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What causes of a pyromaniac disorder
The causes of pyromania are concentrated on adults and children who are engaged in fire setting. According to Sigmund Freud, this practice is representative of an individual regressive desire to show one's power over the environment also it is a male disorder which symbolizes the sexual urges of a person. The causes fire among children and adults can be classified into individual and environmental causes
The role of the parents and other adult relatives are crucial in preventing the onset of the condition. Lack of or inadequate parental supervision as well as no support from other adults can be a primary cause of pyromania. Environmental factors that may cause disorder include physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect from parents during earlier life. Other causes that may lead to pyromania include early experiences of watching adults or adolescents using fire inappropriately as a stress reliever.
The individual factors that lead to pyromania mainly deal with the personal issues in someone’s life. The antisocial behaviors and attitudes of a person in the community are the cause of pyromaniac’s disorders. Apart from fire setting, these people have often committed other crimes which include the vandalism of property which accounted for 19% of offenders, and forcible rape was committed by 11% of adolescences offenders. People who are suffering from this disorder often resort to fire setting due to boredom and absence of other recreational activities.
How pyromania is diagnosed
The patient who suffers from pyromaniac must have internationally or purposefully set things on fire on several occasions. This characteristic is evident in a person when he or she repeatedly set things on fire without precise circumstances. Also, person who is undergoing tension or showing external behavior before the act of setting the fire is suspected to be suffering from pyromaniac disorder.
Pyromaniacs commit arson with the intention of hurting people, gaining revenge, and unleashing feelings of frustration also they act because of boredom. Rather these types of people will commit an act of pyromania because they cannot control themselves. Pyromaniacs feel pleasure and relief upon seeing the aftermath of a fire. A person can be diagnosed with pyromania only if they have set fire to something more than once.
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The symptoms of a pyromaniac disorder
There are specific symptoms that separate a person suffering from pyromaniac’s disorder to an average person who set a fire for criminal purposes and emotional motivations. A pyromania disorder person is accompanied depressed mood, suicidal thoughts, persistent interpersonal conflicts and poor coping skills. The following are the symptoms of pyromaniac disorder in an individual.
- The intentional and purposeful setting of a fire in several occasions- Someone suffering from this disease deliberately and purposely sets fires on more than one occasion and before the act of lighting the fire the person usually experiences tension and an emotional build up. When a person is near the fire, he or she will gain intense interest and experience pleasure, gratification or relief.
- Stress or active stimulation before the setting of fire- Another long-term contributor often linked with pyromania is the buildup of pressure. The attitudes of a child towards family or friends lead to behaviors which result into build up of stress and emotions, and eventually, a person resorts to lighting the fire.
- Interest and curiosity in things associated with fire- People suffering from this disorder are interested in things related to fire; they tend to experiment it by themselves by setting fire on people properties. Also, these people are carried away by the curiosity to experiment new things in their life’s i.e. they receive satisfaction or pleasure from being involved in fire setting.
- The act is committed not for any monetary benefits but as an expression of ideology to hide crime, to enhance one living situation or due to expression of anger and revenge.
Treatment of pyromaniac disorder
The most efficient treatment of pyromaniac in children and adolescences is to follow the case management approach instead of a medical model approach since most offenders come from chaotic families. Before choosing the treatment for the children, an interview should be conducted with parents and individual child so as to determine the patterns of supervision and same factors. The treatment approaches include aggression replacement training, enhanced problem-solving skills, excellent communication skills and anger management.
Another treatment for pyromania disorder in children and adolescents is to offer cognitive behavioral therapy sessions in which the patient’s situation is diagnosed to find out what have caused this impulsive behavior. Once the case of a patient has been identified and diagnosed the therapy session is repeated many times so as to help get recover.
The treatment of adult pyromania includes a combination of medications such as SSRI and long term insight oriented psychotherapy. The other method of therapy includes viewing the action of the patient as an unconscious process and making an analysis of the behavior so as to help the patient overcome their behavior. Also, the more psychodynamic approach is being used most of the time after the procedure to address whatever underlying problems that trigger the negative emotions leading to the mania.
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