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Plastic Surgery: History, Facts and Celebrities

Updated on February 28, 2010

Do you know everything there is to know about aesthetic surgery procedures?

Plastic surgery history
Plastic surgery goes way back in time. Reconstructive surgery probably appeared in India, back in the sixth century BC.

Documents in Arabic also described corrective surgical procedures like rhinoplasty (nose job). European travelers learned about the procedures and the native methods through these surgical records.

Historic evidence shows that Egyptian and Roman surgeons also performed cosmetic surgeries.

Yet, surgery never gained popularity because it was painful. Surgical procedures became much more prevalent and easy to perform with the invention of anesthesia. Surgical procedures became even safer when antibiotics came to the scene.

Experiments in the sphere of plastic surgery continued from 1790 up to the 20th century. A German surgeon published his research about rhinoplasty in 1818.

Harold Gillies was the surgeon who developed many of the techniques used in cosmetic surgery even today. He was a World War I surgeon, who worked on the disfigured faces of soldiers.

Plastic surgery became known as a specialized medical field in the 20th century. Some of the best practices were created in the US.


Most popular types of plastic surgery
1. Breast augmentation (enlargement)
Breast implants are used to enlarge and change the shape of breasts. Breast enlargement is probably the most popular and most commonly performed type of aesthetic surgery.

Silicone implants are used most of the time. Other types of implants are also known but some of these have caused infections and other medical problems. Silicone is by far the most popular type of implant material.

2. Buttock augmentation
Buttock augmentation involves the usage of implants that shape the buttocks. Two procedures are popular among patients, one aiming to lift the buttocks and the other aiming to enlarge and shape them better.

3. Vaginoplasty
Vaginoplasty is the new ‘it’ thing in the world of plastic surgery. The procedure involves a change of the vagina for aesthetic purposes or in cases of sex-change surgeries.

The term vaginal rejuvenation is used to describe procedures that aim to make the vaginal tissue appear younger and tighter. Labiaplasty involves change in the shape of the labia.

4. Lip enhancement
Lip enhancement is another very popular procedure. Various materials are used to make the lips appear fuller and more seductive. The materials used in lip enhancement include collagen, dermalogen, alloderm and Gore-Tex. One of the new procedures developed involves fat transfer from one part of the body to the lips.

5. Rhinoplasty (nose job)
Rhinoplasty is the cosmetic surgery procedure that changes the shape of the nose. Apart from aesthetic purposes, rhimoplasty is used to deal with breathing problems.

6. Facelift
Facelift is a procedure that deals with wrinkles and facial skin ageing. Excess facial skin is removed. Facelift ranks sixth more popular among all procedures after breast enlargement, liposuction, eyelid correction, tummy tuck and rhinoplasty.

7. Liposuction
Liposuction is used to remove excess fat from various body parts. Most often, liposuction is performed in the area of the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. The amount of fat to be removed without harming the patient is limited.

Demi Moore

Pamela Anderson

Plastic surgery statistics
According to a total of 10 million cosmetic surgery procedures were performed in the US in 2008.

Breast augmentation ranked first in the chart, followed by liposuction.

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) 2008 reports, a total of 307 000 breast augmentation procedures were performed. Nose jobs totaled 279 000 and the number of liposuctions reached 245 000.

The same report states that the average US fee for breast augmentation reached $3348. The cost of buttock implants averaged $4497.  A facelift was worth $6012 on the average. A tummy tuck averaged $5167. All cosmetic surgical procedures performed in 2008 in the US generated revenue of $10.29 billion.

Victoria Beckham

Cosmetic surgery and celebrities
Most celebrities feel uneasy about discussing the plastic surgeries they underwent. The majority deny any medical intervention vividly, though the difference is noticeable. These are some of the celebrities that underwent plastic surgery and the rumors about them.

Dolly Parton is one of the names that spring to everyone’s mind when plastic surgery is under discussion. Parton talks openly about her enhancements. In an interview with Parton said that "if you've got the money and the nerve and the desire to do that, well I don't see nothing wrong with it. I've said before, if I see something saggin', baggin' and draggin', I'm gonna nip it, tuck it and pluck it!"

Demi Moore is one of the actresses that denies medical interventions and claims that her fabulous looks are the result of a healthy lifestyle. Rumors have it that her cosmetic surgery expenditure is impressive, since Moore feels uneasy about looking anything less than breath-taking.

The one woman everyone thinks of when breast enhancements are discussed is Pamela Anderson. Her massively enhanced breasts have turned into a trademark. Anderson changed her mind several times, removing her implants and than having her breasts augmented once again.

Katie Price, better known as Jordan, is a model known for her large and enhanced breasts. She underwent three augmentation procedures to reach a bust size of 30G.

One of the most discussed celebrity noses belongs to Jennifer Aniston. Aniston admitted that she had rhinoplasty but in her view the procedure was needed to deal with a breathing problem.

Singer Victoria Beckham underwent breast enhancements, as well. Her implants are often considered a failure because of their unnatural shape and roundness.

Jennifer Aniston


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    • profile image

      nicki minaj 5 years ago

      y would u have plastic surgey!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      they say it is painful.............

    • profile image

      Jennifer West 6 years ago

      You can say that plastic surgery is a good tool for enhancing imperfections. Actually, it helps a lot of people regain and boost their self-esteem! Additionally, plastic surgery can be a good treatment for irritation. One of the best examples is labiaplasty, otherwise known as vaginaplasty. This treatment reshapes the vagina and also prevents any irritation when women are wearing tight pants or cycling shorts .

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      Leah 7 years ago

      Very informative, greatly structured information. You're right about celebrities - it is sooo funny how they all deny any surgical intervention when their bodies and faces look like sculpted.