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Foot Care In Diabetes

Updated on March 12, 2020
Kulsum Mehmood profile image

Kulsum Mehmood is an Eye Consultant. She is single mother and a philanthropist. She is an Eye Consultant in a Private Eye Institute.

Care Of Feet In Diabetics

  • Foot ulcers result ultimately in amputations.
  • Over 5% of Indians having diabetes have a foot problem.
  • Worldwide leg amputations due to diabetic feet occur upto 70%.

Feet are affected in diabetes because nerves and blood vessels in the legs are involved.Toxic deposits results from the elevated blood glucose levels. These toxins are deposited in the nerves and they interfere with the circulation of the blood. Diabetics suffer from a burning sensation often in the feet and legs.

Get Help as soon as possible

Because of neuropathy i.e. lack in sensation in the feet, diabetics often neglect foot wounds. Blood vessels narrow down due to cholesterol deposits in their walls and obstruct circulation. In diabetic patients, As a result, the person can suffer from gangrene in the leg. A leg bypass surgery helps preserve blood circulation and thus stops the progression of gangrene that may have begun with an ulcer.

Actually, diabetes has an impact on almost every part of the body - the heart, kidneys, eyes and nerves. A simple blister, if untreated can develop into an abscess, a non - healing wound, even gangrene.

Prevent early

Losing a foot is a very tragic occurrence and should be prevented at all costs..

Regular care of the feet on daily basis

Feet should be examined thoroughly every day for blisters, cuts and scratches. Consult your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following danger signs :

  • Swelling
  • Colour change of a nail, toe, or part of a foot
  • Throbbing pain
  • Thickening of skin
  • Corns on the feet
  • Breaks in the skin, including cracks and blisters


Life - long foot care in diabetics

Foot problem in diabetics occur so gradually that people do not realize they have a foot problem in the first place. The trouble may start from a small cut or a blister and spread out to become a non – healing ulcer and a wound. Soon infection sets in and the interference with the blood circulation coupled with numbness of foot due to neuropathy leads to a formation and spreading of a gangrene. And, amputation of the gangrenous foot may have to be carried out with all its social and economic implications.

So, it is a good idea to start early. Do not neglect a small crack, blister, or an ulcer on the feet. Keep the feet clean and dry. Wear clean, soft socks and well – fitting footwear. Do not walk bare – foot in the house too.Beware of foot injuries. Keep your feet dry.

85% of foot amputations are preventable. Diabetics should get early treatment for foot wounds in time…..

foot care in diabetes


Risk factors in diabetes

Since Diabetics are prone to neuropathy of the legs, the feet become numb and have less sensations save that of burning. Any injury to the feet go unnoticed by the patient and tend to enlargen. A small cut or abrasion becomes bigger with time and can get infected. Due to disturbance in the circulation of blood, color changes occur in the limb and gradually a gangrene sets in. The gangrenous feet in due course of time leads to amputation.

Good News :

The good news for Diabetics is that with a constant vigilance regarding control of diabetes with regular treatment, medication, control of blood sugar, regular diet - control and exercises, and regular follow – up with a good diabetologist, one can lead a normal healthy life and even hope for longevity. Usually diabetics are also hypertensive. Proper care and treatment of blood pressure and cardiac condition if any need to be supervised as well.

© 2008 Dr Kulsum Mehmood


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    • vnsatakopan profile image

      Dr.Vangeepuram Navaneetham Satakopan 

      8 years ago from Chennai, India

      Great information. Somehow, people forget about their feet while having diabetes.

    • Kulsum Mehmood profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Kulsum Mehmood 

      10 years ago from Nagpur, India

      Thanks for your comment patdmania.

    • patdmania profile image


      10 years ago from waterford, mi

      I see this all the time as a paramedic. When diabetics wait too long to get treated. The leg becomes infected and sepsis sets in. It can be gross if left alone to long.

    • Kulsum Mehmood profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Kulsum Mehmood 

      11 years ago from Nagpur, India

      ThanQ HealthyHanna for your comment.

    • HealthyHanna profile image


      11 years ago from Utah

      Good information. Thanks. I am goint to link to it from my site.

    • olaoyemi profile image


      11 years ago

      Thanks a lot.I have been suffering from diabetes for long and to let you know my plight,I inherited it from my parent.I am very grateful for this information.

    • profile image

      M Morse 

      11 years ago

      Wow, I have Charcot Marie Tooth and these pictures just scared the crap out of me. Glad I bought my RX Crocs to help out.

    • profile image

      diabetic foot care 

      11 years ago

      My father, when I was younger, had diabetes. I can remember him having those same kinds of sores on the bottom of his feet. The amount of pain he must have gone through almost kills me. The most interesting thing is that he was Indian and I will bet that those problems he had could have been prevented. Those pictures are worth a thousand words. Don't put off taking care of your feet.

    • Kulsum Mehmood profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Kulsum Mehmood 

      12 years ago from Nagpur, India

      Hi Jeniferr. Thank you for stopping by.

    • Jeniferr profile image


      12 years ago from United States

      Wow, those pictures are alarming to say the least. This is a very effective way to get diabetics to pay attention to their feet. I'm speechless.

    • agvulpes profile image


      12 years ago from Australia

      Kulsum Mehmood, good information on the feet of diabetic. I do not think enough doctors stress how important foot health is for the diabetic. A friend of mine lost his leg for the very reason he did not feel an injury that he had suffered.


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