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The essential Indian blackberry

Updated on March 14, 2011

 

The Indian blackberry also known as jambhul, Jamun, also known as Jaam/Kalojaam, jambas, jamun, jambolan, Portuguese Plum , rajaman, kala jamun, neredu, naval, nerale hannu, jamali, java plum, black plum, Njaval, Malabar plum, Damson Plum, Black Plum is a purple coloured oval shaped tropical berry with a unique taste, flavour and color. It is a summer fruit. The Jamuns start making their appearance during early April and are found through June. It is fruit that is in demand because of its health benefits. The tree can be easily grown and I have one in my own garden.

The ripe berry has a sweet taste and it is acidic and astringent in nature. This berry is usually eaten with some salt sprinkled on it because of its acidic nature. When you eat the fruit, it leaves a purple coloring on the tongue, this is a result of anthocyanin- a pigment present in the berry.

Indian blackberry. Tastes really nice with a bit of salt.
Indian blackberry. Tastes really nice with a bit of salt.
basketful of jamuns ready for sale...
basketful of jamuns ready for sale...
jamun tree
jamun tree
the jamun tree in my garden
the jamun tree in my garden

Nutritional content and health benefits

This berry is loaded with minerals and glucose and fructose are the major sugars found in the ripe fruit. It has a large seed inside which makes it about 70 percent edible. The Indian blackberry provides lower calories as compared to other fruits, a medium sized jamun gives about 3 to 4 calories. The fruit is rich in carbohydrates, proteins and also shows traces of calcium. It is a fairly good source of iron as it provides about one to two milligrams or iron per hundred grams. It is an excellent source of vitamin C; this black plum provides 18 milligrams of vitamin C per hundred grams.  This berry is a rich source of folate, Vitamin B, carotene, magnesium, potassium, fibre and antioxidants.

The Jamun is used to treat Diabetes. It is also used for treating digestive disorders such as diarrhoea. Extract of the leaves, the seeds and the bark of the jamun plant have been found to cause a noticeable decrease in blood sugar and glycouria or sugar in the urine. Several studies prove that the jamun has hypoglycaemic effects it can bring about  upto 30 percent reduction in blood sugar.

The seeds of this Indian black berry or java plum are rich in alkaloids which have the hypoglycaemic effects.

Studies also show that the Jamun is helpful in treating liver disease, which could play an important role in preventing liver damage. This berry also helps prevent cancer, this can be attributed to the antioxidants present in this fruit. Studies say that including this fruit in one’s diet when undergoing chemotherapy and radiation also proves to be beneficial. Research confirms that the antioxidant compounds (phytochemicals ) and polyphenolic compounds have great health benefits. They help in preventing several diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.

The jamun also has blood purifying properties. the leaves of the jamun tree have anti bacterial properties and are used for making medicines that help strengthen teeth and gums. The bark of this tree is useful for de-worming, treating urinary disorders, and is used to formulate many herbal medicines. This fruit is important in ayurvedic medicine.

Due to the high astringent properties of this tree, extracts of the bark, the leaves and the fruit are used for mouthwashes and mouth freshening gargles, and for treating gingivitis or bleeding gums in particular. The bark and the leaves of this tree are useful in controlling high blood pressure.

The juice of the jamun is very soothing and cooling, it aids in proper functioning of the digestive system.

The jamun fruit is eaten fresh when ripe. They taste better with some salt sprinkled on the fresh ripe berry.  It can also be made into a preserve, squash concentrate, jam or candy. Unripe berries are used to make vinegar. The ripe berry is also used to make wine.

There are two types of jamun- the white fleshed jamun has good amounts of pectin and can be used to make jelly, the purple fleshed jamun more commonly found, also makes good jelly but does not have good amounts of Pectin.

Thus we can say that not  just the fruit but the entire tree is beneficial to our health.

Comments

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    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi Aashna- no you will not put on weight by eating jamuns..

      @ c n rao- you do get jamun sherbet /juice but I think it is best to eat it fresh!

    • profile image

      c n rao 

      6 years ago

      dear sir,

      information is very useful ofcourse i want to know how to preserve these fruits since they are seasonal.

    • profile image

      Aashna 

      6 years ago

      Hey I just wanted to knw if we put on weight by eating these fruits ??????

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi akhil,

      yes it is a very safe fruit to eat.

    • profile image

      akhil 

      6 years ago

      my wife is pregnant n she loves jamun , it is safe to eat in first month ?

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi rajan jolly,

      Thank you so much!

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      6 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Vibhavari, this is a great hub on jamun health benefits. I am including a link to your hub in my hub "Jamun or black Plum- health benefits and uses". Hope you don't mind.

      I'll be publishing the hub tonight.

      You are lucky to have a jamun tree in your garden and can benefit from their use.

      Voted this hub up and useful.

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi Hemanath,

      Yes, pregnant women can safely eat jamuns :)

      Have a great day

    • profile image

      HEMANATH 

      6 years ago

      Hi, vibhavari

      thank u for such a grt info abt blackberry i have a doubt whether pregnant ladies can eat jamun? it will b useful if u reply :)

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      7 years ago from India

      Hi sairakhan,

      thank you for your feedback, this hub is one way of making people aware of the fact. have a good day.

    • sairakhan profile image

      sairakhan 

      7 years ago from Bombay , India

      I agree with you vibhavari.fruits are better than taking any diet.blackberries are really essential for health but the prblem is nobody knows about this fact

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      Hi Shalini,

      anytime for the blackberry fix.

    • Shalini Kagal profile image

      Shalini Kagal 

      8 years ago from India

      I need to walk down for my blackberry fix soon :)

      Things were hectic this week - next week?

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      Hi Techtree,

      Thank you for stopping by. I'm glad you enjoyed this hub. :)

    • Techtree profile image

      Techtree 

      8 years ago from India

      Hi vibhavari, very nice and fruity hub you have written.

      I have two black berry trees in my sideyard. One is giving fruits and another will start giving in next year(hope so)

      i also have guavava, popaya trees. I enjoyed your hub.

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      Cheers!

    • sabu singh profile image

      sabu singh 

      8 years ago

      Thank you for adding to my education. We live and we learn. Cheers.

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      Hi sabu singh, that was just a smile. It does not have to say anything or mean anything!

    • sabu singh profile image

      sabu singh 

      8 years ago

      Vibhavari, whatever you were trying to say to me (if at all) has gone directly and way above my head. HELP!!!

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      @ sabu singh... :-)

      Hi suny51,

      coconut tress manage to grow where you plant them but not all of them bear fruit.

    • suny51 profile image

      suny51 

      8 years ago

      we too have all these trees in our home,but not that of coconut,for coconut i travel to Bangalore or,Kolkata,although i find them in Goa also besides so many other places but this tree is not available in our area.

    • sabu singh profile image

      sabu singh 

      8 years ago

      Thank you Vibhavari. I am in no hurry. Let your folks eat what they like. I will be happy with the leftovers too.

      I haven't a clue where you live though so the leftovers are safe lol.

    • Vibhavari profile imageAUTHOR

      Vibhavari 

      8 years ago from India

      Hi sabu singh,

      Thank you for stopping by and you can come anytime to eat the jamuns from the tree in my garden, but you have to wait your turn as there are plenty of people at home waiting to get those jamuns... and we also have mango trees, a coconut tree, guava trees. :-)

    • sabu singh profile image

      sabu singh 

      8 years ago

      Thank you for this useful and informative Hub Vibhavari. The jamun is one of my favourite fruits and as you rightly put it, its benefits for those with high sugar are well-known.

      What are the chances of being invited to taste the jamun from your garden? lol

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