ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Makara Sankranthi Festival in South India

Updated on December 25, 2013

Makara Sankranthi Festival in South India

Makara Sankranthi Festival is one of the main festivals of India. It is celebrated throughout of the country with great enthusiasm. It is also the Harvest Festival and Thanksgiving festival in India. This important festival is known by different names in various parts of India. For Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, it is known as Makara Sankranthi. For Andhritis it is also Pedda Panduga means big festival.This festival is celebrated as Pongal in Tamilnadu. In Kerala, another southern State of India, it is celebrated as Makara Vilakku where the famous Sabarimala Pilgrimage comes to an end with sighting of the Makaravilakku.

Ellu bella distributed to the friends in Karnataka
Ellu bella distributed to the friends in Karnataka | Source

Importance of Makara Sankranthi

Sankranti festival is dedicated to the worship of Lord Surya (Sun God). Starting from Makara Sankranthi day to the next six months, the days are longer and warmer. Symbolically, the Sun slowly takes away darkness and ushers in the light of knowledge. The period is considered as auspicious in India, and referred as Uttharayana Punyakalam. This festival falls in the middle of January (Capricon zodaic).

Legends of Makara Sankranthi

There are some legends about this great festival, which are associated with various Gods.

1. Bhishma Pitamaha in the Mahabharata, the great epic of India, chose this auspicious day for his death. It is believed that people who die during Uttarayana period, merges with the Brahman, thus ending the cycle of rebirth.

2. Lord Surya visited his son Lord Shani on this day, forgetting about their difference of opinions. It teaches us that Sankranthi is a time for people to forget their enmity and become friends.

3. Yet another belief is that Lord Vishnu buried the demons on this day beneath the Mandara Mountain. It signifies the end of evil and the dawn of righteousness.


Special Dishes for Makara Sankranthi

Special dishes are made during this occasion and celebrate the festival with great fanfare. In Karnataka, Some of the dishes prepared are Puliharam/Puliyogare, Ariselu, Kajjikayalu, Laddoo, Jantikalu etc. Sweets and puddings are prepared in every home. in the evening of Sankranthi day, people distribute Yellu, Sakkare Achchu, Sugarcane piece, Banana, Elachihannu to friends, neighbors and relatives.

In Andhra Pradesh, Sankranthi is celebrated for four days. The first day it is called Bhogi, (Sacred bonfire is the main ritual during Bhogi), second day is Sankranthi,(Main Sankranti day, the third day is Kanuma (is associated with the legend of lifting of Govardhan Giri by Lord krishna), 4th day Mukkanuma ( to worship cattle). People take oil bath before sunrise and be ready to welcome the Sun God with flowers and water, and pray to His blessings.

In Tamilnadu, Pongal is celebrated for 4 days (Bhogi ponga, Surya pongal, Maatu pongal and Kaanum pongal). Sankramana Snana or the ritual bath during Makara Sankramana is the most auspicious ritual observed along the banks of holy rivers like Cauvery, Pampa and Vaigai in Tamil Nadu. Taking a holy dip on the day is considered to cleanse sins committed and this will lead to Moksha (Salvation). The special dishes for Pongal include pongal recipes such as Sweet pongal, Ven pongal etc. The word Pongal, which literally means 'boiling over', refers to rice cooked in milk and jaggery.

New dresses are bought for this festival. Indians love celebrating festivals, and it is a main part of our culture. Discount sales are held during this festival in all the major cities.

In Kerala, Makaravilakku is a festival held at the shrine of Sabarimala. The Thiruvabharana procession is one of the important features of the Makaravilakku festival, the second part of the annual congregation is at the hill shrine of Sabarimala. An estimated half a million Ayyappa devotees flow to Sabarimala every year to have a darshan (vision) of this ritual.

Rangolis

Kolam (also known as Rangoli) is the popular floor art of India. It is an auspicious art of decorating courtyards and prayer halls in India drawn mainly by women and girls. Some women use rice flour to draw a rangoli which is the traditional medium to be used while others use sandstone or limestone powder. The designs are then colored with various colored powdered dyes. During this festival, the women draw beautiful kolams (rangolis) in front of their houses.


Sankranthi in Andhra Pradesh

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • manjubose5 profile image

      manjubose5 

      7 years ago

      Good decision! I think all Indians will appreciate it.

    • lex123 profile imageAUTHOR

      lex123 

      7 years ago

      Thank you manjubose5 for reading the hub and commenting. Many Indians outside are not very familiar with their culture and celebrations. That's why I wrote this hub to make awareness among them.

    • manjubose5 profile image

      manjubose5 

      7 years ago

      Excellent hub! I admire your best effort to spread the Indian culture and celebrations globally.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)