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ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS & ITS SOURCES, USES, ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.

Updated on May 22, 2017

Six types of Macro Minerals

Here is some information how six types of macro minerals help in our body :-

1. Iron (8 mg)

Reference Dietary Intake

It helps in :-

  • Providing strength to the immune system in day to day life
  • Reducing anemia
  • Effective vital element needed for muscle health and brain function
  • Building concentration amongst the students and professional people needed to carry out their work efficiently

2. Calcium (1100 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Building and maintaining healthy bones as well as teeth
  • Controlling excitability of nerves and muscles
  • conduction of nerve impulses
  • contraction of heart & other muscles,
  • maintaining blood cholesterol levels
  • Assisting in absorption of Vitamin B12

3. Potassium (4.7 gm)

It helps in :-

  • Maintaining normal balance of water within body cells
  • Activating the enzymes associated with energy production
  • Ensuring proper functioning of cells
  • Helping nerve impulse transmission
  • Stimulating the normal movements of the intestinal tract

4. Copper (900 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Reducing bone density loss
  • Reducing bad cholesterol
  • Imparting coloration to skin, hair, and eyes as it is a component of melanin
  • Stimulating Brain
  • Increasing production of energy
  • Ensuring better wound healing

5. Magnesium (420 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Absorption of calcium
  • Strengthening bone and teeth
  • Maintaining proper muscle function
  • Stabilizing the rhythm of the heart
  • Prevention of abnormal blood clotting

6. Phosphorus (700 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Providing strong bones as well as teeth
  • Facilitating effective digestion in human body
  • Removing minor health problems like weakness, numbness, fatigue
  • As an important substance for brain function
  • Activating vitamin B complex

Five types of Micro Minerals

Discovering the five types of micro Minerals essential for Human body :-


1. Iodine (150 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Ensuring proper functioning of thyroid glands
  • Ensuring optimum utilization of calories
  • Keeping healthy & shiny skin, teeth as well as hair

2. Silicon (40 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Assisting calcium for the growth & maintenance of joints & bones
  • Restoring the natural glow of the skin
  • improving the quality of nails, hair and brightens the eyes
  • Decreasing plaque formation

3. Boron (1.11 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Enhancing brain function
  • Enhancing eye-hand coordination
  • Enhancing short memory and concentration
  • Enhancing testosterone levels in males
  • Strengthening the bones in unison with calcium
  • Reducing lipid accumulation in arteries

4. Molybdenum (45 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Preventing dental caries and anemia (because they enable the body to use iron)
  • Maintaining normal sexual function in male
  • Improving all-round health,
  • keeping the body & mind in proper good shape

5. Vanadium (9 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Normalizing glucose levels
  • Enhancing athletes performance
  • Lowering blood pressure
  • Promoting bone health

Types of Carotenoid Antioxidants


There are three types of Carotenoid Antioxidants present...viz.....Lycopene, Lutein, Betacarotene.

1. Lycopene ( 2.3 mg )

It helps in.......

  • Stimulating the immune system
  • protecting the skin from UV damage
  • checking cholesterol
  • Benefitted in various type of cancers
  • Prevents macular degeneration which is age related

2. Lutein ( 2.2 mg )

It helps in.......

  • Prevention of degeneration of eyes and skin by sunlight UV rays
  • Combating arthritis and OA aches
  • warding off the effects of bad cholesterol
  • Reducing the risk of developing colon cancer

3. Betacarotene ( 2.9 mg )

It helps in.......

  • Serving as immune booster
  • Reducing the risk of prostate cancer in men
  • Prevention of night blindness and other eye problems


Seven Types of B-Complex factors

There are seven types of B-Complex factors essential in daily diet which are :/-

1. Vitamin B1 (1.2 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Energy production
  • Developing myelin sheaths
  • Ensuring proper digestion
  • Ensuring proper cardiac function
  • Prevention of cataracts
  • Prevention Alzheimer’s disease
  • Restoring deficiencies caused by alcoholism
  • Improving appetite
  • Improving memory

2. Vitamin B2 (1.1 mg)


It helps in :-

  • production of energy, RBC
  • Absorption of minerals
  • Repairing of tissues
  • Regulating thyroid activity
  • Preventing acne and ensuring healthy eyes
  • Protecting the nervous system

3. Vitamin B3 (16 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Promoting healthy appetite,
  • Promoting good nerves & a glowing skin
  • Reducing the bad cholesterol

4. Vitamin B5 (5 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Stressing Buster
  • Act as immune strengthener
  • Regulating the cholesterol
  • Controlling the Blood Pressure
  • Keeping the skin healthy

5. Vitamin B6 (1.3 mg)

It helps in :-

  • Refurbishing the immune system
  • Maintaining healthy skin
  • functioning of nervous system

6. Folic Acid (400 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Building and repairing skin cells and muscle tissues
  • Improving the working of heart
  • Reducing the occurrence of cancer

7. Vitamin B12 (2.4 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Maintaining a strong nervous system
  • Reducing fatigue & weakness
  • Checking & maintaining cholesterol levels

Most Important Vitamins

A balanced diet is essentially needed to all healthy living organism. Deficiencies can lead to a abnormalities in health, and arouse undesirable symptoms.

Abnormalities mainly comes from deficiency of VItamins and other essentials ingredients.

It is not important how much food you are taking, but it is important of which composition of food you are taking.

Equillibrium in both acidic as well as basic of food is also an another important factors.

Kindly have a look on the most important three Vitamins necessary in daily diet :-

1. Biotin (30 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Providing energy to the body
  • Maintaining healthy skin, muscle tissues & hair
  • Reducing the risk of diabetes

2. Vitamin K (120 mcg)

It helps in :-

  • Regulating clotting of blood
  • Maintaining strong bones in elderly

3. Vitamin D (200 IU)

It helps in :-

  • Absorbing calcium, which is essential for the bones
  • Regulating and maintaining Calcium and Phosphorus balance for reducing the chance Equilibrium


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