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What are Adaptogens? Definition, Uses, and Benefits

Updated on October 17, 2014
A field of ginseng
A field of ginseng | Source

History of adaptogens

Adaptogenic herbs were first studied by Russian scientists about fifty years ago. The term "adaptogen" was originally coined by a pharmacologist in the 1940s named A.V. Lazerev.

Over the past few decades, adaptogens have become a central part of naturopathic medicine, particularly in Asia where their effects are more well-known. In North America, there is continued controversy over adaptogens since the US Food and Drug Administration has not officially recognized their healing properties.

How do adaptogens work?

In spite of the research that's been done on adaptogens, scientists are still unsure about how they work. To date, most of the official studies on adaptogenic herbs have been done outside of the West. It's believed that adaptogens work in a way similar to stimulants, although the physical effects are not as pronounced. For this reason, many companies have begun including adaptogens in commercial energy drinks to boost activity levels for athletes.

Adaptogens treat "non-specific remedies," meaning they help target a variety of different physical ailments. Most contain antioxidants, which can help prevent age-related diseases like Alzheimer's and heart disease.

Adaptogenic herbs work on a microscopic level by improving the function of cells and making them respond to disease more efficiently. Most of the beneficial activity takes place via the Hypothalamic/Pituitary/Adrenal (HPA) axis, which typically regulates the immune system and the body's response to stress. By targeting the adrenal glands, adaptogens help improve the body's flight-or-fight response. People who regularly consume these herbs are able to respond to daily stresses in their lives more easily.

How to use adaptogens

Adaptogens are easy to integrate into any diet since they are non-toxic and can be found in most health food stores. They are also sold in many different forms, including capsules, teas, dried herbs, and tinctures. Some adaptogenic herbs go through many different stages before they are ready to consume. For example, red ginseng is usually peeled, boiled, and then dried before it is sold in stores.

It's a good idea to consult with a naturopathic doctor before integrating adaptogens into your diet. Only a health care professional will be able to recommend the correct dosage to treat specific physical or psychological ailments.

Benefits of using adaptogens

Adaptogens are potent healing herbs which can improve various biochemical processes in your body. The beneficial effects of these herbs are well documented by naturopathic doctors. According to alternative medicine experts, adaptogens are used to:

  • support the immune system
  • increase general strength and stamina
  • help patients resist physical exertion and improve their fatigue
  • help regulate anxiety and stress by improving the function of the nervous system
  • help counter depression
  • help with muscle weakness and pain
  • decrease the symptoms of multiple sclerosis
  • decrease inflammation in joints
  • decrease the side effects of cancer treatments, such as radiation and chemotherapy
  • reduce irritability

Jars of ginseng
Jars of ginseng | Source

Examples of adaptogens

Ginseng: Ginseng is one of the best known adaptogens, especially the Asian variety of ginseng. For centuries, it's been used to increase energy, and it's recently been shown to combat cancer, HIV, and sexual dysfunction. Beauty experts swear that ginseng has anti-aging properties when used on skin, and it can even be used to stimulate hair growth on the scalp.

Licorice root
Licorice root | Source

Licorice: This adaptogen isn't just for the candy store. The root of the licorice plant has potent healing effects and many different applications. It's commonly used to treat stomach ailments, including ulcers and inflammation in the digestive tract. For women, licorice tea can effectively reduce the pain associated with menstrual cramps. It's also helpful as a paste for a variety of skin disorders, including eczema and psoriasis.

Astragalus plant
Astragalus plant | Source

Astragalus: Astragalus is high in anti-oxidants, making it an excellent healing herb for patients of cancer or diabetes. It's a great all-around adaptogen that treats inflammation, stress, disorders of the immune system, heart disease, liver disease, and even the common cold. You can find astragalus at your local health food store as a tincture, capsule, or an ointment.

An Asian mushroom
An Asian mushroom | Source

Asian mushrooms: Asian mushrooms like shiitake and reishi also have adaptogenic properties.They're excellent sources of iron and are known to boost the immune system and lower blood cholesterol. Asian mushrooms can be eaten fresh or dried and can be incorporated into many common Western dishes, such as soups and salads.

Deepak Chopra Talks About Adaptogens


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    • skye2day profile image

      skye2day 3 years ago from Rocky Mountains

      Thank you so much for writing this fantastic article. It all makes perfect sense that adaptogens work. They are manufactured by God. On His glorious green earth. I am not surprised at all that the West has not come to a conclusion (FDA) that these herbs have so many healing benefits. That just makes no snese $.

      I am very happy to have landed here. I do not think it was by mistake. We can thank Jackie Lynley; she referred you in one of her love hubs. She is a love and and a 5 star gem in the chest of treasures. I am excited to follow you. May God so bless you as your share your wisdom and knowledge to help others. Amen sista. Keep going. My Love in the name of Jesus. Skye

      Shared! Voted!

    • 101Ways2Life profile image

      Alana Niall 3 years ago from Christchurch, New Zealand

      Very informative hub, and I found answers to my questions about ginseng here. Thank you for writing. It is unfortunate that not much research is done to discover or confirm health benefits offered by adaptogens.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      I am always interested in herbs and you have a great list here on What are Adaptogenic Herbs? Uses and Benefits sounds a helpful and unique idea for a hub.

    • connieow profile image

      Connie S Owens 4 years ago from El Cajon, CA

      I am learning how to use a few of the adpatogen herbs to improve my immune system and support a healthy thyroid. Ashwaganda and Licorice are two suggested to help. I use licorice root with ginger ground on hot cereal, in my Kefir shakes. Delicious.

      Thank you for the added information.

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 4 years ago from the short journey

      Thanks for an interesting read on healing with herbs. I've been surprised to learn about how little of an amount of certain herbs can have huge benefits for our health. Kind of silly not to realize it before now since only a little of poison herbs does great damage and even kills.