- First Aid
It’s almost impossible not to have a bruise while growing up. Bruises can be painful and sometimes ugly. This is what you could do to quicken the healing process.
What causes a bruise?
So you took a bump or was hit hard enough that it caused a blue black color on your skin. The color you see is due to damaged small blood vessels, causing the blood to leak out of these vessels and seep into the tissue surrounding it. If left on its own, bruises will normally fade away after 2 weeks. The pool of blood will decrease and you can see a range of color, from yellow to green and purple.
Our body has antibodies that naturally heal parts of the body that was damaged. However, you can take several steps, both to reduce the pain it causes and also to make it fade away.
As soon as you can, try to reduce the blood flow to the bruised area by taking a pack of ice and pressing it with a small pressure. If you don’t have those flexible ice packs used by athletes, soak a cloth with cold water. After 10-15 minutes, remove the ice and wait for another 20 minutes before reapplying the ice pack.
Wait for at least 24 hours and then start applying heat on the area by rubbing on it. As long as it’s not bleeding externally, by rubbing some ointments, you can actually remove the evidence of the clumsy moment that caused the bruise. You may heat up the water, put it in a bottle, or again soak the cloth with it and rub it for 20 minutes. Repeat this several times a day.
After that, you can use one of these methods:
- Fresh parsley leaves. Chop them and crush them. Spread it over the bruise area and wrap them with a bandage. This can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- St John’s wort oil is rich in astringents and tannins that can control bleeding. Gently rub it on the bruised area.
- Vitamin K cream is also good to quicken blood clotting. Use this to prevent further bleeding.
- Vitamin C thickens the blood vessel walls so that you won’t be bruised easily. In fact, a regular intake of Vitamin C is good for you.
- Apply with a mixture of Vaseline (about 1 tea spoon) and of cayenne pepper (1/5 of a tea spoon).
- Arnica homeopathic cream shrinks inflammation and increases circulation to flush stagnant blood away that causes the blue black.
Another thing to note would be not to take aspirin because it can make it worse. And if the bruises appear mysteriously, even without getting injured, do see a doctor. It can be a sign of a more serious condition. If there is a swell after the bruise (especially at joints) not subsiding over a week, or if the pain becomes severe, it might be fractured and you would need aid of a professional medical help.