ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Stress Manifestations: Health Significance Of Its Sources, Effects And Symptoms

Updated on February 23, 2014

What Causes Stress?

Source

Unfulfilled needs and desires: Status

Source

Excessive Job Demand

Source

Sources Of Stress

The sources of stress are much. They range from one individual to another. Sources or causes of stress can, however, be grouped into several key areas. These include:

Self-imposed Pressures:

  1. Unrealistic expectations
  2. Fear of incompetence
  3. Lack of self-management

Unfulfilled needs and desires:

  1. Material needs;
  2. Recognition;
  3. Status
  4. Autonomy

Problems of daily life:

  1. Commuting
  2. Queuing
  3. Losing items
  4. Lateness (self and others);
  5. Strikes
  6. Machine breakdowns (at home and at work); and
  7. Interruptions

Excessive demands:

  1. Job-related; and
  2. Non-job related

Lack of Job satisfaction:

  1. Conditions of work;
  2. Relationships;
  3. Management style; and
  4. Salary/ wages/ allowances

Unfulfilling relationships:

  1. Relationships at work; and
  2. Relationships at home

Fear of the future:

  1. Long-term viability of company;
  2. Loss of job- retirement;
  3. Future of a relationship;
  4. Welfare of aging relatives; and
  5. Upbringing of children

Concern for loved ones:

  1. Parents, grandparents;
  2. Spouse/partner
  3. Children; and Friends

Imbalance between work and Homes: Ill health.

Please note that stress is infectious. It is stressful to live and work with people who are suffering from it. There is no formula guaranteeing a stress free life but there are techniques for minimizing it. Complete lack of stress is death.

Emotional Stress

Source

Stress Symptoms

Source

Symptoms And Effects Of Stress

When we face any challenge, whether it is a physical threat, verbal abuse or mental cruelty, we are programmed biologically to either fight it or run away from it (the so called fight or flight syndrome). The individual’s genetic makeup, past experience, social support and managerial skill determines his or her abilities to respond and deal with stressful situations.

Economic factors such as living on credit, taking on a mortgage, or holding an unfulfilling job create demands many fear they will not be able to meet. Living in overcrowded cities and unventilated buildings, being surrounded by machinery and excessive noise add to the burden. The notion that these factors are primarily responsible for stress- related problems is reinforced by the growing separation or lack of rhythm between our lifestyles and our sense of unity with nature and the universe. At the root of this alienation is disorderly way of life, including the habitual practice of improper diet and lack of balance in mental, emotional and physical activities.

Effects of varieties of stress can be categorized into the following:

Physical effects: A feeling of tension caused by physical hardness in the muscles, joints, blood vessels and tissues resulting in rigidity and lack of body flexibility. These may lead to chest pain, heart palpitation, headache, fatigue, sleeplessness and rembling.

Emotional effects: Problems maintaining satisfying and fulfilling relationships with others as well as a confident self image, due to our preoccupation with abnormal emotions such as fear, worry, anxiety, anger, irritability, pessimism, hopelessness and short temper.

Intellectual And Social effects: this results in a feeling of helplessness or resignation resulting from the rapid exchange and development of information and by the share magnitude of accumulated data in the modern world. Also contributing to this type of stress are the social pressures in accepting the pace of change in the society at large, especially the separation of families, crime, the threat of nuclear war, ecological and economic crises and political uncertainty. These may lead to confusion, lack of concentration, poor memory, no sense of humour and loss of libido.

Behavioural effects: This is usually expressed by smoking drinking excessively, crying, uncooperative behavious, aggressiveness and hostility.

Spiritual effects: This is stress caused by the difficulty in coping with the changing universe, including the ability to resolve such basic questions as life and death, sickness and health, and the ephemerally or human existence. Underlying these forms of stress is a diet and way of life that is separate from natural order. Today, family members are often isolated from one another and they lack the network of members and friends to help them deal with the ups and downs of life.

© 2014 Funom Theophilus Makama

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)