ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Sleep Apnea: A Common Sleep-Related Disorder

Updated on February 23, 2018
snerfu profile image

Vivian is a retired civil engineer engaged in writing online articles for more than seven years now. He likes to interact with people.

Sleep related disorder

Sleep apnea is a sleep-related disorder that many people conveniently ignore. People suffering from this ailment will stop breathing during sleep for as long as 15 seconds to 1 full minute and then choke on their breath. Severity of the ailment differs for each person. However, the rasping sound caused by sudden intake of breath called snoring does not seem threatening to most people. They tend to attribute hereditary causes because there is a lack of proper understanding of this disorder. Losing sleep can upset your metabolism and lead to other related diseases.

These diseases like memory loss, diabetes and heart disease begin with the deterioration of the metabolism. Loss of sleep at night will interrupt the building activity that takes place at night. Cell building process requires oxygen and when this is deprived the process comes to a halt. Digestion is upset and sugar builds up because the processing and synthesis of energy has stopped altogether.

Sleep apnea causes fatigue

Persons wake up several times at night
Persons wake up several times at night | Source

Symptoms of sleep apnea

People who have sleep apnea will exhibit at least one or more symptoms given here.

  • Restlessness the morning after
  • Choking sensation during sleep
  • Bad metabolic activity – digestion, sleep, tissue repair
  • Inability to concentrate on matter in hand
  • Irritation
  • Poor appetite

Persons having these symptoms will dismiss them as commonplace items brought on by some incident they went through during the day. However, they will continue to have these symptoms. Poor appetite and restlessness they blame on stress they experience through the day. They have bad metabolic activity and then again dismiss it as nothing important. Ignoring the symptoms can prove to be dangerous.

Knowing more about sleep apnea

Did you ever experience shortness of breath in your sleep?

See results

Types of sleep apnea

One can observe two different kinds of sleep apnea in people. The person may have either of the two sleep apnea or both.

a) Central type of sleep apnea

b) Obstructive sleep apnea

c) Mixed sleep apnea

Central type of sleep apnea arises from deficient brain activity. Obstructive is more dependent on body tissues and their development while the mixed type will have both of these in differing levels.

Sleep apnea affect men more

Morning tiredness and restlessness is common
Morning tiredness and restlessness is common | Source

Causes for this disorder

  • Central type sleep apnea: Here the central nervous system fails to signal properly and when there is disruption of breath during sleep, it does not tell the body to begin to breath again. Most people tend to disregard this sleep related disorder thinking snoring is common and there is nothing to worry about.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: When tissues grow to large proportions in the airways (nasal passage and throat region), it blocks the flow of air. This happens when the person is obese or has some infection that causes the tissues of the throat to swell up (like tonsillitis).
  • Mixed sleep apnea: In this, the person has incidence of both kinds of sleep apnea. They tend to develop over time and so one has to take quick action.

Round up of this ailment

Type
Causes
Treatment
Central
Failure of central nervous system
Medication
Obstructive
Growth of tissues in airways
CPAP
Mixed
Both of the above
Neurostimulation
General treatment of sleep apnea

Sleep apnea in detail

Treatment for sleep apnea

Treatment for this disorder begins with behavioral therapy. Patients must understand the need to avoid sleeping potions and alcohol. These can impede breathing and aggravate symptoms.

Most patients respond positively to medication like acetazolamide when they have central type of sleep apnea alone. Other medicines produce side effects and so one should use them with care. Neurostimulation is another method adopted to treat sleep apnea. The patient wears an upper airway stimulation system that senses the breathing and sends an electrical impulse that pushes back the tongue. This eliminates airway obstruction when the cause of obstruction is the tongue.

i) Medication

ii) CPAP

iii) Neurostimulation

iv) Oral appliances

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is common and effective method adopted widely today. In this, the person wears a mask that connects to a supply of air. This sends a flow of pressurized air into the mouth of the patient. The pressure keeps the airway open.

Oral appliances such as mandibular advancement splint helps to position the lower jaw correctly so that breathing becomes normal.

Supplementary oxygen may be required

Use mask of correct size
Use mask of correct size | Source

Problems patients could face are:

1) Wrong size mask

2) Skin irritation

You can change the brand and check if the problem persists. Different brands manufacture masks of different sizes and so one can effectively change the size of the mask to suit the shape of the face. If skin irritation persists, you should try creams and ointments.


Learning to watch for sleep apnea

One must learn to recognize sleep apnea and begin treatment as soon as it is possible. Look for people who snore and find out if they exhibit signs like restlessness and irritation. Sleep apnea causes carbon dioxide build up in the blood because of which tissue rebuilding stops. This can lead to diseases like diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, heart disease and memory loss.

Comments and opinions

Submit a Comment
  • snerfu profile imageAUTHOR

    Vivian Sudhir 

    21 months ago from Madurai, India

    Hi Stella! Thanks for reading my article. I am sorry about your problem. Hope it gets better. Keep in touch.

  • ladyguitarpicker profile image

    stella vadakin 

    5 years ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

    Hi, I just found out I have Sleep Apnea and I get maybe three hours and wake up. Every mask I tried hurts my nose. I hope to try another this week. Nice Hub will be reading more of yours.

  • snerfu profile imageAUTHOR

    Vivian Sudhir 

    5 years ago from Madurai, India

    Good to have you around RonElFran, I am glad some of my articles are finding favor with readers at HubPages. Thanks for the words of cheer. Chal.

  • RonElFran profile image

    Ronald E Franklin 

    5 years ago from Mechanicsburg, PA

    Sleep apnea is a potential killer that most people aren't aware of. I'm glad to see you highlight the issue.

  • snerfu profile imageAUTHOR

    Vivian Sudhir 

    5 years ago from Madurai, India

    Very kind of you to say so. Glad you like it.

  • teaches12345 profile image

    Dianna Mendez 

    5 years ago

    I found your article quite interesting and I learned much from reading through it. Excellent work.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)