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Useful PCOS Facts

Updated on March 11, 2010

Coping With Pcos

Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a health problem which is woman specific affecting about ten percent of women in child bearing age group.It affects women in various ways.PCOS causes disturbances in the menstrual cycle.It affects the ability of women to have children.PCOS also causes excess production of male hormones causing extra hair growth on face and other parts of the body like males.PCOS patients also suffer from sudden outbreak of acne and weight gain.The other names for this ailment PCOS are Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), Sclerocystic Ovarian Disease and Stein-Leventhal Syndrome.

The ovaries play a crucial role in the female reproductive system by producing eggs.There are two ovaries situated on either side of uterus.A woman's ovaries store the eggs in small fluid filled sacs called follicles or cysts.

Every month about 20 eggs stored in the cysts start to mature, but usually only one egg reaches full maturity.This single mature egg is released and it travels through the fallopian tube for fertilization.Ovulation occurs when the egg is released from it’s fluid filled follicles called sacs or cysts.

Generally these cysts are small in size and harmless or non cancerous.These cysts are fluid-filled sacs containing immature eggs that attach to the ovaries and cause no harm or discomfort and usually disappear on their own.Multiple cysts looking like a string of pearls,is the typical sign of PCOS affecting about ten percent of women in the reproductive age group.

Most women do not even know that they have PCOS.But some of these cysts cause pain and discomfort.Large sized cysts may press against the bladder or rectum causing urination or bowel movement problems.These cysts are also known to cause menstrual irregularities in women.Sometimes these cysts cause pain during intercourse,nausea and fever.

There are four types of ovarian cyst namely ‘serous cystadenomas’,’follicular cysts’,’dermoid cyst’ and ‘fibromas cyst’.Among these the fibromas cyst is the most common non-cancerous cyst made up of fibrous tissues.Some of these cysts may contain pieces of bone,hair or even teeth.This happens because the eggs in the cysts has the capacity and potential to produce any type of body tissue.

The exact causes of PCOS are not known.Many factors are thought to cause PCOS.Heredity may be a factor here because a woman is likely have PCOS if there is family history.Insulin resistance also thought to be a factor for PCOS.


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