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Three Developmental Disabilities

Updated on February 27, 2012

Developmental Disabilities

Developmental disabilities are present at birth or come about during childhood. It's a chronic condition that will exist throughout a persons life. Developmental disabilities restrict mental or physical ability. These disabilities prevent a child from developing at a normal rate. The disabilities include cerebral palsy,autism, hearing or visual impairment and the most common one mental retardation.

These disabilities cause problemes witha persons mobility on language and learning. It also causes problemes with things that a person does on a daily basis such as bathing,eating,walking,spaking and caring about themselves. There are three common disabilities that people should become familar with.

Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation is the most common disability. This disability causes below average mental functioning. People with mental retardation have difficulty in learning and problems with social skills. There are different degrees of mental retardation. Mental retardation is not a disease or a mental illness. To identify that a person has this disability one is giving a Intelligence test. Depending on the severity of one's disability a person can work and live independently.


Autism is a group of developmental disabilities called Autism Spectrum or ASP'S. Autism starts before the age of three and continues throughout a persons life. Autism is normally seen in boy's. People with Autism have trouble with speech,communication and language. They may have problems with other people socially. Autistic people may do the same thing over and over again,such as rocking back and forth or repeating themselves.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a disability that effects a persons balance and movement. It can also cause mental disabilities.A person with this disability suffered from brain damage while in there mothers uterus or during birth. Individuals with Cerebral Palsy have no control over their head and have trouble with using there hands and arms. They also have poor balance and posture a person can also be limp or stiff. There are four types of cerebral Palsy : Ataxic,Spastic and Mixed or Athetoid. People with this Cerebral Palsy also have other disorders as well such as mental retardation,seizure disorder,visual or hearing Impairment. Signs and symptoms vary amongst people some have it mildly and others have it more severely.

A better Understanding

I hope this gives a better understanding of these three disabilities. I have a cousin who has Cerebral Palsy he has spastic as well as mental retardation, his life wasn't suppose to be as long it has been but he is still here with us today and I believe it's from the love we show him but also the understanding of his symptoms and how to care for him has made a world of difference.


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      Lesleysherwood 5 years ago

      I voted UP and awesome to this eye opening hub. It is essential that we are aware of these conditions and not be scared. If people can live with a disability, we so called 'able' should not shy away from them. The last sentence impacted me and I believe it to be true regarding the love.