ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Your Eyes and the Sun Learning About Melanoma of the Eye

Updated on December 5, 2015

Defination of Melanoma of the Eye

Melanoma of the eye is explained as a cancerous tumor in the choroid layer of the eye, which is between the outer layer and the retina. It is also can be called Ocular Melanoma, eye tumor, and Malignant Melanoma.

Melanoma which is a form of skin cancer and occur on any part of your body including your eyes. This means that you need to protect your eyes from the sun as well as your skin.

Melanoma of the Eye

Melanoma of the Eye
Melanoma of the Eye

Type of Eye Melanoma

There are two different types of eye Melanoma. One is intraocular melanoma (choroid) a rare cancer, which is a disease in where cancer (malignant) cells are found in the part of the eye called the uvea. The uvea contains cells called melanocytes, which contain color. If there is melanoma that starts in the iris, it may look like a dark spot on the iris. If melanoma is in the ciliary body or the choroid, a person may have blurry vision or may have no symptoms, and the cancer may grow before you can notice it. Intraocular melanoma is usually found during a routine eye examination, when a doctor looks inside the eye with special lights and instruments.

The other form of this disease is called Conjunctival Melanoma. This is an uncommon eye cancer that arises in the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and the inner part of the eyelids.

Causes, Risk Factors and Symptoms of Eye Melanoma

Statistics state that typically in the United States there are about 6 people per million per year that but it has been increasing rapidly due to exposure to the sunlight. Most often fair-haired and blue-eyed people are effected but more and more cases are being noticed in other skin types and eye colors. Melanoma of the eye can spread to other areas of the body quickly. It is the most common type of eye tumor in adults.

Symptoms - What to look for
Look for a red or painful eye. Or a Growth near or around the eye itself.
A Small defect on the iris or conjunctiva (such as a dark spot or mole)
Change in the Iris color
Poor vision or bulging of the eye.
Note: In many cases there may be no symptoms

Books on Melanoma

Prevention and Treatment of Melanoma

One of the most important ways to prevent eye melanoma is to avoid excessive exposure to sunlight, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun's rays are most intense. Always wear sunglasses, even in the winter time and be sure they have ultraviolet protection.

Most small melanomas may be treated by laser or by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy may be needed if the tumor has spread. Surgical removal of the eye may be necessary to prevent the spread of tumor to the brain or other organs.  There are also some experimental treatments available be sure to check with the National Cancer Institute and your doctor for more advice.

Small melanomas may be treated by laser or by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy may be needed if the tumor has spread. Surgical removal of the eye may be necessary to prevent the spread of tumor to the brain or other organs.  There are experimental treatments available be sure to check with the National Cancer Institute or your doctor.

What to Expect (prognosis):
The outcome for melanoma of the eye depends upon the size of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Prevention and having your eyes checked on a yearly basis is another key in determining your outcome.  Between 60% and 80% of patients will survive at least 5 years from the time of diagnosis if the cancer has not spread outside the eye (metastasized).
If there has been spread outside the eye, the chance of survival is much lower.

Research, prevention, and early detection play a significant role in decreasing your risk of Melanoma of the eye.  Be sure to always protect your eyes even on cloudy days and especially during the peak hours.

My relationship to this cancer holds a soft spot in my heart.  For I had never heard of this form of cancer until my dad was diagnosed with it a few years ago. He survived for a couple of years after the removal of his eye.  His immune system was weak from ongoing treatments and pneumonia took him from us on Christmas day 2004. 


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I enjoy your writing style relaly loving this site. I've wrestled with reality for 35 years, Doctor, and I'm happy to state I finally won out over it. by Jimmy Stewart.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)