ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Rational And Irrational Drug Use, Abuse, Addiction And Compliance Issues

Updated on February 23, 2014

Taking Pills To Cure Illhealth


Irrational Use Of Drugs


Rational And Irrational Use Of Drugs

When two different drugs are taken together, they may produce effects different from those produced when the drug is taken alone. In many cases, this is beneficial and they are said to be synergistic. Doctors frequently make use of interactions to increase the effectiveness of a treatment. Very often more than one drug many be prescribed to treat hypertension or diabetes.

Other interactions, however are unwarranted and may be harmful. Adverse interaction between drugs may vary from a simple blocking of drug’s beneficial effects (antagonism) to a serious reaction between the two drugs that may be life threatening.

Rational use of Drugs

The rational use of drugs requires that patients receive medicines appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements for an adequate period of time and at the lowest cost to them and to the community. (WHO 1998)

Irrational Use of Drugs

  • The use of drug when no drug therapy is indicated.
  • The use of wrong drug for a specific condition requiring drug therapy.
  • The use of drug of doubtful or unproven efficacy.
  • The use of drug of uncertain safety status.
  • Incorrect administration, dosage or duration

Impact of irrational drug use: Reduced quality of therapy and could even lead to death, waste of resources (increased cost), risk of unwarranted effects 9adverse reactions, bacterial resistance) and psychological impacts of which patients may rely on unnecessary drugs and finally get addicted to them.

Drug Addiction



Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction And Abuse: A drug addict is one who applies drugs habitually which becomes difficult to stop. Someone who abuses drugs uses them wrongly or when not supposed to, it could also mean using drugs not in the proportion as prescribed by the doctor. Drug abuse and addiction is a wide spread problem which affects children, youths and even adults in in almost every country. Reasons why individuals abuse drugs may include: need to cope with pressures of life, just wanting to be a part of a group (peer pressure), seeking alternative help to forget problems and issues, short time activity and strength stimulation. But doing this is not without consequences and they are:

  1. Damage to health: tolerance and dependence
  2. Safety issues: driving risk, violent behaviour
  3. Interference with performance: affects concentration and memory
  4. Hurt relationships: family and friends
  5. Other problems: legal and financial; and finally
  6. Social embarrassment

Some commonly abused drugs: stimulants such as Cocaine for short lived pleasure, but also results to depression; amphetamines which cause hallucinations, irrational thoughts and fears; caffeine, causing nervousness and sleeplessness; Nicotine, causing lung cancer and heart diseases, depressants, barbiturates (sleeping pills especially) but are highly linked to accidental poisoning and suicide, Tranquilizers and Indian hemp. The only solution is psychological therapy!

Compliance In Taking Pills


Compliance Issues

Many patients deliberately stop their drugs because they feel well or their symptoms disappear. This can be dangerous especially with diseases like hypertension and diabetes, which have no noticeable symptoms. Stopping treatment may lead to recurrence or worsening of the disease. Other reasons why patients do not comply is:

  • Number of times taken in a day can be tiring (especially if it is 3 times and more).
  • Pill burden or number of pills can be daunting for patients
  • Sometimes just remembering being sick is a burden that can prevent good compliance
  • Lifestyle related issues er, work; and
  • Side effects make adherence with medication difficult.

Drug is safe only when the correct dosage is consumed taking into account the frequency of administration and the duration of therapy. If there is any issue you should discipline yourself to accomplish or overcome should be an issue related to your health or well being. You become the primary sufferer if you become careless in medication. But one huge application which is very effective is the use of compliance card. This card is now adapted to suite hypertension and diabetes monitoring. With proper instructions on how to use it, it will serve as a very reliable guide for therapeutic monitoring. It could motivate patients to comply and also guard against unintentional omission of duplication of dosages (abuse).

© 2014 Funom Theophilus Makama


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)