ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms - Causes of ADHD - & ADHD Treatments

Updated on March 3, 2011

 If you feel that your child is lacking something or is having some kind of diverse behaviour in comparison to other kids of the same age, then it might be possible that your child is suffering from a disorder. Here is something that you must know if your child’s grades are going down or if there are complaints from his/her teachers.

Attention - Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a commonly diagnosed behavioural disorder in children. Children with ADHD have great difficulty with tasks that involve sitting still and paying attention.

The symptoms of ADHD are divided into two behavioural categories, inattention and hyperactivity or impulsiveness . Some children have symptoms of both types while other children have mostly one type and not the other. Individuals with symptoms of inattention have trouble concentrating and finishing school assignments, are easily distracted and are often forgetful. Children with symptoms of hyperactivity fidget, talk excessively and have trouble awaiting their turn.

To distinguish ADHD symptoms from normal childhood energy, the behaviours must be compared with the other children of the same age group. The behaviours must also cause significant problems at home and at school. A rating scale completed by the child’s parents and teachers is often used to evaluate the child’s behaviour. A diagnosis is made after an examination by a psychiatrist, paediatrician or psychologist.

Prevalence of ADHD: About 3 to 5 percent of school age children in the United States are thought to have ADHD. This means for a classroom of 20 to 30 students, on average there is one child with ADHD. Boys are four times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with this kind of disorder.

Causes of ADHD: Scientists do not know exactly what causes ADHD. The condition often runs in families, which suggests that genes play an important role. Also, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies show that certain brain regions involved in regulating attention tends to be smaller in children with ADHD than in children without ADHD. This suggests a biological basis for the condition, but more research is needed before MRI or other brain imaging methods can be used for diagnosis or evaluating treatments of ADHD.

Scientists believe that some symptoms of ADHD may be caused by lower than normal levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine (a brain chemical) in regions of the brain important for concentration. Ritalin and other stimulant medications act on the brain to increase the levels of dopamine and other chemicals in certain brain regions.

For Parents Of Children With ADHD

ADHD Treatments

Stimulant medications are often effective in reducing the symptoms of AHDH. When taken orally at low doses, they been shown to be safe and have few side effects. However, when injected or sniffed or used at inappropriately high doses, they can be addictive. Many parents are concerned about giving their children potentially addictive drugs, and this has led to controversy about the ADHD treatments.

Behavioural therapies are also effective for the treatment of ADHD symptoms. Typically, behavioural modifications are based on reward systems to encourage suitable behaviour at home and at school. For example, points are awarded in the classroom for staying on task, interacting appropriately with others and completing work on time. Points are lost on getting out of one’s seat, talking without permission and so on. Earned points are then used to gain access to desired activities like playing, watching television, hangout with friends and so forth.

Combined treatment using both medication and behavioural therapy may be the most effective and leads to a slightly greater decrease in symptoms than medication alone. Many other treatments for ADHD have been proposed including dietary changes, herbal remedies and biofeedback, but they have not yet been shown to be effective.

There is no known cure for ADHD. Coping strategies can be learned and used to deal with disorder, and certain symptoms may decrease or disappear with age. But the condition continues into adulthood in some cases. Research on the effects of long term medication and treatment is ongoing.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)