What to Do for a Migraine
Living with Migraines
Ever been stuck at school or the office with a migraine and wished that you could just magically reach your bed at home without having to face that dreaded commute? Sadly, almost everyone who suffers from migraines knows this feeling.
The worst part about a migraine is that sometimes nothing can be done to get rid of it completely. It just needs to be waited out—for hours on end, sometimes maybe even days. However, there are a few ways to help ease the pain.
Why Do I Get Migraines?
Everyone's body reacts differently. While certain things can wreak havoc for some, others aren't even the slightest bit affected by them. Having dealt with migraines my entire life, I must say that I am quite envious of those who say that they can't even remember the last time that they had a headache.
People often focus on what to do after getting a migraine. However, the most important thing to concentrate on is why. Why do I get migraines? The triggers and causes of migraines generally vary from person to person. Since there is no single cause, it is highly beneficial that every person individually tries to pinpoint the exact cause. It is better to identify the cause and try to avoid it than to just focus on finding ways to deal with the problem.
Here are some of the causes of migraines:
Irregular eating habits
Skipping meals or not eating anything for long intervals of time can be harmful. For some, this just means that they are hungry; everything is back to normal immediately after eating. However, for the unlucky others, it's not that simple and can lead to hours and hours of pain.
Drinking insufficient water
Dehydration is a common cause of migraines. Drinking water regularly and in sufficient quantities can help to avoid migraines. It's helpful to keep track of your daily water intake and also try to increase it gradually.
Lack of sleep
Sleeping for less than average hours at night could cause a migraine the next day. Ideally, it is always better to sleep and wake up at the same time. Having a regular sleep schedule can be beneficial.
Too much sun
Roaming around outside in the sun, especially in the summer months, may not be the best idea. If it is unavoidable, ensure that you carry necessary accessories like a hat, a pair of sunglasses or maybe even an umbrella to protect you from the sun.
Straining your eyes
In this day and age, it is quite hard to survive a day without any screen time. However, straining yourself for hours together on phones, tablets and laptops without adequate breaks can end in severe migraines.
While travelling, it is always better to take extra precautions in case you are prone to migraines. This is because many of the common causes could very easily occur if you are not careful.
Stressful environments at school, work or home can also be to blame. Slogging for long hours to complete a task can build up stress and mental exertion. Work efficiently and try to avoid pushing things to the last minute.
Getting Relief From the Pain
Here are some ways to cope and help ease the pain.
Resting in a dark room
In the case of migraines, there is usually light sensitivity. A good way to get some relief is to lie down in a dark room away from any disturbances. Draw the curtains to prevent any outside light from getting in and switch off all room lights. Most of the time, simply turning off the lights may not be enough. A stream of light may enter from under a door or through a window, which cannot be blocked completely. This is something which would ordinarily go unnoticed. However, since having a migraine makes you overly sensitive to light, even the small, usually irrelevant things get amplified and can cause even more discomfort. Use an eye-mask, cloth or pillow to cover your eyes completely.
No sudden movements
The worst thing is being stuck somewhere and having to commute back home with a migraine. If you have the option of asking someone to take you back home, you should definitely do so. They can get you home with minimal disturbances and movements since they are aware of your condition. When commuting, the most you could do is to try putting a bit of pressure on the throbbing side and just keep breathing deeply. Even though vehicle movements are one of the worst things to deal with when you have a migraine, somehow, it can usually be managed until you reach home. I often feel that maybe it's the anticipation of reaching home and getting into bed that keeps me going. However, on reaching home, things almost always take a turn for the worse. Sometimes it's literally the moment you step in the door. At times like these, it's probably best to head straight to bed. Make sure to grab things that you might need on the way—a painkiller, water, maybe a juice, some loose-fitting clothes. You don't want to be getting out of bed unnecessarily. Be sure to do everything slowly—changing into comfortable clothes, lying down, getting up, walking, etc. Avoid bending over and moving your head too much.
Applying pressure to the side that hurts
Migraines usually affect only one side of the head at a time, though in some cases it could be both sides. Lie down on the side which hurts so that there is a bit of pressure, giving some temporary relief. Getting a head massage from your near and dear can also be soothing.
Taking a painkiller
If you're lucky, a painkiller can help get rid of the pain. A painkiller has a higher chance of being effective if taken during the early stages of the migraine.
People who have a ton of experience with migraines can probably judge when a painkiller would help and when it would not.
Using a cold compress
Using an ice pack or a cold damp cloth on your forehead can sometimes be helpful. An ice pack has a numbing effect, which helps to alleviate the pain. However, they should not be used for lengthy periods, ideally only 10-15 minutes at a time.
Even simple things like switching to the cool side of your pillow can help quite a bit.
Avoiding strong smells
Stay away from any strong smells—foods, perfumes, paints, etc. These can aggravate the migraine and cause or intensify nausea.
Migraine symptoms can increase drastically with continued use of phones, tablets, laptops or TVs. The bright lights and constant movement can aggravate the pain. Even reading and anything which cause eyestrain should be avoided.
Throwing up helps
Migraines are quite often accompanied by nausea, making them worse to deal with. You are hungry, having not eaten a thing for hours, but the sight or even thought of food is just unimaginable. At times like these, it is better to not fight the nausea and just throw up. This can get rid of the nausea feeling and often ease the pain. You can sometimes even feel almost completely better within minutes of throwing up.
Getting a good night's sleep
Often, the migraine goes away after a good sleep, and the next morning you are as good as new. Well, almost—there is usually the dull migraine hangover which lasts for a while. The problem, however, is how to sleep when your head feels like it is about to explode. Hopefully, you can first get a bit of relief from some of the already mentioned methods. If not, it is best to try and concentrate on slow, deep breathing.
Seeking help from others
Let the people around you know your struggle and tell them what helps you feel better. It is hard for people to relate if they have not experienced it, and they might not understand the severity of it. Even if they cannot help to reduce the actual pain, they can sympathize with you and make sure that you have what you need.
Find and Avoid the Triggers
Migraine sufferers—you are not alone. Try to figure out the reason or reasons that affect you. If you know of any uncommon causes which lead to your migraines, be sure to share this with others so that they too can be cautious. The best way to deal with migraines is to take care and avoid the triggers in the first place.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Lisha C