems become more and more toxic. Eventually, toxins will overwhelm the bodies systems, and sickness and disease will result in hypoxia or oxygen starvation.

The World Health Organization reported that in 2012 around 7 million people died - one in eight of total global deaths... as a result of air pollution.
The World Health Organization reported that in 2012 around 7 million people died - one in eight of total global deaths... as a result of air pollution. | Source

How Many Electrons Does A Free Radical Steal?

See results

It's Not The Same Air Our Grandfathers Breathed

As humans, we get oxygen in various ways, the primary source being the air we breathe. The problem is, the air we breathe today is not the same air our ancestor’s breathed. In fact the World Health Organization estimates 2 million people will die, this year from air pollution.

For sure there is less oxygen on earth than there was when your grandfather was born, but even with less oxygen, there is still plenty to lasts earth’s population for another million years. So, the problem is not that were not getting enough atmospheric oxygen; in fact there is substantial evidence, that the real issue is the increased use of fossil fuel burning.

When you add in the rising levels of toxic chemicals in our air, you can quickly understand what is causing untold oxidative stress and immune system dysfunctions and a bevy or other diseases.

Here in the USA, we are closing in on almost 50 years of Clean Air Act programs, and though they have brought some improvements to our air quality, the program have still fallen short.

This year, here in America, nearly 180 million people will continue to live in areas where the air pollution is considered dangerous. With 6 out of 10 American's having to breathe air that causes disease and illnesses, it's no wonder this generation has more health challenges than any in recorded history.

Take a minute and check out Tox Town, its a great site with excellent graphics This site helps you to understand better how toxins are affecting the air quality, where you live.

The World Health Organization estimates 2 million people a year die from air pollution.

Top 10 Gases In The Polluted Air We Breathe In The 21st Century

GAS
Sources
Effects
Carbon Dioxide
A greenhouse gas released by engines and power plants.
Dizziness, disorientation, asthma, suffocation, and under certain circumstances, death.
Carbon Monoxide
Primarly released from car exhausts, and fuel burning appliances found in our homes.
Headaches, fatigue, nausea, dizzy spells, confusion, irritability and death.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Primary ozone destroyer. Mainly comes from refrigerants, aerosols, metal degreasers, fire extinguishers and dry cleaning solvent.
Light­headedness, headaches, tremors, convulsions and death.
Lead & Heavy Metals
Industry especially those with smoke stacks.
Nausea and vomiting, decrease red and white blood cells, abnormal heart rhythm, damage to blood vessels and death.
Nitrogen Oxides
Primarily released from cars, power plants and cigarettes.
Head ache, difficult breathing, throat spasms,fluid in the lungs and death.
Ozone Trioxygen
Forms when sunlight heats up a cocktail of gases and air pollutants creating smog.
Impedes the immune system and respiratory system. Aggravates asthma and heart disease. Causes a build-up of fluid in the lungs, causing difficulty breathing and death.
Particulates
Automobiles and heavy industry.
Headaches, fatigue, Dizziness, confusion and irritability/
Sulfur Dioxide
Burning of coal and oil at electric power plants.
ritate the nose, throat, and lungs, and cause coughing and shortness of breath. Short-term exposure to Watery eyes, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, convulsions, dizziness and death.
Unburned Hydrocarbons
Vehicle Exhaust
Impedes the immune system and respiratory system and difficulty breathing.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs
Solvents, paints, waxes, and varnishes.
Damages liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Short-term exposure: eye and respiratory tract irritation, headaches, dizziness, visual disorders, fatigue, loss of coordination, allergic skin reactions, nausea, memory impairment and death.
Each year, more than 2 million people die prematurely because of pollutied air.
But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar. Otto Warburg
But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar. Otto Warburg

Warburg Proves Oxygen Destroys Cancer Cells

Otto Warburg, a German biochemist, won a Nobel Prize in 1931 for medicine and physiology for his study that revealed, cancer cells cannot exist in the presence of oxygen.

Cancer, above all other diseases, has countless secondary causes. But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar."

Warburg's research shows the fundamental difference between normal and cancerous cells to be the ratio of glycolysis to respiration. Warburg's finding run contrary to the commonly held uncontrolled growth theory. Later, he summarized this hypothesis in a book entitled The Prime Cause and Prevention of Cancer, which he presented in lecture, at the meeting of the Nobel-Laureates on June 30, 1966. In this speech, Warburg presented evidence proving anaerobiosis to be a primary cause of cancerous cells.

One of the main ways of increasing cellular oxygen is to use chlorophyll. Chlorophyll stimulates the production of red blood cells in hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the cells. Chlorophyll often returns red blood cell counts to normal within four to five days, thus enabling our cell to carry clean burning oxygen to our cells.

In recent years, Warburg's hypothesis regained significant attention amongst scientists due to several discoveries linking impaired mitochondrial function as well as impaired respiration to growth, division, and expansion of cancer cells.

How Many Gallons Of Oxygen Do You Breathe A Day?

See results

Chlorophyll The Great Oxygenator

One of the best things we can do for our bodies is to eat foods rich in Chlorophyll (found in all green foods like dark leafy greens). It's a rich oxygenator, releases carbon dioxide from our blood, gets rid of impurities, lowers oxidative stress and is referred to by many, as a “blood builder”.

Research studies in humans have found that oxygen levels can be increased, and damage to DNA by aflatoxins decreased, by as much as 55%, through eating a half a cup of green chlorophyll-rich foods, three times a day, for four months.

Wheat grass juice, dark leafy greens, and vegetables contain liquid oxygen, which is vital to all our bodies systems and processes.
Wheat grass juice, dark leafy greens, and vegetables contain liquid oxygen, which is vital to all our bodies systems and processes. | Source

Chlorophyll Affects Every Bodily Function

The enzymes, amino acids in chlorophyll contain antibacterial compounds that are especially good at destroying anaerobic bacteria that thrive in oxygen-poor blood and tissue. Anaerobic bacteria, which cannot live in the presence of oxygen-producing agents, can cause infections, inflammations, ulcers, and purifications. Chlorophyll helps to protect against these and other carcinogens. It acts to strengthen the cells, detoxify the liver and bloodstream and chemically neutralize polluting elements in the environment.

Chlorophyll increases the function of the heart and affects the vascular system, the intestines, the uterus, and lungs. It helps in the stimulation and regeneration of the liver — the main organ of detoxification in the body.

Nobel Prize winner Dr. Hans Fischer has shown, chlorophyll has a chemical structure that is quite similar to the chemical structure found in our red blood cells. The only difference is our blood cells contains an atom of iron at their center and plants, contain an atom of magnesium at the center.

Only A Single Molecule Of Difference, Between Plant Blood And Human Blood.
Only A Single Molecule Of Difference, Between Plant Blood And Human Blood. | Source

Chlorophyll Is Remarkably Similar To Blood

Although research is still in the early stage, prevention and treatment of liver cancer, skin cancer, and colon cancer are all being investigated in relationship to the intake of chlorophyll-containing vegetables.

Scientists have known about the deodorizing properties of chlorophyll for some time. It is for this reason that some drugs, chewing gum, breath fresheners and antiseptics contain chlorophyll.

Wheat grass juice, dark leafy greens, and vegetables contain this green liquid oxygen, which is vital to all our bodies systems and processes. It stimulates digestion, clearer thinking (the brain uses 25% of the bodily oxygen supply) and promotes better blood circulation.

Nobel Prize winner Dr. Hans Fischer while doing research on red blood cells, discovered that chlorophyll is remarkably similar to human blood on the molecular level.

Chlorophyll is rapidly assimilated into the bodies systems when we eat green foods. It has been theorized this happens because of its resemblance to hemoglobin. It enters the red blood cells and works to heal tissues, purify the liver, balance blood sugar and flush out toxins.

"A living Body Requires Living Foods"
"A living Body Requires Living Foods" | Source

Over Cooking Foods Destroys The Chlorophyll & Oxygen Structure

PLEASE NOTE: It's important to eat as much of your green foods in their raw state as is reasonably possible. You can increase your intake of greens, by adding in green smoothies on a daily basis. Eating our green foods in a raw state preserves the chlorophyll.

When green vegetables are cooked or exposed to acid, the magnesium gets removed and is replaced by an atom of hydrogen. With this one simple change, the color of the vegetable changes from bright green to olive-gray and loses its chlorophyll advantage.

When we cook our greens, there is a dramatic loss of chlorophyll. In studies on green vegetables, such as broccoli, for example, about 2/3 of the chlorophyll was removed after 20 minutes of boiling.

Researchers have also determined when increasing the boiling time of broccoli there is a simultaneous loss of chlorophyll, starting at five minutes. However, at cooking times of less than five minutes, suggest that green leafy vegetables like spinach increases the amount of chlorophyll that is assimilated by the body into our body.

Did You Learn Anything New?

See results

I want to leave you with one thing you can do right now to increase your oxygen levels in mere seconds. Take a deep breath and say thank you, thank you, thank you.

Robert Morgan is a Holistic Practioner and Counselor

Medical Disclaimer

Any medicinal references mentioned here are strictly for educational purposes based on my research through study, empirical evidence, personal use and herbal lore but not intended as medical advice of any kind. Herbs can be helpful allies in creating and maintaining good health, but they can also be powerful medications that should be treated with respect. Used improperly, they can cause adverse reactions or interfere with pharmaceuticals.

This website contains general information about medical conditions and treatments. The information is not advice, and should not be treated as such. It is for educational and entertainment purposes only.

The medical information on this website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, express or implied. Robert Morgan nor Sue Meisheri makes no representations or warranties in relation to the medical information on this website.

Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing paragraph, Robert Morgan or Sue Meisheri does not warrant that the medical information on this website will be constantly available, or available at all; or the medical information on this website is complete, true, accurate, up-to-date, or non-misleading.

You must not rely on the information on this website as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. If you have any specific questions about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.

If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 21 months ago from Oklahoma

      You say we all recognize the importance of oxygen, but I contend some of our Titans of industry do not.

      Great hub! Very educational.

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 21 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Thanks, Larry, I have to agree with you. It seems like the captains of industry could really care less about the air we have to breathe. Maybe they spend most of their time out on their yachts in the middle of the ocean. Have a great day.

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 21 months ago from southern USA

      Hi Bobby,

      What an eye-opener of an article here! It is frightful to think about but I am glad you shared how to increase oxygen in our blood. I love spinach and we steamed it last night for not long, so do you think it was still good?

      I can certainly believe that about the sugar fermentation, as it makes a lot of sense causing cancer.

      Thank you for sharing all of this useful information here.

      God bless you.

      Up +++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 21 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Hello, Faith, So good of you to stop by. I appreciate your insights. As for eating your spinach cooked, that works out pretty well as Spinach is loaded with iron, and it's most easily released by cooking. With your history of anemia its probably a god idea for you to get plenty of cooked spinach. Also, consider adding in some blackstrap molasses in your smoothies. Try to eat 4-5 cups of raw greens and veggies a day and you are going to be getting plenty of nutrients including essential oxygen. Take a look at this site you will be surprised how much oxygen is just in a cup of water. Blessings, Bobby Yhttp://chemistry.stackexchange.com/questions/15877...

    • brakel2 profile image

      Audrey Selig 21 months ago from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

      Hi Bobby - It is so great to see this article, and I feel badly that my green raw spinach is not what it used to be for certain reasons. If you put it in a smoothie, is it just as good? I know I need more oxygen and to get rid of carbon dioxide, so have been working on breathing and drinking water. Sharing this super article. Blessings, Audrey

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 21 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Hello Audrey, thanks for your kind commentary. It is sad that our soils are so depleted, combined with the early harvest and long distance of transportation, we no longer get the nourishment we once got from such simple foods as spinach. We live on the ocean and my wife and I have grown spinach and other greens in our tower garden, which we keep on our deck. We love the fresh greens. I also have grown some greens in trays in the house. Sunflower and pea shoots are my favorites; they are easy to grow and in seven days you have wonderful nourishing greens. Look forward to getting to know you. I will read some of your articles later today. Blessings. I have marked to follow you, so I don't forget. Blessings, to you and your family.

    • Nadine May profile image

      Nadine May 21 months ago from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

      I loved your Great hub! Very educational. I regularly walk on the beach five minutes away from where we live and imagine that I will breath in less polluted air, but if that is true is debatable. To eat living foods, now that makes a lot of sense. Voted up and shared!

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 21 months ago from southern USA

      Thank you so much, Bobby, for sharing the added information. I really don't think of it as cooking the spinach, but just steaming it for a few minutes. It is placed over boiled water in a steamer with a lid, so all of the water stays contained in the spinach, so maybe that is even good too. However, I do love raw spinach in my salads. Wow, four or five cups of raw vegetables a day! I will have to improve on that, but maybe it isn't as much as it sounds.

      Hope you have a great weekend ahead.

      Blessings

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 21 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Glad Hi Nadine, Great of you to stop by. I'm glad you found this article useful. Like you I also alway try to stay close to the ocean, as it is where the air is the purest, as long as your are away from the industrial zones. I'm glad you understand that a living body needs living foods. It's really pretty simple, but overlooked by most people. I look forward to getting to know you. Blessings, Bobby

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 21 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Hi Faith, I apologize for not getting back to you earlier. I am so blessed to have you as a friend here on HubPages. I love your hubs and appreciate your comments. Your spinach prep is the healthiest way of preparing it,to make sure it has all the nutrients preserved. As, for getting those veggie's in, try putting them in a couple of green smoothies you can drink throughout the day. Big blessings sent your way, Bobby

    • ologsinquito profile image

      ologsinquito 20 months ago from USA

      Thanks for another testimony that cancer can be cured naturally. It drives me crazy when I think of so many people being poisoned before they die from the effects of these treatments. I wish you and Kelley Eidem, another cancer survivor who writes here, could meet.

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 20 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Thank you dear one. I so agree. There are several good alternatives to cut, burn and poison. It's our mission to speak out and to share the truth. Cancer is not a death sentence. We can survive the disease and manny times avoid or reduce the debilitating standard medical treatments. Blessings dear one and thanks for your works. Bobby.

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 18 months ago from Nashville Tn.

      Hi Bobby - Here I am again. After reading your hub about Almonds, I found myself thirsty for more health articles by you. On the subject of green veggies and oxygen I'm so glad to learn "When we cook our greens, there is a dramatic loss of chlorophyll." I cook my broccoli and try to keep it crisp but now I'm thinking of eating it raw. The useful tips you provide are exciting and I'm grateful to you for sharing this wonderful information.

      I am becoming a really big fan Bobby! Light and love to you.

      Audrey

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 15 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Hello, Audrey I am so sorry to be getting back to you so late. I have been out in you part of the world for the past several months (Carlsbad) dealing with the loss of my mom and helping my dad get through the challenges of losing my mom. I am so glad this article has helped you. I will once again be writing, at least, an article a week or more, God willing. By the way, Broccoli is one green that does well when you lightly steam it. Thanks for your kind words. Sending hugs and blessings your way. Bobby

    • brakel2 profile image

      Audrey Selig 15 months ago from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

      Great article. Sorry about your mom. I have a question about problems getting rid of your carbon dioxide, such as in hyperventilation. Do you have any suggested remedies to help with that issue or breathing problems in general and carbon dioxide/oxygen. No rush to get back with me Bobby. Sharing. Blessings, Audrey

    • CrisSp profile image

      CrisSp 15 months ago from Sky Is The Limit Adventure

      Did you know that daytime sky would get dark without oxygen and thus, we'll have almost black sky and the oceans would evaporate and bleed into space. Interesting, isn't it? It is also said that if we double the amount of our oxygen intake (not hyper), we would be more happier, alert and most importantly much healthier.

      Excellent article, very well presented and researched most of all very useful indeed. Thank you and a happy New Year to you.

      Sharing the goodness of this hub.

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 15 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      Hi Audrey, so good to hear from you again. Thank you for your condolences. I remember you're referring to breathing issues and your need to increase oxygen, and I just looked at my last reply. I still have to say Be a lean green, raw food machine.

      Oxygen-rich foods can naturally increase your blood oxygen levels. Stock up on green vegetables like kale, spinach, cucumber and celery. Make green juice from them and drink 12 - 16 0unces a day. They will help boost your oxygen levels, and you will breathe easier. You can also grow some sunflower and pea shoot micro greens and juice a cup of each and add to your daily juice. I hope this helps. Audrey, I pray you are doing ok and that you getting better. You will be in my thoughts. Blessings, Bobby

    • the rawspirit profile image
      Author

      Robert Morgan 15 months ago from Hutchinson Island, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Scottsdale AZ

      CrisSP, thank you, thank you, thank you. I so appreciate your insights and your appreciation of my hub. I am honored. Bobby

    Click to Rate This Article