ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Understanding Gastric Disorders

Updated on December 31, 2014

How Gastric Acid Works

Gastric acid is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach, produced by parietal or oxyntic cells. It is stimulated by the nutritional composition of the food eaten. Gastric acid secretion in the stomach occurs in three phases:

i. the celaphic phase is the first which involves the secretion to be produced being stimulated by anticipation of eating, the smell and the taste of food. The signalling occurs from higher centres of the brain through the Vagus nerve which activates the parietal cells to release the acid.

ii. Second is the gastric phase whereby about fifty percent of the total acid for a meal is secreted whose stimulation is caused by the distension of the stomach and the amino acids present in the food.

iii. Finally, there is the intestinal phase whereby it accounts for a small proportion of the acid secretor response to a meal.

What Causes Gastric Disorders

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) results in a defect in the regulation of gastric production by that part of the stomach thus increased or decreased gastric secretion. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) happens as a result of incompetence of the lower oesophageal sphincter allowing a reflux of gastric content into the oesophagus. It causes increased gastric contents as there is continual stimulation and production of gastric acid.

Gastric disorders result from disrupted balance between formation of caustic gastric acid and maintenance of mucosal barrier. It causes the stomach lining to become very thin hence losing most or all of the cells that produce acids hence a reduction in gastric secretion.

How gastric Disorders Affect Behaviour

GERD may be associated with an increased frequency of relaxation , such as in obesity owing perhaps to increased sensitivity to distention, and in diabetes owing to the effect of hyperglycemia.

Physical activity could affect Peptic Ulcer Disease through several biologic mechanisms, such as enhancing the immune system's ability to neutralize the effects of H pylori, plummeting excess acid secretion, and convalescing a person's ability to cope with stressful situations.

Regularity in the daily routine can be extremely effective in reducing physiological imbalance at the basis of gastritis as it maintains the body’s natural balancing cycles to cleanse and heal effectively.

Diagnosis of Gastric Disorders

Stomach pain is the first symptom of PUD and further tests to affirm the invasion of H. Pylori would be a breath test that uses radioactive carbon atom to detect the bacteria. Patients would be treated with antacids or H2 antagonists.

With the presence of the bacteria, the most effective treatment would be to administer a combination of two antibiotics and one proton pump inhibitor, sometimes with a bismuth compound. For GERD patients, a clinical diagnosis is performed also checking with the family history of the patient. Those within typical symptoms may be given a trial of therapy.

Treatment of Gastric Disorders

Treatment would involve the head of the bed being elevated, avoiding alcohol, fats, coffee and smoking and administering proton pump inhibitors. Gastritis is noted when a person has upper abdominal discomfort or pain or nausea. If uncertain, an examination of the stomach using an endoscope may be needed. For mild symptoms administering antacids is sufficient drug that reduce acid production like histamine-2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)