ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Types Of Anemia

Updated on October 22, 2011

It's difficult to conceive that U.S, a country with among the most eminent standard of living in the global bearing over twenty million folks with the disease called anemia caused by unhealthful diet and nutritionary inadequacy.

Most of the folks mis-understand that the anemia is induced by iron inadequacy in bloodstream but actually anemia is defined by inadequacy of hemoglobin of the RBCs reducing the power of blood to produce oxygen to cells and remove carbon dioxide.

Although normally called the 'Pauper's Disease', Anemia widely impacts whole parts of the society regardless of age, sex and anatomy.

There are different types of anemia, depending on the cause. There are various factors responsible for anemic condition in the organic structure. It can be either due to inadequate iron, heavy bleeding or genetic endowment , anemia demands to be cared for effectively at the earliest.

Medically talking, anemia isn't a disease  itself but  inadequacy that extends to other disorderlinesses in the organic structure. There are almost four hundred types of anemia. Out of this almost maximum are rare. We'll talk about some of the basic types of anemia.

Blood sample film of a person with Iron Deficiency Anemia
Blood sample film of a person with Iron Deficiency Anemia

Lack of Iron

It is one of the important nutrient for producing RBC in body. When this content reduces in the body , the yield of RBC is cramped  and in turn leads to Anemia. This can be because of heavy bleeding during menses, blood loss because of accidental injuries etc. Inadequate dieting and prolonged sickness could as well leads  to iron deficiency anaemia.

Symptoms includes blondness of skin, regular headaches, fussiness,  and speedy heartbeat. Such  type of deficiency can be cared by normal diet adjustments and having  lots of supplements of iron.

Folic Acid Fortified Food
Folic Acid Fortified Food

Pernicious Anemia

These type of anemia is because of inadequacy in Vitamin B12. It impacts people with the age bracket of 50-60 years. Pernicious anemia is mostly genetic but in few cases, this also results from autoimmune disease.

Few symptoms are fatigue, heart vibrations, Dyspnea and numbness in the entire body. If this deficiency is identified at the early stage,this can be treated along with Vitamin B12 or medicines.

Folic Acid Inadequacy

As the name indicates, such type of anemia is due to inadequate Folic Acid in blood. Folic acid is Vitamin B and is found in green veggies and fruits. Once we do not consume enough veggies/fruits or when the vegetables are overcooked, a folacin deficiency will develop.

Usually pregnant women's suffer from such type of anemia because during this pregnancy time the body commands larger amount of Folic Acid. Few symptoms includes tieredness, weakness, memory loss and higher mood swings.

This type of deficency can be cured by having more of green vegetables like asparagus,spinach,red beans in our routine diet.

A person's hand having severe anemia (right) compared to a normal hand.
A person's hand having severe anemia (right) compared to a normal hand.

Sickle Cell Anemia

This type of anaemia is genetic lifetime disease in which it makes curved shape RBC's. Sickle cells contain exceptional Hb and tends to form lumps.

This lumps get stucks in blood vessels which leads to severe pain, various infections and major injury to the organ.

Symptoms include jaundice,fever, fast heart beat, fatigue, blondness of skin and terrible pain in different parts of the body,particularly in arms, legs and stomach. Terrible form of this anemia will lead to ulcers, cerebral hemorrhage and orthopaedic disorders.

Regrettably there's no permanent cure for this disease. Treatment involves relieving the symptoms by medicine, supplements and therapy. Marrow transfers can also provide relief in few situations.

Loss of blood can be dangerous for anemic patients.
Loss of blood can be dangerous for anemic patients.

Aplastic Anemia

This anemia is defined as decrease in the RBCs. This can be because of heavy blood loss in an accidental injury, heavy menses, exposure to fewer toxins. Due to inadequate of RBC in the body, it makes us loose the fighting capability of body and also the person becomes inclined to different infections.

Few symptoms are sluggishness, blondness of skin,  bleeding, faster heartbeat, aggregate infections and coronary failure

For people suffering with mildest Aplastic anemia, treatment is not required until the deficeincy do not degenerates more. If its severe then treatment includes  blood transfusion, transfer of blood and stem cells and medicines.


This is genetically inherited disorder which causes heavy damage to RBC's. This could be major or minor depending on the number of Hb molecules the body can synthesise. The most common and severe form of anemia is Cooley's anemia.

Symptoms for Thalassemia are tiredness, short temper, and heart ache after every short internal, dizziness, bents in facial bones, jaundice, and no growth. Residents of Africa, China, Middle East, Italy, India and Greece are more affected from this type of anemia in comparison with population of rest of the world.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      very happy 

      7 years ago

      I use to have low iron, never had enough folicacid problems because I didn't eat ...I almost died do to poor eating habits ...I thought I was fat ...I know now beautiful is what's within foods my friend and I love my friends and I love me...fruits. vegetables. Breakfast. Lunch. Snacks. Dinner ...small but health

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I myself have had anemia due to loss of iron and blood loss. I felt not so myself. People told me that to eat cuz u could die.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)