ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What are the Center for Disease Control's Standard Precautions for Preventing the Spread of Disease?

Updated on December 16, 2012
The CDC, Center for Disease Control
The CDC, Center for Disease Control | Source

The Standard Precautions are instructions designed by the United States Center for Disease Control to help prevent the spread of disease. The Standard Precautions are taught to all healthcare professionals and people who work with a wide variety of other people, such as teachers and social workers. However, the standard precautions are also important for everybody to follow in their daily life when interacting with strangers and in public areas.

The Standard Precautions apply to all bodily fluids except for sweat. They also apply to all non-intact skin and mucus membranes.

1. Hand washing

Hand washing is absolutely the most important measure that can be taken to prevent the spread of infectious disease. Wash your hands with the hottest water that you can stand. Lather the soap and scrub vigorously for at least 20 seconds. Don't forget to clean between your fingers, the middle of the palm of your hand, under your fingernails, and under any rings. In some settings, you may need to wash your entire forearm up to your elbow.

An open wound or laceration on the leg
An open wound or laceration on the leg | Source

2. Gloves

Gloves act as a protective barrier between you and the contaminant. However, gloves also protect others who may have open wounds from whatever contaminant is on your hands. Anyone exposed to any type of bodily fluid other than sweat should use gloves.

If you are using gloves to care for another person or to clean, be sure to remove them correctly so that you do not contaminate your hands. With one gloved hand, grasp the lower area of the glove on your other hand, near the bottom of your palm. Pull the glove up and inside out to get it off. Now, with your non-gloved hand, slide two fingers under the glove on the opposite hand by the inner part of the wrist. As you remove the glove, turn it inside out. You can then use the second glove to create a pouch for the first one. Discard the gloves in a biohazard trash can.

How to properly remove gloves

3. Clean with a 10% bleach solution

Any surface or area that has been contaminated with bodily fluids should be thoroughly cleaned. Wearing gloves, scrub the area with a solution that is ten percent bleach and ninety percent water.

If another person's bodily fluid comes in contact with your skin, wash the area immediately with soap and hot water. If an open wound is exposed, flush the immediately with hydrogen peroxide or a 10% bleach solution.

Latex gloves are important for preventing the spread of diseases like HIV and Hepatitis

4. High, medium, and low level sanitation

High Level Sanitation involves cleaning surfaces with a product labeled "sterilant" or "disinfectant glutaraldehyde". After cleaning, allow the surface to air-dry. Usually, this is only necessary in research labs, hospitals, or other medical environments.

Medium Level Sanitation requires the use of a 10% bleach solution or a hospital disinfectant labeled "tuberculocidal". This would be necessary in a spa, gym, public bathroom. or other public areas.

Low Level Sanitation requires washing the surface with hot, soapy water and allowing it to air-dry.

More information on Standard Precautions, First Aid, and CPR

Alexander's Care of the Patient in Surgery
Alexander's Care of the Patient in Surgery

A textbook that includes using standard precautions in hospital settings.

 

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • stephaniedas profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephanie Das 

      5 years ago from Miami, US

      Thanks for commenting. Bleach was my best friend when I was housetraining my new puppy. He was trained quickly because the 10% bleach solution eliminated the odor of his previous accidents, and he learned to go outside.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      5 years ago

      It's interesting how bleach eliminates most of the bacteria and germs that exist. Thanks for the information here and the education.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)