ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is Gestational Diabetes? - Why Only Pregnant Women Have This Immune System Disorder

Updated on August 3, 2017

Gestational diabetes is a disorder characterized by a high level of sugar in the blood of pregnant women even if they have no previous history of the disease. It is carbohydrate intolerance that starts during pregnancy.

Pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes because of their body's inability to regulate their sugar level due to their body's very low supply of insulin.

The insufficient supply of insulin among pregnant women could be a result of insulin resistance or it could be caused by a disease of the immune system.

Insulin resistance usually occurs on the second trimester of a woman's pregnancy and develops into a level similar to that experienced by women who are not pregnant.

Why does a pregnant woman's body become resistant to insulin?

Resistance to insulin is likely caused by the increase in body weight and the body's accumulation of fats and by the effects of the various hormones released during pregnancy that tend to inhibit the release of insulin.

When a woman is pregnant, her body releases different types of hormones that are needed by her and her growing baby. These hormones which include cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and human placental lactogen make the body resistant to insulin resulting to high level of sugar in the blood and in the cells making them unresponsive to the presence of insulin.

There is hope!

Don't worry, pregnant moms, there's hope because gestational diabetes is highly treatable. One thing you should do is to have full control of your glucose levels while you're pregnant and if you can do that successfully then you will be able to significantly decrease the risk of this disease.

First step is to carefully watch your diet. You need to plan and choose what you eat to be successful in this journey.

What is insulin and why is it important for the proper functioning of the body?

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that plays an important role in regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. It helps the cells in the liver and skeletal muscles absorb glucose from the blood.

However, because of insulin resistance, glucose cannot properly enter the cells and merely remains in the bloodstream causing the glucose content in the blood to rise.

Glucose, when it reaches the liver and skeletal muscles, is stored in those organs in the form of glycogen, and stored as triglycerides in fat tissues.

What are the characteristics of babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes?

Babies whose mothers have gestational diabetes have a greater chance of developing jaundice, they have low blood sugar level and their size at birth could be bigger than their age which could cause birth complications.

Birth complications usually occur during the 7th month of gestation and any attempt at treating these potential complication should be given during the early months or better yet on the first trimester of pregnancy.

The most frequent cause of death of a neonate whose mother has gestational diabetes is fetal macrosomia which is related to asphyxia and birth injuries. Treat the mother's gestational diabetes with insulin and the the incidence of fetal macrosomia will greatly be reduced.

Glucose screening for pregnant women with gestational diabetes

Because gestational diabetes rarely manifest symptoms, glucose screening is recommended as the best way to find out if you have gestational diabetes.

Doctors recommend a GCT or glucose challenge test somewhere between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy to find out whether a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes or not.

© 2013 Zee Mercado


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)