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Your Second Quarter Of Pregnancy

Updated on July 16, 2010

If you are planning for pregnancy, the second quarter of pregnancy is the most livable and less dangerous than the third month of pregnancy in the first quarter. The risk of abortion significantly reduces in this quarter. Even vomiting stops for some women but there are some very rare women who experience nausea and vomiting persistently throughout their pregnancy. In the fourth month of pregnancy, there is an increase in weight of the mother, which must be controlled. During this month, the increase in weight should not exceed 300 g per week. The weight of mother should be monitored at least once a week trying to always use the same weighing scale. This month, due to widening of the waistline, there arises a need to start buying and wearing pregnancy or maternity clothes that are loose and comfortable. Digestive disturbance can occur because of a hormone called progesterone. Digestion becomes more sluggish and often causes constipation. To combat this problem, it is advisable to consult the gynecologist who can prescribe the most appropriate laxative for constipation. For some women, a glass of warm water empty stomach and following proper diet is enough. If constipation during pregnancy is accompanied with hemorrhoids (dilated veins around the anus), you need to take special precautions use a special ointment for hemorrhoids during pregnancy. During this period of pregnancy, you can practice sports that do not involve too much effort. It is highly advisable to practice gymnastics to improve peripheral circulation. Swimming in temperate waters with lesser effort is also recommended.

In second quarter of pregnancy, you need to follow proper diet as recommended by your dietician. Also, emphasis should be put on fruits and vegetables to promote vitamin supplementation naturally
In second quarter of pregnancy, you need to follow proper diet as recommended by your dietician. Also, emphasis should be put on fruits and vegetables to promote vitamin supplementation naturally
Weight gain should be monitored during pregnancy and should be within normal limits. Also remember to use the same weighting scale to measure weight throughout your pregnancy.
Weight gain should be monitored during pregnancy and should be within normal limits. Also remember to use the same weighting scale to measure weight throughout your pregnancy.
There are a lot of benefits of taking an iron supplement during pregnancy, as it helps prevent anemia disease such as iron deficiency anemia and megaloblastic anemia.
There are a lot of benefits of taking an iron supplement during pregnancy, as it helps prevent anemia disease such as iron deficiency anemia and megaloblastic anemia.
Learning breathing techniques during pregnancy is important to reduce stress and avoid pain during labor and delivery.
Learning breathing techniques during pregnancy is important to reduce stress and avoid pain during labor and delivery.
Performing mild yoga exercises during pregnancy is a great idea. You need a yoga instructor for doing this. I recommend you to not do this on your own at home.
Performing mild yoga exercises during pregnancy is a great idea. You need a yoga instructor for doing this. I recommend you to not do this on your own at home.

Weight Management in Second Quarter of Pregnancy

From the fifth month of pregnancy, when fetal movements become evident, weight control becomes essential since its increase begins to be considerable. In the second quarter of pregnancy, your weight can tend to increase to about 4 pounds more than before. To keep the weight change within normal limits, it is really essential to follow proper diet and nutrition during pregnancy according to your gynecologist’s advice. You should always remember that a pregnant woman should eat for two, but not too much. You need to maintain both the quantity and quality of food at the same time.

Diet and Nutrition in Second Quarter of Pregnancy

In your second quarter of pregnancy, protein requirements start to increase with inclusion of necessary food items such as meat (preferably beef or chicken), eggs, white fish, milk, and dairy products like yogurt, etc. Fats should be reduced in the diet of a pregnant woman, but not totally deleted. The contribution of minerals during pregnancy must be higher, especially iron. Your gynecologist will tell you about the benefits of taking an iron supplement daily with meals. Also, amount of calcium needs to be increased, so it becomes important to consume a diet rich in dairy products like milk, curd, yoghurt, etc. Carbohydrates should be taken in moderation during pregnancy and starch-rich foods like vegetables, sweets, and breads must be moderated.

Also remember that a diet rich in vegetables and fruits induces a wealth of vitamins that promote digestion and regulate bowel movements that often prevent constipation. In the sixth month, anemia in pregnant women is a common problem. Types of anemia, which can occur during pregnancy, are megaloblastic anemia and iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is most frequent in pregnancy due to increased iron needs of the body causing iron deficiency. Therefore, it becomes really necessary to increase iron from the fifth or sixth month of pregnancy. Megaloblastic anemia is very rare during pregnancy but its consequences are very dangerous for both the mother and the fetus.

Megaloblastic anemia is caused by folic acid deficiency during pregnancy. This deficiency can be treated with a diet rich in animal proteins and vegetables, which are the main sources of folic acid. Again, you need to continue to monitor your weight taking into account that the increase should be approximately 400 grams per week and not more than that.

Importance of Learning Breathing Techniques in Pregnancy

Mammary glands of pregnant women continue to increase in size during this period preparing you for subsequent lactation and to help avoid certain types of nipple cracks. Sixth month is recommended to learn psychoprophylactic breathing techniques during pregnancy to prevent pain during labor and childbirth. The purpose of learning these techniques is to prepare the mother mentally and physically for the birth of baby. These techniques also help in natural childbirth preventing the need of a cesarean section at the time of delivery.

Also read: How to take care of yourself during pregnancy

Signs of Pregnancy within the First Month

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    • profile image

      phoenix 

      6 years ago

      I am having side pains on the left side alone and its swelling, am also having palpitations. is that normal? Am a firs time mother

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks a lot Granny for remembering that and rating me up. You are an awesome granny.

    • Granny's House profile image

      Granny's House 

      8 years ago from Older and Hopefully Wiser Time

      soni, remember you helped me out when I first joined hub pages. I will always be here for you. I have rated up.

      Good job

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks for the praise and encouragement Granny. You know your motivation helps in creating and publishing more and more hubs. Thanks for being such a support at all times. You are a very kind soul. I would like to meet you some day.

    • Granny's House profile image

      Granny's House 

      8 years ago from Older and Hopefully Wiser Time

      Hi soni, haven ' heard from you in a while. Glad to see you again. You know I like your hubs. I tell you that everytime I'm here. lol Great job on this one.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks a lot Madama.

    • Madama profile image

      Madama 

      8 years ago from Harrisburg PA

      You always come up with great hubs....

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks a lot for your support and encouragement suny. Thanks for liking my new profile pic.

    • suny51 profile image

      suny51 

      8 years ago

      Hi soni

      I am your follower,real one,more so now,nice pro-pic.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      I am not hiding my face at all. I just wanted to change my profile pic as my readers and fans might have got bored at looking my face for quite some time now. Sometimes something needs to be changed to give it a twist. Okay now tell me how you liked this article? Tell me if you didn't like it at all?

    • hubber-2009 profile image

      hubber-2009 

      8 years ago from India

      Hai soni2006, what happened? why do you prefer to hide your face?

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