What is the Mentrual Cycle and How Does It Work?
The menstrual cycle is the process a female's body goes through during puberty. Only women go through this phase meaning men do not experience the menstrual cycle.
The average age in which the onset of menses occurs is at the age of 13-15. I have heard stories of women starting as early as 5 and as old as 18.
The menstrual cycle has four phases and typically last for 28 days. This varies tremoudously. Some women have a shorter duration while some have a longer duration.
The phases of the menstural cycle are: Menstrual phase, follicular phase, ovulation phase and luteal phase which I am going to explain futher. This phases happen in the same order every month in a woman who has a regular cycle. Even in women who have an irregular cycle, the phases always happen in order. There are some reasons why a woman may not have a cycle each month or why it may stop altogether. The most coming reason for a stopped cycle is due to pregnancy or menopause. Other factors include drastic weight changes (gain or lost), stress, illness, or hysterectomy.
The menstrual phase, in a 28 day cycle, usually last 5 days. Day one is marked by the onset of bleeding with day 5 being the last day of bleeding. Again, some women with a cycle duration may not have a cycle that last the whole 5 days and women with a longer duration may experience longer periods. No matter what though, each cycle will be marked by bleeding.
The follicular phase also starts on the first day and usually end on day 13. Again, this is during a 28 day cycle so, this can be different from other women with a shorter or longer cyle duration. This phase is getting the egg and the uterus ready to receive the egg once it is fertilized. The follicles are rich with nutrients to feed the egg. Between 3-30 follicles are grown and each houses an egg. The dominant egg is the one that is matured and released during the ovulation phase. The other eggs dissolve and will be released during the next cycle or by other means.
The ovulation phase is the phase in which the egg is released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes. When the egg is fertilized, it implants into the uterus where the baby will then grow. However, if the egg is not fertilized, the egg will then be shedded during menstration. This usually occurs on day 14 and usually only last for 12 hours. However, ovulation does not always happen on the same day nor the same time which makes it hard to plan to make a baby.
The luteal phase is the end of the cycle marked by day 15-28. The egg is now degenerating awaiting to be released during the menstrual cycle.
PMS what is it?
Every single month from the first menses until the last, women undergo something called Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). PMS is the physical and emotional a woman experience before menstruation. PMS can happen anytime during the menstrual cycle but typically happens one to two weeks before the start of the cycle. Some women experience PMS during the actual menstrual phase while some experience it during the luteal phase.
Symptoms of PMS include irritability, moodiness, headaches, cramping, fatigue, depression, crying spells, bloating and diarrhea.
Anytime a woman is moody or easily upsetted, it is automatically assumed that she is PMSing which is not necessarily true. PMS has been said to hinder women from being in positions of power because of the inability to control emotions. But let's analyze why women are moody during this period of time.
Each time a woman has a menstrual, she loses at least 3 eggs. The eggs and the lining of her uterus which was form in preparation of implantation is shedded during this time. The reason for this is because the eggs become dead tissue after failure to be fertilized thus needing to be discharged/buried. There are fluctuations of the hormones to regulate this cycle. The regulations are done via the brain.
Now, let's talk about death for a minute. When someone experiences the death of a love one, they often go through the stages of grief. The stages of grief are; anger, bargaining, depression, denial and then acceptance, in no particular order. Sometimes the stages of grief are repeated until the person is no longer grieving correct?
Okay, now think about what a menstrual cycle is. It is, simple put, the dying/death of a piece of a woman. So each month, a woman loses a piece of herself. Many women do not realize this and the lost is definitely more often than not subconsciously known. Therefore, woman will go through the five stages of grief aka PMS.
So the next time a woman or you, if you are a woman, goes through PMS, just give them comfort...or chocolate. Chocolate always seems to help!
Being comfortable during your cycle.
We all have experienced the uncomfortable feeling of sanitary napkins and tampons. You know, the heavy let down that makes you feel like you have bled over everything or the feeling that your lady parts are being stretched out of proportion. Well, I have some good news for you! There is an alternative to those old fashion pads and tampons. It is called a Divacup or Mooncup. They are eco-friendly and reusable. You can wear it for up to 12 hours and it is made of silicone! That means the cup forms to your shape! Isn't that wonderful!
The only downside to this is learning how to wear it correctly without leakage. Oh and the hassle of cleaning it when you need to change it in public.
But other than that, I prefer the Divacup over pads and tampons any day! I have saved so much money by switching to a Divacup! Try it and Thank me later!
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Ecofriendly feminine hygenic product for periods.
© 2016 Ife Orisha