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Types Of Anemia

Updated on October 22, 2011

It's difficult to conceive that U.S, a country with among the most eminent standard of living in the global bearing over twenty million folks with the disease called anemia caused by unhealthful diet and nutritionary inadequacy.

Most of the folks mis-understand that the anemia is induced by iron inadequacy in bloodstream but actually anemia is defined by inadequacy of hemoglobin of the RBCs reducing the power of blood to produce oxygen to cells and remove carbon dioxide.

Although normally called the 'Pauper's Disease', Anemia widely impacts whole parts of the society regardless of age, sex and anatomy.

There are different types of anemia, depending on the cause. There are various factors responsible for anemic condition in the organic structure. It can be either due to inadequate iron, heavy bleeding or genetic endowment , anemia demands to be cared for effectively at the earliest.

Medically talking, anemia isn't a disease  itself but  inadequacy that extends to other disorderlinesses in the organic structure. There are almost four hundred types of anemia. Out of this almost maximum are rare. We'll talk about some of the basic types of anemia.

Blood sample film of a person with Iron Deficiency Anemia
Blood sample film of a person with Iron Deficiency Anemia

Lack of Iron

It is one of the important nutrient for producing RBC in body. When this content reduces in the body , the yield of RBC is cramped  and in turn leads to Anemia. This can be because of heavy bleeding during menses, blood loss because of accidental injuries etc. Inadequate dieting and prolonged sickness could as well leads  to iron deficiency anaemia.

Symptoms includes blondness of skin, regular headaches, fussiness,  and speedy heartbeat. Such  type of deficiency can be cared by normal diet adjustments and having  lots of supplements of iron.

Folic Acid Fortified Food
Folic Acid Fortified Food

Pernicious Anemia

These type of anemia is because of inadequacy in Vitamin B12. It impacts people with the age bracket of 50-60 years. Pernicious anemia is mostly genetic but in few cases, this also results from autoimmune disease.

Few symptoms are fatigue, heart vibrations, Dyspnea and numbness in the entire body. If this deficiency is identified at the early stage,this can be treated along with Vitamin B12 or medicines.

Folic Acid Inadequacy

As the name indicates, such type of anemia is due to inadequate Folic Acid in blood. Folic acid is Vitamin B and is found in green veggies and fruits. Once we do not consume enough veggies/fruits or when the vegetables are overcooked, a folacin deficiency will develop.

Usually pregnant women's suffer from such type of anemia because during this pregnancy time the body commands larger amount of Folic Acid. Few symptoms includes tieredness, weakness, memory loss and higher mood swings.

This type of deficency can be cured by having more of green vegetables like asparagus,spinach,red beans in our routine diet.

A person's hand having severe anemia (right) compared to a normal hand.
A person's hand having severe anemia (right) compared to a normal hand.

Sickle Cell Anemia

This type of anaemia is genetic lifetime disease in which it makes curved shape RBC's. Sickle cells contain exceptional Hb and tends to form lumps.

This lumps get stucks in blood vessels which leads to severe pain, various infections and major injury to the organ.

Symptoms include jaundice,fever, fast heart beat, fatigue, blondness of skin and terrible pain in different parts of the body,particularly in arms, legs and stomach. Terrible form of this anemia will lead to ulcers, cerebral hemorrhage and orthopaedic disorders.

Regrettably there's no permanent cure for this disease. Treatment involves relieving the symptoms by medicine, supplements and therapy. Marrow transfers can also provide relief in few situations.

Loss of blood can be dangerous for anemic patients.
Loss of blood can be dangerous for anemic patients.

Aplastic Anemia

This anemia is defined as decrease in the RBCs. This can be because of heavy blood loss in an accidental injury, heavy menses, exposure to fewer toxins. Due to inadequate of RBC in the body, it makes us loose the fighting capability of body and also the person becomes inclined to different infections.

Few symptoms are sluggishness, blondness of skin,  bleeding, faster heartbeat, aggregate infections and coronary failure

For people suffering with mildest Aplastic anemia, treatment is not required until the deficeincy do not degenerates more. If its severe then treatment includes  blood transfusion, transfer of blood and stem cells and medicines.

Thalassemia

This is genetically inherited disorder which causes heavy damage to RBC's. This could be major or minor depending on the number of Hb molecules the body can synthesise. The most common and severe form of anemia is Cooley's anemia.

Symptoms for Thalassemia are tiredness, short temper, and heart ache after every short internal, dizziness, bents in facial bones, jaundice, and no growth. Residents of Africa, China, Middle East, Italy, India and Greece are more affected from this type of anemia in comparison with population of rest of the world.

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    • profile image

      very happy 

      6 years ago

      I use to have low iron, never had enough folicacid problems because I didn't eat ...I almost died do to poor eating habits ...I thought I was fat ...I know now beautiful is what's within ...now. foods my friend and I love my friends and I love me...fruits. vegetables. Breakfast. Lunch. Snacks. Dinner ...small but health

    • profile image

      Aly 

      6 years ago

      I myself have had anemia due to loss of iron and blood loss. I felt not so myself. People told me that to eat cuz u could die.

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