ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

March 23, 1940: The Lahore Resolution: The Pakistan Resolution

Updated on March 20, 2012
Flag of Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan | Source
Minar-e-Pakistan where Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940.
Minar-e-Pakistan where Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940. | Source


Every year, people of Pakistan celebrate this day, 23rd march, with inordinate pride, vehemence and enthusiasm. On this historic day, Muslims of India passed The Lahore Resolution in 1940, which is later named as The Pakistan Resolution.

Background of Lahore Resolution

It was in 1600, when British queen Elizabeth, of that time, gave royal charter to East India Company of Britain to have trade with eastern countries. In 1608 East India company entered India for the sake of trade. To protect themselves from foreign powers like Portuguese, present in India at that time, East India Company waged several power struggles with them, which headed them towards founding trading posts and factories in major cities of India. By the end of seventeenth century, East India Company occupied many parts of Indian sub-continent and started governing Indian people.

There were many petite rebelling struggles against English rules by Indians, but most prominent amongst, was the confrontation of 1857. Indians faced defeat in this confrontation, but it led them towards a non-stop freedom struggle. In 1885, Indian National Congress was established, by self-proclaiming to represent all Indians. In 1906, All India Muslim League was established, representing the Muslims of India.

The viceroy of India lord Linlithgow, announced India’s entrance in Second World War, September 1939. He did not consult provincial governments; on this point, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of All India Muslim League, called the session of party to discuss the current conditions of country.

Minar-e-Pakistan: The Lahore Resolution

The session of All India Muslim League was held in Lahore, from 22nd march to 24th march, 1940. The place was called as Minto Park at that time, now it is named as Iqbal Park. On the first day of session, Muhammad Ali Jinnah addressed the nation and described the events held in past few months. According to Him, differences between Hindus and Muslims were so inordinate and intense, that to make them live under one government is full of perils.This ideology is known as Two Nation Theory. On the basis of this ideology A.K.Fazul Haq, Chief Minister of Bangal, moved this historical resolution, since then it is known as Lahore Resolution and later Pakistan Resolution.

This resolution rejected the ideology of united India and demanded the creation of independent Muslim state. The Resolution was backed by Maulana Zafar Ali Khan from Punjab, Sardar Aurangzeb from the N. W. F. P., Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh, and Qazi Esa from Baluchistan, along with many others. This resolution was passed on 24th March 1940. In 1941, All India Muslim League made it part of their constitution.

On the base of this Lahore resolution, Muslims of India changed their path of having alliance with Indian Hindus to a separate homeland. Finally, this dream came true in 14th August, 1947 and state of Pakistan emerged on the map of world.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Amna Gilani 2 years ago

      Who named Lahore Resolution as Pakistan Resolution first?

      This is not mention here in this article plz tell me the name?

    • upal19 profile image

      Ashraf Mir 4 years ago from Dhaka

      Shaheen, this is very informative. I'm against the two nation theory of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. I think our leaders made a blunder dividing India.

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @fahid cheema: I am glad for you. thanx for stopping by.

    • profile image

      Fahid cheema 5 years ago

      Thanx uzma for supporting me in my search.

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @yaduvanshi: thank you very much for stopping by and appreciating.

    • Yaduvanshi profile image

      Yaduvanshi 5 years ago from Bharat Vrse

      Very Well said keep it up

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @subRon: thank you very much for stopping by and reading.

    • SubRon7 profile image

      James W. Nelson 5 years ago from eastern North Dakota

      Interesting hub, Uzma. Good to learn your country's history.

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @suhail and my dog: thank you very much for stopping by,reading my work and your analysis of my writing style. I kept it brief and to the point so that, it could not bore the readers.

      This is a big point of debate that either it was meant to be a "state for muslims" or a "theological islamic state", even people of pakistan are not on the same line.

      thanks again for your valuable feedback.

    • Suhail and my dog profile image

      Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 5 years ago from Mississauga, ON

      OK so I have figured this one out. This is your writing style - short, sweet and to the point :-)

      I loved this hub on my country of origin. I went to Forman Christian College in the city of Lahore and did my FSc. (12th grade) from here in the good old days haha.

      Btw, you nailed it. It was supposed to be a state for Muslims and not a theological Islamic state.

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      ok.I will.

    • Hunbbel Meer profile image

      Syed Hunbbel Meer 5 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan.

      @Uzma: You are welcome.

      Since you take interest in our country's history, I guess that it would be fascinating for you to read my first even fictional prose, titled "WHILE REDEEMING MY SOUL - Synopsis".

      It contains various parts - approximately 6 chapters. It is an interesting read with a lots of twist to be revealed in the end.

      It contains the history of Pakistan, 1947 riots, some events related to 2007, and the main protagonist's shocking revelation in the end.

      I am sure that you will like it.

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @hunbbel meer:thank you very much for appreciating my work and motivating me.

    • Hunbbel Meer profile image

      Syed Hunbbel Meer 5 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan.

      I agree. It is good to see something, and something good, related to our nation and a historic day.

      Keep up the fantastic work!

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @nuzhat saba: thank you very much for appreciating.

    • profile image

      nuzhat saba 5 years ago

      very informative ..thanks for writing

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @arslan: thank you very much for stopping by and appreciating.

    • profile image

      Arslan 5 years ago

      This is very informative regarding 23rd March .. Keep up the great work ..

      Best Regards,

    • uzma shaheen profile image
      Author

      Uzma Shaheen Bhatti 5 years ago from Lahore,Pakistan

      @maryam:thank you very much for stopping by and providing me with your appreciation.

    • profile image

      Maryam 5 years ago

      So good to see something written for our Great National Day. Thanks for your efforts