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Your Kidneys and How You Can Keep them Healthy

Updated on August 19, 2014

Your Kidneys and How You Can Keep them Healthy

“A further sign of health is that we don't become undone by fear and trembling, but we take it as a message that it's time to stop struggling and look directly at what's threatening us. ” - Pema Chodron, The Places that Scare You

THE KIDNEYS

The pair of organs that eliminate wastes from the body as urine are known as kidneys. The human kidneys are located at the back wall of the abdominal cavity, on either side of the spine below the diaphragm. Each brownish kidney is about 4.5 inches (11 centimeters) long, 2-3 inches (5-7.5) wide, and merely 1 inch (2.5cm) thick. Surrounding each kidney are two protective layers of tissue: a thin, tough, inner layer of connective tissue, and a thicker outer layer of fat. The kidneys produce urine continuously. Depending on the person’s diet, they produce from 20-48 ounces (0.6-1.4 l) of urine everyday. From each kidney, the urine travels through a tube, the ureter, to the urinary bladder, where it is stored. When the bladder is full, the urine is eliminated through the urethra. The tissue portion of the kidney consists of two principal layers: an outer layer is called the cortex and an inner layer called medulla. The tissue of the cortex and most of the medulla is composed of subunits called nephrons. They are grouped into about 10 large, compact, cone-shaped clusters sharing common blood supply and urine channels, the pyramids. The urinary outlets from each pyramid discharge from the cone-shaped tip or papilla, on the medullar surface opposite the cortex. The papilla protrudes into a sac, the renal pelvis, which is located at the edge of the kidney facing the spine and an expansion of the upper end of the ureter.

How to keep your kidneys healthy

  1. Drink 8 –10 glasses of water everyday.
  2. Avoid excessive intake of protein and calcium rich foods.
  3. Have your blood pressure check regularly.
  4. Exercise daily.
  5. Have a urinalysis 2 - 3 times a year.
  6. Avoid exposure to various chemicals such as insecticides, poisons and solvents. These can harm and injure kidney cells.
  7. Be aware that primarily the kidneys excrete almost all drugs and that prolonged use of certain drugs can be harmful to the kidneys.
  8. Pay attention to draining wounds and burns. It may lead to a generalized toxic reaction sepsis.
  9. Avoid and treat immediately infections such as sore throat, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, rheumatic fever and hemorrhagic fever, which may produce progressive renal damage.
  10. Take special precaution to insure that you receive the right blood during transfusions to avoid transfusion reactions, which may precipitate renal complications.
  11. In cases of emergencies and accidents, seek immediate medical care to prevent and treat shock.
  12. Don’t ignore the urge to urinate.


Kidneys

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Functions of the Human Kidneys

FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN KIDNEY

The major function of the kidney is the formation of urine. Urine formation serves the following principal functions:

  1. It eliminates waste product of body metabolism together with many drugs.
  2. It regulates the plasma’s content of sodium chloride, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphate ions;
  3. It regulates the body’s base balance;
  4. It regulates the volume of blood plasma and tissue fluids by controlling secretion of water.The kidney also plays important roles in other body activities. It influences the formation of red blood cells, stimulates the formation of some steroids, helps control blood pressure, controls bone growth by converting vitamin D into biologically active forms, and affects many of the substances involved in metabolism.

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    • Roldan Mercado profile image

      Roldan Mercado 

      2 years ago

      Mercado, Mark Roldan L.

      BSBA 1-1

      Kidney on my other research I found the 7 secrets to keeping your kidney healthy. First hydrate, but don’t overdo it. “Contrary to popular belief, no studies have proven over-hydration as an effective practice in enhancing kidney function,” says nephrologist James Simon, MD. So, while it’s always a good idea to drink enough water, drinking more than the typical four to six glasses a day probably won’t help your kidneys do their job any better. Second eat healthy foods. Your kidneys can tolerate a wide range of dietary habits, but Dr. Simon points out that most kidney problems arise out of other medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes. Because of this, he suggests you follow healthy, moderate eating habits to control weight and blood pressure. Preventing diabetes and high blood pressure will help keep kidneys in good condition. Third xercise regularly. If you’re healthy, getting your exercise is a good idea because, like healthy eating habits, regular physical activity can stave off weight gain and high blood pressure. But do be mindful of how much exercise you do, especially if you’re not conditioned.“Overexerting yourself when you’re not fit and healthy can put a strain on your kidneys, especially if you exercise so much that you cause excessive breakdown of muscle tissue,”. 4th Use caution with supplements and herbal remedies. Excessive amounts of certain vitamin supplements and some herbal extracts may be harmful to your kidneys. Talk to your doctor about any vitamins and herbs you plan to take. 5th Quit smoking. Smoking can damage blood vessels, which decreases the flow of blood in the kidneys. When the kidneys don’t have adequate blood flow, they can’t function at optimal levels. Smoking also increases the risk of high blood pressure as well as the risk of kidney cancer. 6th Don’t overdo it when taking over-the-counter medications. “Common non-prescription pills like ibuprofen and naproxen (NSAID’s) can cause kidney damage if taken too regularly over a prolonged period,” Dr. Simon says. If you have healthy kidneys and use these medicines for occasional pain, they probably don’t pose a risk. But Dr. Simon says that if you take them for chronic pain or arthritis, you should talk to your doctor about monitoring your kidney function or finding alternative ways to control your pain. 7th If you’re at risk, get regular kidney function screening. “If you have either diabetes or high blood pressure, your physician should screen for kidney dysfunction as part of routine care for those conditions,”

    • Guia Mananghaya profile image

      Guia Angeli Mananghaya 

      2 years ago from Baliuag, Bulacan

      Guia Angeli Mananghaya BSBA1-1

      The body is made of different systems that help maintain daily functions. One of these many systems is the Excretory System. The primary organs in this system are the lungs, kidneys, and skin. Of most of these organs, the Kidneys are overlooked. They are very important to the body and accomplish many tasks everyday.

      Kidneys usually come in pairs, although sometimes you can live with just one. They look like a kidney bean and each one is about 5 inches long and about 3 inches wide. One is about the size or a fist or a computer mouse. They are located in the lower back near the twelfth rib. It sits within perirenal fat and renal fascia that protect against injury

      There are many jobs that the kidney does. One of them is getting rid of wastes and making urine. When your blood delivers nutrients to your body, chemical reactions occur in the cells of the body to break down nutrients. Some waste is the result of the chemical reactions and some is stuff that the body does not need. Blood is carried into the kidneys by the renal artery. About 400 gallons of recycled blood are pumped through them everyday. The waste is then collected out of the blood by tiny filters, or nephrons, inside the kidneys. There are about over one milliion nephrons inside each kidney. The waste collected, combines with water to make urine. As this happens, the urine slides down a long tube, the ureter, and collects in the bladder, a storage sac that holds the urine. When the bladder is about halfway full, the body tells the person they need to go to the bathroom. When you do this, the urine goes from the bladder to another tube, the urethra, and out of the body.

    • profile image

      Krischarm david BSBA1-1 

      2 years ago

      The kidneys perform the essential function of removing waste products from the blood and regulating the water fluid levels. The diagram below shows the basic structure of the kidney. The kidneys receive blood through the renal artery.

      The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body. They reside against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. They sit opposite each other on either side of the spine.

      Your kidneys are important because they do three essential things:

      1. Kidneys regulate water

      For your body to work properly, it must contain just the right amount of water. One of the important jobs of the kidneys is to remove excess water from the body or to retain water when the body needs more.

      2. Kidneys remove waste products and help to balance the body's minerals

      Many of the substances in the blood and other body fluids must be kept at the correct level for the body to function properly. For example, sodium (salt) and potassium are minerals that come from food. The body needs these minerals for good health, but they must be kept at certain levels. When the kidneys are working properly, extra minerals, such as sodium and potassium, leave your body in the urine. The kidneys also help to adjust the levels of other minerals, such as calcium and phosphate (which are important for bone strength, growth and other functions).

      Your kidneys help remove waste products, such as urea and creatinine, from your body. Urea and other wastes are made when the body breaks down protein, such as meat. Creatinine is a waste product of the muscles. As kidney function decreases, the levels of urea and creatinine in the blood increase. The creatinine level in the blood is a very useful measure of kidney function. It is measured by a simple blood test.

      3. Kidneys produce hormones

      Normal kidneys also make important chemicals in your body called hormones. These hormones circulate in the bloodstream like “messengers” and regulate blood pressure, red blood cell production and the calcium balance in your body.

    • Jairah Garcia profile image

      Jairah Garcia 

      2 years ago

      Jairah Garcia BSA 1-4

      Kidneys filter out excess water and urea. Without them, toxic material in our body would freely flow in it.

      It is important to learn what kidney is and to learn how to take care of them so we would avoid future complications with it.

      Learning it is also important for my course because I know that it would be an advantage for me in the future for there are many businesses about our excretory system.

    • Eunice Maranan profile image

      Eunice Maranan 

      2 years ago

      Eunice S. Maranan, BSA 1-3.

      Kidneys just like the heart are small in size and about only the size of your fist. Our kidneys remove waste such as the water which is too much in the body. It immediately became urine when the kidneys process the excess water in the body. We must give enough care about our kidneys because even though its just a small organ compared with the other organs it still have a vital role in the human system. Accountants should know if their clients are healthy by seeing their appearance. We must also take care of ourselves in order to live longer and happier.

    • Rolaine Ingalla profile image

      Rolaine Ann Ingalla 

      2 years ago

      BSA 1-3 INGALLA, Rolaine Ann B. The kidney eliminates the body toxins. It is also the strainer of our body. In business, what we should regulate or eliminate is the overspending because this may result to bankruptcy of the business.

    • kimberlymagtalas profile image

      Kimberly Anne DC Magtalas 

      2 years ago

      Kimberly Anne DC. Magtalas BSA 1-3

      We need our kidneys to live, just like we need our heart, lungs and liver. They are only about the size of your fist, but they have lots of important jobs to do. For our body to work properly, it must contain just the right amount of water. One of the important jobs of the kidneys is to remove excess water from the body or to retain water when the body needs more.

    • profile image

      Levie Ignacio 

      2 years ago

      Ignacio, Victor Levie G. (BSA 1-3)

      The Kidney have an important role of separating the nutrition from the waste inside our body. As we intake foods and drinks, it is the one that separates the nutrition and waste. Just like a garbage man separates the waste which can be recycled and not, if the waste are not separated, our body can be damage or infected by the things we intake. Because we all know we need food and water to survive. But without the help of separating it, it is like we just ate a garbage then putting it inside out body.

    • profile image

      sharine kate maghinay 

      2 years ago

      sharine kate maghinay BSBA 1-1 The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. They remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism. Kidneys are essential to the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining the salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol and erythropoietin. An important enzyme renin is also produced in the kidneys which acts in negative feedback.

      Located at the rear of the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneal space, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter which empties into the bladder.

      Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction.[1] Various cancers of the kidney exist. The most common adult renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Cancers, cysts, and some other renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney. This is known as nephrectomy. When renal function, measured by the glomerular filtration rate, is persistently poor, dialysis and kidney transplantation may be treatment options. Although they are not normally harmful, kidney stones can be extremely painful.

    • abigail galvez019 profile image

      abigail galvez019 

      2 years ago

      Abigail B. Galvez BSBA 1-1

      Your nervous system is what creates feeling and movement throughout your body. Basically, the nervous system carries signals from your brain to other parts of your body so you can function.The kidneys perform their life-sustaining job of filtering and returning to the bloodstream about 200 quarts of fluid every 24 hours. About two quarts are removed from the body in the form of urine, and about 198 quarts are recovered. The urine we excrete has been stored in the bladder for anywhere from 1 to 8 hours.In order to protect our kidney,we can take some supplement,to prevent kind of implication.

    • ismaellozano123 profile image

      John Ismael Espino Lozano 

      2 years ago from Baliuag Bulacan Philippines

      Lozano, John Ismael E. (BSA 1-2)

      For me kidney is important to the human body because without it, nitrogenous wastes would build up in blood and tissues to toxic levels. The kidney is very important to our body and only has a few parts. In a similar way to removing solid waste from our body, we must also get rid of fluids. The kidney removes the potentially toxic substances that accumulate from metabolic processes. we can protect it by eating the right foods for us. we should consult a doctor for a sure health for our kidney and don't abuse this organ.

    • profile image

      Marela Salonga 

      2 years ago

      Salonga, Marela Kym S. Salonga BSA 1-2

      Kidney diseases are silent killers, which will largely affect your quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease. xercising regularly and controlling weight are just two of the ten ways keep your kidneys healthy.

      10 Ways to Keep Kidneys Healthy

      • Exercise regularly

      • Don't overuse over-the-counter painkillers or NSAIDs

      • Control weight

      • Get an annual physical

      • Follow a healthful diet

      • Know your family's medical history

      • Monitor blood pressure & cholesterol

      • Learn about kidney disease

      • Don't smoke or abuse alcohol

      • Talk to your doctor about getting tested if you're at risk for CKD

    • profile image

      Kate Ivy Cruz 

      2 years ago

      Cruz, Kate Ivy F.

      BSA 1-3

      Kidneys are each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of human, mammals, birds, and reptiles, excreting urine. Eating too salty food can destroy our kidneys and if the kidneys are being harmed it must be something serious because it filter waste products, chemicals, and unneeded water from the blood. Drinking 8 –10 glasses of water everyday, drinking is good for kidneys because by drinking we replaced the lost water in our body. In the future, as an accountant you are considered as worker and being a worker you need to be physically healthy so you can perform your job well.

    • profile image

      Reyes, Ma. Isabel C. BSBA1-1 

      2 years ago

      We need your kidneys to live, just like we need our heart, lungs and liver. The main job of the kidneys is to filter wastes and extra water out of your blood to make urine. The wastes in our blood come from the normal breakdown of active muscle and from the food we eat. Our body uses the food for energy and self-repair. After our body has taken what it needs from the food, waste is sent to the blood. If our kidneys did not remove these wastes, the wastes would build up in the blood and damage your body.

    • profile image

      Ellanour A. Tabula 

      2 years ago

      ELLANOUR A. TABULA BSBA 1-1

      ur kidneys filter the blood that circulates through our bodies, separating out water and waste products of metabolism from the blood and excreting them through the urinary tract. It’s a huge undertaking, and the kidneys require an alkaline environment in order to do the job right. The diet, stress levels, and medications described above all contribute to a body chemistry that is highly acidic, and one that is completely unfavorable to kidney health. And this days many researches had invented some suplements for kidney deases and as business woman I can handle the marketing strategies to promote those products.

    • profile image

      Diana Angeles 

      2 years ago

      Angeles, Diana P.

      BSA1-4

      We know that the kidney is very important part of our body. So we need protect while we are young because when we get older the function of our kidneys slower because of the slower metabolism. We need to drink plenty glass, balance diet , do not take cigarettes or alcoholic for our kidney filter fluidly because there is no bad chemicals that may harm in it.

    • profile image

      Mariella Delapaz Bs Psy 

      2 years ago

      Everyday we take a lot of wastes in our body by the food that had been ingested. For us to be able to excret them, we are given an organ that can filter those wastes. And that's our kidney. Many people are having a problem in terms of their kidneys. Why? It is because they abuse their organ. They drink a lot of alcohols and eat salty or even fatty foods that is not healthy for our Kidneys. Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and re-absorption. This process is necessary to maintain a stable balance of body chemicals.

      The critical regulation of the body's salt, potassium and acid content is performed by the kidneys. The kidneys also produce hormones that affect the function of other organs. For example, a hormone produced by the kidneys stimulates red blood cell production. Other hormones produced by the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and control calcium metabolism. The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions:

      remove waste products from the body, remove drugs from the body,

      balance the body's fluids, release hormones that regulate blood pressure, produce an active form of vitamin D that promotes strong, healthy bones, control the production of red blood cells.

    • profile image

      Castro, Theanna Giomarie M. BSA1-3 

      2 years ago

      The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long- about the size of a fist. The kidneys' function are to filter the blood. All the blood in our bodies passes through the kidneys several times a day. The kidneys remove wastes, control the body's fluid balance, and regulate the balance of electrolytes. As the kidneys filter blood, they create urine, which collects in the kidneys' pelvis -- funnel-shaped structures that drain down tubes called ureters to the bladder. Each kidney contains around a million units called nephrons, each of which is a microscopic filter for blood. Our kidneys do some important jobs to keep your body healthy. They balance our body fluids, regulate body water and important minerals in your blood, remove waste products from your blood, remove drugs and toxins from your body, and release hormones into your blood, which control blood pressure, make red blood cells and keep your bones healthy.

    • profile image

      Ciara Jane Nicole S. Velasquez 

      2 years ago

      Velasquez, Ciara Jane Nicole S.

      BSA 1-2

      Kidneys are shaped like beans that are about the size of our fist. It works as our bodies’ waste expeller as our urinary system removes urea, a waste from our blood. In addition to that, it also acts as a key hormone producing organ as it produces hormones that stimulate the production of our Red Blood Cells by preventing their premature death, preserving other cells that have been injured due to the lack of blood flow. It also serves as our blood pressure’s regulator for it is designed to measure the pressure of the blood that pushes them. If the pressure head is low, our kidneys hold onto the fluid to maintain the blood pressure because of its ability to adapt in the rise and fall of our blood pressure.

      However, we cannot ensure that our kidneys would continue to function the way they normally do. As inevitable as it could be our kidneys may cease to function well either because of aging, illnesses or from the injury it suffers. These problems can range from minor to life-threatening, but it can be prevented by monitoring our blood pressure, staying in our target cholesterol range, eating less salt and salt substitutes, frequent drinking of water and taking medications as prescribed if we are already suffering from a urinary tract problem.

    • profile image

      Larra Erespe 

      2 years ago

      ERESPE, Larra Ellaine Calderon

      BSA 1-2

      Kidneys. It is a pair of bean-shaped organ that eliminates the waste of the body through the production of urine. If kidneys are not taken care of, various diseases may be experienced by an individual and worst it may lead him to death.

      So until we are not yet having a kidney ailment, we must take care of it by eating the proper food and having a healthy lifestyle. So that, we can reach all of our dreams as time goes by.

    • profile image

      Anamir Carillo 

      2 years ago

      BSA 1-3 Carillo, Anamir B.

      Kidneys perform the essential function of removing waste products from the blood and regulating the water fluid levels. It was discussed that there are several ways to keep our kidneys healthy. Though kidneys secrete or remove the waste from our body through the urine, there are also other functions such us influences the formation of the RBC and helps control the blood pressure. Just like in accounting, we keep updated our financial statements to make it clear and we keep the old ones that are no longer needed.

    • profile image

      Jedah San Miguel 

      2 years ago

      Jedah San Miguel, BSA 1-2

      The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body. They reside against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. They sit opposite each other on either side of the spine. The right kidney sits a little bit lower than the left to accommodate the liver. When it comes to components of the urinary system, the kidneys are multi-functional powerhouses of activity. Some of the core actions of the kidneys includes waste excretion, water level balancing, blood pressure regulation, red blood cell regulation and acid regulation.

    • profile image

      Diseree Olyssa Salas BSBA 1-1 

      2 years ago

      A balanced diet ensures you get all the minerals and vitamins your body needs. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables and grains, such as wholewheat pasta, bread and rice. Don't eat too much salty or fatty food.

    • profile image

      Lyn Cel Marie Felipe 

      2 years ago

      Felipe, Lyn Cel Marie

      Nowadays healthy living is hard to do because of the new things that make life easier that lead us into some harmful things. For example, computer games it make some people to be more involve in computer gadgets and forget the outside activity that we do in the past like biking or playing in the street with friends, this result to less exercise for our body. There are also things people use that brings them pleasure like cigarette or drinking alcohol. One part of the body that eliminate waste is the kidney. We need to protect this by starting to live healthy, eat healthy to also avoid other sickness that may damage the entire body.

    • Crislyn Roxas profile image

      Crislyn Roxas 

      2 years ago

      Roxas, Crislyn Joy D. BSA 1-3

      It's important to take good care of our kidney because it clears waste from our body that aren't needed. Just like in accounting, we have a lot of things to learn. We have to strain all these information and get what only need in our studies and don't pay attention to those that will hindrance our goal of learning

    • Erissa Feliciano profile image

      Erissa Feliciano 

      2 years ago from Angat, Bulacan

      Erissa Joy P. Feliciano

      BSA 1-4

      Your kidneys help to clear waste from your body. Making simple lifestyle changes can keep them healthy. To keep your kidney to be healthy, Eat healthily because balanced diet ensures you get all the minerals and vitamins your body needs. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables and grains, such as wholewheat pasta, bread and rice. Don't eat too much salty or fatty food.

    • profile image

      Fatima Valenzuela 

      2 years ago

      Valenzuela, Fatima E. BSA 1-2

      The kidneys are important organs with many functions in the body, including producing hormones, absorbing minerals, and filtering blood and producing urine. Kidney is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron filters a small amount of blood. kidney is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. You can do a number of things to keep your kidneys functioning properly and keep them as healthy as possible at every stage of life. Hydrate, but don’t overdo it, eat healthy foods, exercise regularly, use caution with supplements and herbal remedies, quit smoking, Don’t overdo it when taking over-the-counter medications, and if you’re at risk, get regular kidney function screening.

    • prinzzes celine profile image

      prinzzes celine 

      2 years ago

      Prinzzes Celine J. Bartolome BSA 1-4

      Kidney is a organs present in usually ner in the spine,that function in cleansing the blood of uric acid,urea and other metabolic wastes.In humans,they are bean shaped.The interior surface of the kidney is lined with the pelvis renalis or renal pelvis which is continous with the lining of the ureter.

    • Reicee Salvador profile image

      Reicee Ann Salvador 

      2 years ago

      Reicee Ann P. Salvador

      BSA 1-4

      In humans and most vertebrates, the kidneys are the major organs for excretion. They are bean-shaped organs found at the lower part of the black, just above the hips. Their main functions are to remove urea and other wastes, and carry out osmoregulation, which means that they regulate the amount of water in the blood. The wastes that are mostly removed in the blood are urea and uric acid. Urea is produced in the liver from proteins that are broken down, while uric acid is a product of cell activity. Each kidney has around a million nephrons, which serve as its functional filtering units.

      Nephrons help control the amount of water, salt, glucose and mineral in the body. A nephron consists of a glomerulus, which is a tiny ball-shaped network of capillaries that serve as the main structure in the filtration process. The glomerulus is enclosed by a structure called the Bowman’s capsule which extends into structures and loops that are connected to a series of tubules which leads all the way into a long, narrow tube called ureter. The ureter is connected to each kidney.

      Removing urea and other waste in the blood begins with the process of filtration. Waste from the blood is strained in the nephrons. However, other important organic molecules such as glucose and water are also being filtered. That is why the next step is reabsorption. In this process, nutrients are reabsorbed and are returned to the blood. Wastes such as urea that were not reabsorbed constitute the urine.

      The urine the passes through the ureter goes to the urinary bladder that acts as the reservoir of urine. Once it is filled with urine, the bladder contracts and pushes the urine out through the urethra, which is located at the lower end of the bladder. The process of expelling urine is called urination

    • Rovy Kim Taruc profile image

      Rovy Kim Taruc 

      2 years ago

      Rovy Kim Taruc BSBA 1-1

      One of a pair of vertebrate organs situated in the body cavity near the spinal column that excrete waste products of metabolism, in humans are bean-shaped organs about 41⁄2 inches (111⁄2 centimeters) long lying behind the peritoneum in a mass of fatty tissue, and consist chiefly of nephrons by which urine is secreted, collected, and discharged into a main cavity whence it is conveyed by the ureter to the bladder.

      Kidney is very important to us. Because it help us to clean our liquid waste. Some of us have one kidney because some of them has kidney failure because of the food that they eat. We can donate our 1 kidney. But its hard to have a one kidney only

      To us have a 2 kidney be thankful. And keep your kidney healthy by drinking more water and have a healthy lifestyle.

    • profile image

      Kenneth villarama 

      2 years ago

      Kenneth Villarama

      Your kidneys are vital organs that function mainly as filters, and therefore, have a big impact on fluid and electrolyte balance, blood pressure regulation, urine creation, red blood cell production and energy levels. Symptoms of kidney dysfunction and disease include edema (puffiness), high blood pressure, lethargy (lack of energy), shortness of breath, confusion, back pain and abnormal heart rhythms. Maintaining healthy kidney function is usually a combination of stopping certain harmful behaviors along with adopting some beneficial habits.

    • profile image

      Kathreene Magat 

      2 years ago

      Kathreene Magat BSA 1-4

      If organs had careers, your kidneys would be chemists. These bean shaped organs, located in the middle of your back, may be small (each one is about the size of a fist), but they perform extremely important tasks. Kidneys process, clean and balance the entire body’s blood supply every 5 minutes. Approximately 200 quarts of fluid are processed through your kidneys every 24 hours. Most people know that the kidneys’ primary function is cleaning the blood by removing waste and excess fluid from the body through urine production. But that’s only the half of it. Your kidneys perform all of these functions: Remove waste products from the body, balance the body’s fluids, control blood pressure, regulate the body’s mineral and acidity levels, activate vitamin D to regulate bone health and help stimulate the production of red blood cells.

    • profile image

      Pamela SanGabriel 

      2 years ago

      Pamela Mae T. San Gabriel

      BSA 1-4

      We know that all organs in the human body are necessary for life-sustaining activities or survival: our brain, heart, lungs, and kidneys. Kidneys are as important as other organs which play a vital role for proper functioning of our body. The kidneys do a lot, but their most important job is to take waste out of the blood and release these waste material through urine. These are vitall to our overall health, so it's important to look after them. To keep them healthy we must have a proper lifestyle, stay active and avoid too much alcoholic beverages and smoke.

    • profile image

      Pamela SanGabriel 

      2 years ago

      Pamela Mae T. San Gabriel

      BSA 1-4

      We know that all organs in the human body are necessary for life-sustaining activities or survival: our brain, heart, lungs, and kidneys. Kidneys are as important as other organs which play a vital role for proper functioning of our body. The kidneys do a lot, but their most important job is to take waste out of the blood and make urine (pee). These are vitamin al to our overall health, so it's important to look after them. To keep them healthy we must have a proper lifestyle, stay active and avoid too much alcoholic beverages and smoke.

    • profile image

      Evette Giron 

      2 years ago

      Giron, Krizia Evette B. (BSA 1-2)

      Kidneys are the pair of organs that eliminate wastes from the body as urine. Our kidneys helps to eliminate waste product of our body, regulates our body base balance, and regulates the volume of blood plasma and tissue by controlling secretion of water and many more. We need to keep our kidney healthy so that it will function regularly because our kidneys really help our body. Some of the ways to keep our kidneys healthy is to drink 8-10 glass of water every day, exercise daily, avoid exposure to various chemicals, avoid and treat immediately infections and many more.

    • profile image

      De Guzman,Ma. Jessa Isabel,D. 

      2 years ago

      BSA 1-2

      Kidney is one of the two organs that removes the waste products in our blood and make it urine. In our life,we must see to it that we remove the bad things because it may harm our future,or even the present. We must know what to keep and what to let go.

    • profile image

      Pamela Sayco 

      2 years ago

      Pamela Angelica D. Sayco

      BSA 1-2

      Kidney is a is a paired compact organ whose functional units, called nephrons, filter initial urine from the blood, reabsorb water and nutrients, and secrete wastes, producing the final urine, which is expelled. Learning about our kidneys and how we can keep them healthy is important because kidney helps in maintaining water balance and expels metabolic wastes inside our body.

    • profile image

      Mia Alyson Severino 

      2 years ago from Bulacan, Philippines

      Mia Alyson F. Severino

      BSA 1-3

      The kidneys are very important especially in the excretory system. Without the kidney, our body will not be able to separate the only the wastes from benefitial fluids. Our blood is being extracted by our kidneys. It is mandatory for an organism to atleast have one kidney, because if the onther kidney is malfunctioning, the other kidney take the work of the other one. But if both are not functioning, an organism has to undergo dialysis, otherwise, he will die. Just like in our course, the important transactions has to be kept and the other that are not benefitial has to be eliminated.

    • profile image

      Mary Grace De Jesus 

      2 years ago

      De Jesus, Mary Grace A. (BSA 1-2)

      Often, your kidneys simply become affected by other medical conditions. The most important thing you can do to keep your kidneys safe is to take care of your body to reduce your chances of developing diseases that put a strain on your kidneys. You can do a number of things to keep your kidneys functioning properly and keep them as healthy as possible at every stage of life.

      There are 7 secrets to a healthy kidney

      1. Hydrate, but don’t overdo it. So, while it’s always a good idea to drink enough water, drinking more than the typical four to six glasses a day probably won’t help your kidneys do their job any better.

      2. Eat healthy foods. Preventing diabetes and high blood pressure will help keep kidneys in good condition.

      3. Exercise regularly. If you’re healthy, getting your exercise is a good idea because, like healthy eating habits, regular physical activity can stave off weight gain and high blood pressure. But do be mindful of how much exercise you do, especially if you’re not conditioned.

      4. Use caution with supplements and herbal remedies. Excessive amounts of certain vitamin supplements and some herbal extracts may be harmful to your kidneys. Talk to your doctor about any vitamins and herbs you plan to take.

      5. Quit smoking. Smoking can damage blood vessels, which decreases the flow of blood in the kidneys. When the kidneys don’t have adequate blood flow, they can’t function at optimal levels. Smoking also increases the risk of high blood pressure as well as the risk of kidney cancer.

      6. Don’t overdo it when taking over-the-counter medications. If you have healthy kidneys and use these medicines for occasional pain, they probably don’t pose a risk.

      7. If you’re at risk, get regular kidney function screening. If you have either diabetes or high blood pressure, your physician should screen for kidney dysfunction as part of routine care for those conditions. We must take care of our own health because there's an important saying that "Prevention is better than cure".

    • JoanaCordero profile image

      JoanaCordero 

      2 years ago

      Cordero, Joana Maidy C.

      BSA 1-4.

      Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and re-absorption. This process is necessary to maintain a stable balance of body chemicals. The critical regulation of the body's salt, potassium and acid content is performed by the kidneys. The kidneys also produce hormones that affect the function of other organs. For example, a hormone produced by the kidneys stimulates red blood cell production. Other hormones produced by the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and control calcium metabolism.

    • Nikka Lei Angeles profile image

      Nikka Lei Angeles 

      2 years ago

      Angeles, Nikka Lei S. BSA 1-4 Our kidneys main purpose is to remove waste products and excess fluid from our body. The common definition of it are two bean-shaped organs that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body. They reside against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. They sit opposite each other on both sides of the spine. It is vital for our body that we release toxins and waste through urine.

    • Maryrose Cruz profile image

      Maryrose Cruz 

      2 years ago

      MARYROSE CRUZ BSBA 1-1 The kidneys are important organs with many functions in the body, including producing hormones, absorbing minerals, and filtering blood and producing urine. Kidney is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron filters a small amount of blood. kidney is made up of about a million filtering units called nephronshe kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. They remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism. Kidneys are essential to the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining the salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium.

    • ShairaRivera profile image

      Shaira Rehj Rivera 

      2 years ago

      Rivera, Shaira Rehj R.

      BSA 1-4

      Your kidneys are as important to your health as your heart or lungs. Their main job is to remove waste products from your body. Most people have two kidneys, one on either side of the spine under the lower ribs. They are reddish brown in colour and shaped like kidney beans. Each kidney is about the size of a clenched fist. Kidneys are a filter system. The main job of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and return the cleaned blood back to the body. Each minute about one litre of blood – one-fifth of all the blood pumped by the heart – enters the kidneys through the renal arteries. After the blood is cleaned, it flows back into the body through the renal veins. Each kidney contains about one million tiny units called nephrons. Each nephron is made up of a very small filter, called a glomerulus, which is attached to a tubule. As blood passes through the nephron, fluid and waste products are filtered out. Much of the fluid is then returned to the blood, while the waste products are concentrated in any extra fluid as urine. The urine flows through a tube called the ureter into the bladder. Urine passes from the bladder out of the body through a tube called the urethra. The kidney usually makes one to two litres of urine every day depending on your build, how much you drink, the temperature and the amount of exercise you do. A healthy kidney can greatly increase its work capacity. If one kidney is lost, the other kidney can enlarge and do the work of two.

    • Genie de Ocera profile image

      Genierose de Ocera 

      2 years ago from San Miguel, Bulacan

      Genierose de Ocera BSA I-4

      Kidneys regulate water in our body. For your body to work properly, it must contain just the right amount of water. One of the important jobs of the kidneys is to remove excess water from the body or to retain water when the body needs more. kidneys help remove waste products, such as urea and creatinine, from your body. Urea and other wastes are made when the body breaks down protein, such as meat. Creatinine is a waste product of the muscles. As kidney function decreases, the levels of urea and creatinine in the blood increase. The creatinine level in the blood is a very useful measure of kidney function. It is measured by a simple blood test. In accountancy, accountants should learn to eliminate errors in computation of financial reports in order to avoid void financial statements. He should be careful towards recording significant information in order to avoid possible conflict.

    • Keziah Morales profile image

      Hannah Keziah Morales 

      2 years ago

      MORALES, Hannah Keziah T. BSA 1-2

      One of the main jobs of the kidneys is to filter the waste out of the blood. Our blood delivers nutrients to our body and of course chemical reactions occur in the cells of our body to break down the nutrients. Some of the waste is the result of these chemical reactions. Some is just stuff our body doesn't need because it already has enough. The waste has to go somewhere; this is where the kidneys come in. Inside each kidney there are about a million nephrons. They are tiny filters catching all the stuff that our body doesn't need and sending it out as waste. Besides eliminating wastes, the kidneys and urinary tract also regulate many important body functions. The kidneys monitor and maintain the body's balance of water, ensuring that our tissues receive enough water to work properly and be healthy.

    • Joyce  Parulan profile image

      Joyce Parulan 

      2 years ago

      Parulan, Joyce Kristine R

      BSA 1-4

      Maintaining your kidney healthy is very important because having kidney problem was never easy, it can cause you too much pain and nobody wants to feel pain. As cpa in the making, I must say that we should maintain a healthy working relationship with our clients to earn their trust and receive more opportunities. And to never feel any failure in life everyone should take care of everything specially the things matters the most.

    • Katlyn sta rita profile image

      Katlyn Sta Rita 

      2 years ago from Makinabang baliuag bulacan

      Katlyn sta rita bsa 1-4

      The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long -- about the size of a fist.

      The kidneys' function are to filter the blood. All the blood in our bodies passes through the kidneys several times a day. The kidneys remove wastes, control the body's fluid balance, and regulate the balance of electrolytes. As the kidneys filter blood, they create urine, which collects in the kidneys' pelvis -- funnel-shaped structures that drain down tubes called ureters to the bladder.

      Each kidney contains around a million units called nephrons, each of which is a microscopic filter for blood. It's possible to lose as much as 90% of kidney function without experiencing any symptoms or problems.

    • Shayne dela Cruz profile image

      Shayne dela Cruz 

      2 years ago

      Shayne S. dela Cruz BSA 1-4

      Our kidneys is a pair of organ located in the back of the abdomen. Its main function is to filter the blood to remove waste materials or substances, control body's fluid balance, and regulate the balance of electrolytes. They process the urine that contain waste materials or substances that can help our body function well and have the right nutrients that give our body good benefits. We need to take care of our kidneys because once it fails to function well it will surely give some problems that will lead to some kind of kidney disease. And eventually we cannot perform our daily activities well.

    • profile image

      Patricia Mae Mendoza 

      2 years ago

      PATRICIA MAE J. MENDOZA. BSBA1-1.. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. They remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism. Kidneys are essential to the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining the salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove water-soluble wastes which are diverted to the bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol and erythropoietin. An important enzyme renin is also produced in the kidneys which acts in negative feedback. The kidney participates in whole-body homeostasis, regulating acid-base balance, electrolyte concentrations, extracellular fluid volume, and blood pressure. The kidney accomplishes these homeostatic functions both independently and in concert with other organs, particularly those of the endocrine system. Various endocrine hormones coordinate these endocrine functions; these include renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone, and atrial natriuretic peptide, among others.

      Many of the kidney's functions are accomplished by relatively simple mechanisms of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion, which take place in the nephron. Filtration, which takes place at the renal corpuscle, is the process by which cells and large proteins are filtered from the blood to make an ultrafiltrate that eventually becomes urine.

    • simplyariannejoy profile image

      simplyariannejoy 

      3 years ago

      17 Flores, AJ BUHM

      Eating healthy can help prevent or control diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease. A healthy diet has a balance of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, lean meats and beans. Even small changes like limiting salt sodium and fat, can make a big difference in your health. To help protect your kidneys, take medicines as directed.

      Some medicines may help you manage conditions that can damage your kidneys, like diabetes or high blood pressure. Ask your doctor how to take any medicines he or she prescribes. Make sure to take the medicines just how your doctor tells you. This may mean taking some medicines, like blood pressure medicines, even when you feel fine.

      Other medicines can harm your kidneys if you take them too much. For example, even over-the-counter pain medicines can damage your kidneys over time. Follow the label directions for any medicines you take. Share with your doctor a list of all of your medicines even over-the-counter medicines and vitamins to help make sure that you are not taking anything that may harm your kidneys.

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