ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Type 2 Diabetes - What Is It?

Updated on April 24, 2018
tamarawilhite profile image

Tamara Wilhite is a technical writer, an industrial engineer, a mother of two, and a published sci-fi and horror author.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes or T2D used to be called adult onset diabetes. However, it can no longer be called that since our modern sedentary lifestyle and poor diet is resulting in increasing numbers of teens being diagnosed with the condition. However, the odds that someone will develop Type 2 diabetes do go up with age. Our tendency to lose muscle mass and slow down around age 45 is why they say that is the point your risk starts to rise significantly.

But what exactly is T2D? Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder where the body loses its ability to respond to insulin. The body slowly loses its ability to properly respond to insulin, until it stops producing or responding at all. Type 2 diabetes does include cases where the body isn’t producing enough insulin, but because the cells are essentially burned out, not destroyed. It is in stark contrast to the auto-immune condition that defines Type 1 diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys the pancreas, so the body literally lacks the ability to create insulin because it killed the only cells capable of producing it.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It results in the body being unable to properly move sugar into your cells. The sugar or glucose builds up in your blood instead. This is called hyperglycemia.

The body tries to cope as best it can. The beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin release more insulin in an effort to bring blood sugar levels down, but they eventually can’t make enough to meet the demand.

In some cases, the beta cells are malfunctioning and send out the wrong amount of insulin or do so at the wrong time. In other cases, the liver isn’t storing up the excess glucose or releases stored glucose when it should be mediating blood sugar levels instead. This is why high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol are correlated with a greater risk of diabetes. Fat stored around the abdomen instead of your hips and thighs is another risk factor for diabetes, since fat stored here interferes with proper liver function. Regardless of why the body can’t control its blood sugar levels, you can end up with Type 2 diabetes when it is bad enough.

The odds someone will become diabetes skyrocket in retirement.
The odds someone will become diabetes skyrocket in retirement. | Source

What Are Your Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes?

A family history of Type 2 diabetes, being non-white, having had prenatal diabetes or a baby over nine pounds, a diagnosis of PCOS, high blood pressure, and obesity increase one’s odds of becoming diabetic as well. Obesity in children is a major contributor to children developing TD2. However, one doesn’t need to be overweight to develop Type 2 diabetes. Yet losing seven percent of your body weight and getting into the healthy range reduces your risk of developing the condition. Anyone with pre-diabetes is at risk of developing T2D, type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes should only be diagnosed via blood tests. Talk to your doctor if you think you’re at risk of developing diabetes or may already have it.

Why Don’t Some People with Diabetes Know They Have It?

Type 2 diabetes doesn’t happen overnight. More than eighty million people have pre-diabetes, a condition where their blood sugar isn’t normal but it isn’t high enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes. Left untreated, there is a good chance pre-diabetes will progress to Type 2 diabetes.

The symptoms can worsen over years before someone realizes something is wrong, and there are millions who have Type 2 diabetes who don’t realize it. Some don’t find out that they have Type 2 diabetes until the damage it can cause to their vision, kidneys or heart has already occurred.

© 2018 Tamara Wilhite


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)