ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Congenital Heart Defects

Updated on July 5, 2016

What are the different types of congenital heart defects?

Congenital heart defects are described in this section, with special emphasis on the surgical treatment options for each type of CHD.

* Atrial Septal Defect - ASD

A defect in the wall between the left and right atrium that causes a shunt of blood inside the heart resulting in increased lung blood flow.

* Coarctation of Aorta - CoA

A narrowing in the aorta at the region of the isthmus of the aorta that can cause high blood pressure, left ventricle failure and much more.

* Double Outlet Right Ventricle - DORV

A more complex defect caused by the aorta arising from the right ventricle, it can mimic many different conditions clinically.

* Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome - HLHS

Caused by a general under-development of the left sided heart structures, this severe condition is recently being treated with improving outcomes.

* Pulmonary Stenosis - PS

Narrowing of the pulmonary valve that guards the opening to the pulmonary artery causes a strain on the right ventricle with harmful effects.

* Patent Ductus Arteriosus - PDA

This abnormal persistence of a communication between the aorta and pulmonary artery results in an excessive lung blood flow.

* Tricuspid Atresia - TA

When the tricuspid valve is imperforate from birth, there is only one functional ventricle. Treatment is by a Fontan operation.

* Transposition of Great Arteries - TGA

When the aorta and pulmonary arteries arise from the "wrong" ventricles, there is a mixing of pure and impure blood with harmful effects.

* Ventricular Septal Defect - VSD

The wall between the two ventricles has a defect in this condition resulting in blood going from the left ventricle into the right, causing more lung blood flow.

* Coarctation of the Aorta

A short account of this disease that narrows the great artery of the body.

* Arterial Switch Operation for TGA

A simple explanation of this elegant operation for transposed great arteries, a complex birth defect of the heart.

* Palliative Operations for Tetralogy of Fallot

A short account of the various shunt procedures that pave the way to later corrective surgery.

* Mustard Operation for TGA Options for RV failure

Right ventricle failure in the long term is a limiting factor in the success of atrial switch for TGA. An account of options available in this situation.

* Outcome after Mustard Operation for TGA

The older atrial switch operation for TGA has many survivors. A look at what kind of outcome can be expected for them.

* Ebstein's Anomaly

A simple description of this complex cyanotic heart disease and methods of it's treatment.

* Patent Ductus Arteriosus

A look at a common birth defect of the heart, an abnormal connection between the two great arteries the aorta and pulmonary artery.

* Pulmonary Autograft (Ross Operation) for Aortic Stenosis

Using the patient's own pulmonary valve to replace a diseased aortic valve combines advantages of a homograft with the benefits of using autologous tissue.

* Congenital Heart Disease and Pregnancy

This article deals with the impact that birth defects of the heart have on the course of a pregnancy, and discusses some specific conditions in pregnancy.

* VSD Treatment Options

Treatment options for this common birth defect of the heart are discussed.

* Ventricular Septal Defect

A simple explanation of a birth defect caused by a hole between two ventricles of the heart.

CHD Info

CHD Kids

CHD Awareness Day

CHD Awareness

Life changing. There is no cure.

A Day For Hearts

A DAY FOR HEARTS gives the chance to take on a humane cause: Promoting Awareness of Congenital Heart Defects.

Congenital Heart Defects (CHD) are a lethal constellation of birth defects of the heart that affect millions of newborn infants and children worldwide; a killer that claims thousands of lives every year. Eight of every 1000 children born alive (0.8%) will have some form of congenital heart defect.

On this special day, February 14th, A DAY FOR HEARTS, a concerted global effort is being made to heighten awareness of this deadly group of diseases. I support this event by offering information, resources and support to those whose lives have been touched by Congenital Heart Defects.

CHD : The Facts

* Occurs in 8 of every 1,000 live births

* About 3,00,000 Indians born with CHD each year

* 32,000 babies with CHD every year in the U.S. alone

* Atleast 35 distinct forms recognized

* Mortality from CHD is decreasing

* But CHD incidence has not declined.

CHD Information & Resources - The most comprehensive site for CHD-related resources

Congenital heart defects are responsible for more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects, the National Institutes of Health reports. This site is devoted to providing information to members of the world-wide congenital heart defect (CHD) community.

47 Hearts - How to Live Your Dream Life With Passion, Purpose & Persistence

t Is a Story of Passion, a Tale of Purpose, a Saga of Persistence.

It is about how you too can turn a life of meaningless meandering into one of purposeful passion - and see all your dreams come true!

"47 Hearts" is a short, sweet and superbly compiled collection of 47 deeply inspiring and incredibly powerful principles that will change the way you think, work and live. It is about how an Indian heart surgeon's childhood daydream evolved over time to become a life-defining mission that touched 47 little hearts - and saved the lives of children born with Congenital Heart Defects (CHD).

The 47 simple principles in this book will positively impact your ability to reach your goals, no matter how ambitious or "impossible" they seem today.

Written for men and women, of all ages

Suitable for all experience levels

You will refer back to it year after year

This is a book you will thank later when you magically find your progress towards success picking up speed and effortlessly overcoming any hurdles along the way.

Here's what some readers say about "47 Hearts":

47 Hearts: How to Live Your Dream Life With Passion, Purpose & Persistence
47 Hearts: How to Live Your Dream Life With Passion, Purpose & Persistence
A system for making a real difference in the world. Everyone needs to read and practice "47 Ways."
47 Hearts
47 Hearts
"Dr. Mani's new book is a GEM. Actually, let me correct it - every page in the book is a GEM"

CHD Awareness Ribbon

Congenital Heart Defects Awareness Ribbon Magnet by Magnet America is 6.875" x 4.5" Made for Vehicles and Refrigerators
Congenital Heart Defects Awareness Ribbon Magnet by Magnet America is 6.875" x 4.5" Made for Vehicles and Refrigerators
Congenital Heart Defects Awareness Ribbon Magnet. These realistic ribbon magnets will help you spread awareness for your cause. Support your cause by placing an awareness ribbon magnet on your vehicle. Dimensions: 4 1/2" x 7"

CHD Awareness Books

Heart Warriors: A Family Faces Congenital Heart Disease
Heart Warriors: A Family Faces Congenital Heart Disease
Five months pregnant, Amanda Adams and her husband were given two abysmal choices regarding her pregnancy: force her baby to fight for his life through countless invasive and dangerous surgeries, or perform a late term abortion. Despite the fact that Liam was missing half his heart, Amanda chose life.
Silent Cries - Pilot Episode
Silent Cries - Pilot Episode
Emma's cries were indeed silent as she lay in a hospital crib on a vent for months, struggling for each breath. But thanks to research and dedicated physicians, Emma laughs aloud today. Please help us keep that laughter alive!
Illustrated Field Guide to Congenital Heart Disease and Repair - Pocket Sized
Illustrated Field Guide to Congenital Heart Disease and Repair - Pocket Sized
Great book! It is well organized and in color, which is helpful for determining the oxygenation of blood. My whole unit uses this book and the pocket-sized version makes it handy to carry around the unit as a resource. Very useful charts in the back of the book of common medications with ped dosages, adverse effects, etc. Any Peds RN going into Cardio ICU should have this book!
Congenital Heart Disease: The Catheterization Manual
Congenital Heart Disease: The Catheterization Manual
"Pediatric congenital heart disease is the focus of this book. This manual provides an operational overview of a pediatric cardiac catheterization laboratory as well as a guide for percutaneous, catheter-based cardiac catheterization techniques. … It will be of interest to students, technicians, physicians in training, and pediatric cardiologists. It may also be of interest to cardiac catheterization laboratory personnel, such as nurses and technicians, who work closely with pediatric cardiologists in the laboratory.

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)