ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Diwali and Dhanteras – The Festivals of India

Updated on October 25, 2012

Diwali – The Festival of Lights

India is the land of Festivals. Diwali is one of the most famous and well-known festival of India. It is also called as ‘The Festival of Lights’. It is celebrated by people of various religions all around the world with great enthusiasm and happiness. In 1999, Pope John Paul II performed a special Eucharist in an Indian church where the altar was decorated with Diwali lamps, the Pope had a ‘tilak’ marked on his forehead and his speech was bristled with references to the festival of light. The festival of Diwali is celebrated for 5 days and ‘Dhanteras’, which is celebrated two days before Diwali, marks the first day of Diwali celebrations.

Ganesh Lakshmi
Ganesh Lakshmi

Dhanteras - The Festival of Wealth

As Dhanteras marks the beginning of the great Indian festival, it has its own importance for the people of India. The word ‘Dhanteras’ comes from the combination of two Sanskrit words, ‘Dhan’ which means wealth and ‘Teras’ which means thirteen. Dhanteras falls on the 13th day of the second half of the lunar month. It is also known as ‘Dhanwantari Triodasi’ or ‘Dhantryaodashi’.

Why Dhanteras is celebrated

It is believed that on this day, God Dhanvantari (an incarnation of God Vishnu) came out during the churning of the great ocean by the Gods and the demons. Thus, on this auspicious day, people purchase utensils, and gold and silver jewellery with a belief that it will bring prosperity to their houses. It is also considered as a sign of good luck.

People also purchase diyas, crackers, lights, and the clay idols of Goddess Lakshmi (The Goddess of Wealth) and Lord Ganesha (The God of Auspicious Beginnings) to perform ‘Lakshmi pooja’, asking the Goddess for her blessings in the form of wealth and prosperity.

Dhanteras seems to be very important from the business point of view because people purchase utensils, jewellery, clothes, gifts, etc. on this occasion. Amongst the business community the jewelers specially celebrate this festival in a more enthusiastic manner in the gold market areas. Thus, Dhanteras is celebrated with great enthusiasm.

Why Diwali is Celebrated

For Hindus, Diwali marks the returning of Lord Rama to his kingdom, Ayodhya, after being in exile for 14 years. He also defeated the demon king, Ravana, the ruler of Lanka. Therefore, Diwali also signifies the victory of good over evil.

Diwali has different significance for different religions. For Jains, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha by Lord Mahavira; and for Sikhs, Diwali marks the return of Guru Har Gobind Singh to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu Kings Imprisoned in Gwalior Fort. Thus, Diwali has different significance for people of different religions.

How Diwali is celebrated

On the day of Diwali, people worship Goddess Lakshmi (the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity), and Lord Ganesha (the God of Auspicious Beginnings). People clean their houses and decorate them by making beautiful and traditional Rangolis on the entrance of the door to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. Some people also make small footprints of Goddess Lakshmi with flour all around the house. People also brighten their homes with lamps and lights to welcome prosperity and well-being. Burning of crackers also marks the celebration of Diwali. People wear new clothes on this festival, and also exchange sweets and gifts with their loved-ones.

Nowadays, ‘Diwali Melas’ are also being organized by various societies few days prior to Diwali celebration. A Diwali Mela has various stalls for people to shop, eat, play and enjoy.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)