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Waitangi Day New Zealands National Day

Updated on August 29, 2017
Elsie Hagley profile image

Elsie is a kiwi living in New Zealand, enjoys sharing articles of her country. Land of the long white cloud. First country to see a new day.

The Flag Post by the Treaty House at Waitangi in New Zealand.

The flagstaff is flying (left – right) the Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, the Ensign of the Royal New Zealand Navy and the Union Flag.
The flagstaff is flying (left – right) the Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, the Ensign of the Royal New Zealand Navy and the Union Flag.

Waitangi Day - February 6 is recognized as New Zealand's National Day

Waitangi Day 2015 was the 175 anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi New Zealand's founding document, which was in 1840. It was on the 6th day of February 1840 when the Treaty was signed.

Waitangi is part of the Bay of Islands in the northern part of the North Island of New Zealand. It was made between Governor William Hobson on behalf of Queen Victoria and the Maori Chiefs who gathered there on that day. The Treaty of Waitangi was first written in the English language and then translated into the Maori language.

What is the Treaty of Waitangi?

It is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and over 500 Maori Chiefs from the North Island and is often considered to be New Zealand founding document

From the British point of view, the Treaty gave Britain sovereignty over New Zealand and gave the Governor the right to govern the country.

Today it is generally considered the founding document of New Zealand as a nation. Despite this, the Treaty is often the subject of heated debate and much disagreement by both Maori and non-Maori New Zealanders.

The date of the signing has been a National holiday, now called Waitangi Day, since 1974. Waitangi Day underwent 'Monday isolation' in 2013, allowing the public holiday to be shifted to Monday if it falls on the weekend.

Although this is New Zealand's national day, the commemoration has often been the focus of protest by Maori activists and is often marred by controversy.

It makes me feel very sad as I would like to see us all getting on as one country, all people equal, whether we are white, brown or black skinned.

The Treaty of Waitangi: An Introduction

About the above video.

Published on 7 Feb 2013

Reaching agreement on the meaning and 'spirit' of the Treaty of Waitangi - New Zealand's founding document - has led to fierce debate and violent conflict between European settlers and Maoris since its signing in 1840 until the present day.

This documentary style program looks at events leading up the signing; consequences of the signing, the key points of difference in the two versions of the treaty; the treaty in the twentieth century; and the founding of the Waitangi Tribunal.

There are interviews with New Zealand historians Claudia Orange, Dr Benjamin Pittman (Great-Great Grandson of Maori Chief Patuone) and Mark Derby. Suitable for New Zealand history, culture related and indigenous rights studies at the senior secondary and further education level, it provides a good introduction to the treaty and the controversies and points of contention surrounding it.

William Hobson

How did William Hobson come to be Lieutenant - Governor of New Zealand?

On 26 May 1837, he sailed to the Bay of Islands, New Zealand, in response to a request for help from James Busby, the British Resident, who felt threatened by wars between Maori tribes.

On his return to England in 1838, Hobson submitted a report on New Zealand, in which he proposed that British sovereignty is established over New Zealand.

Hobson was appointed Lieutenant Governor by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir George Gipps (ratified on 30 July 1839) and British consul to New Zealand (confirmed on 13 August 1839).

Waitangi Day

Traditional maori Waitangi Day celebrations at Waitangi, Paihia.
Traditional maori Waitangi Day celebrations at Waitangi, Paihia.

How is Waitangi Day Celebrated?

The main Celebrations are at Waitangi, which often commence the previous day, 5 February, at the Ngapuhi Te Tii marae, where political dignitaries are welcomed, where they have speeches, that often deal with the issues of the day, and vigorous and robust debate occurs.

At dawn on Waitangi Day, the Royal New Zealand Navy raises the New Zealand Flag, Union Flag and White Ensign on the flagstaff in the treaty grounds. The ceremonies during the day generally include a church service and cultural displays such as dance and song.

The day closes with the flags being lowered by the Navy in a traditional ceremony.

The Prime Minister of New Zealand usually goes to the Waitangi Day Dawn service.

There are many special events all around New Zealand to celebrate Waitangi Day (New Zealand Day).

Throughout New Zealand, they celebrate Waitangi Day in a variety of ways. These often take the form of public concerts, festivals and exhibitions as this is the 175 anniversary of the Waitangi signing of the treaty there is sure to be some very active celebrations as it is a Friday and most likely will continue over the weekend.

Check out Google for Waitangi - New Zealand Day Celebrations for 2016

Prime Minister Helen Clark being welcomed onto Hoani Waititi Marae, in West Auckland, Waitangi Day 2006.
Prime Minister Helen Clark being welcomed onto Hoani Waititi Marae, in West Auckland, Waitangi Day 2006.

My Waitangi Day Thoughts

I'm proud to be a New Zealander, my ancestors Valentine Harrison (on my Father side) sailed from Plymouth, England in the ship "William Bryan" on November 19th, 1840 for New Plymouth, New Zealand with his two eldest sons William and Thomas.

They acquired land at Omata a about ten km's from New Plymouth on the west side of Mount Egmont/Taranaki, which they developed into farms, where they lived for the rest of their lives, except for a period during the Maori wars, when they had to abandon their homes which were destroyed by the Maoris, they paid for their land and broke it in as most of it was just bush.

I was amazed by the history I have discovered in my searches about how long my descendants have been part of this wonderful country. 175 years since they set foot in Taranaki which has been my home for nearly seventy years.

It would be nice to come together as a nation and appreciate what we have here in New Zealand "All People Equal" in this kiwi land called New Zealand, all we need to do is get over what has happened in the past and move on as United people.

New Zealand Day

Have you heard of Waitangi Day in New Zealand Before?

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© 2015 Elsie Hagley


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    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      aviannovice: It's great that New Zealand have a day to remember how lucky we are to have this tiny piece of land down-under with only four and a half million people.

      Like the rest of the world there are always problems that we have inherited from our ancestors, there are new problems coming along all the time, this week eighth of September 2015 we have about thirty Maori activists at Kaitaia Airport New Zealand, holding a protest relating to the "Treaty of Waitangi settlement" that have stopped a plane landing with doctors to treat patients.

      We are all equal on this earth it would be nice to have peace and goodwill to all.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      What a wonderful and rich history your country and your family have. Thanks for sharing and I learned something new!

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      colorfulone: Pleased you enjoyed reading about Waitangi Day, it is an important day for New Zealand, which hopefully will one day bring all kiwis together as one.

      Have a peacefull day my friend.

    • colorfulone profile image

      Susie Lehto 2 years ago from Minnesota

      This is interesting to read about Waitangi Day. It is grand to have official ceremonies and celebrations for everyone to take part in or be a spectator.

    • Lillly Rose1 profile image

      Linda 2 years ago from Texas

      I have always wanted to visit New Zealand but because of my health could not. Maybe one day. Nice article well written and the pictures interesting.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      aesta1: You most likely never heard of New Zealand Day as until recently it was always called Waitangi Day and still is.

      Also it was not a public holiday.

      What part of New Zealand did you visit?

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I have been to New Zealand twice but have not heard of this day. Becoming one as a country is such an important event.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      poetryman6969: You can be sure there will be lots of food everywhere always is on a special day like Waitangi Day/NZ National Day.

      It's summer here an beer and barbecues are a feature of holidays at this time of the year, though it won't be fires and charcoal barbecues, or hangi's as NZ has had a month with no rain in Taranaki and fires are forbidden.

      Feb 1st came in raining so maybe it will be lifted before 6th Feb.

      Thanks for your visit and comment, happy days.

    • poetryman6969 profile image

      poetryman6969 2 years ago

      Cool holiday but not enough special foods. Where's the roast kiwi bird, fruit, whatever?

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      Manatita44: Yes you will know about New Zealand's national day having lived and worked here.

      I appreciate your kind words of wisdom.

      We cannot rush things hopefully the government will have it all sorted out one day and then we will have peace.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 2 years ago from london

      Well Elsie,

      I found it impossible to be a nurse there and not know this. In fact there is much more and both the Nursing Board and hospitals, like all their staff to be familiar with this. Quite contentious, yes, but you know, my Sweet, also full of positives.

      Finally, we grow as a people, where ever we are. We cannot rush God, and the Universe is unfolding as it should. I too, would like a more harmonious; more peaceful world but am as practical as Bill. Humans must grow, and we cannot rush things, or indeed move faster than Grace.

      Such a nice and much-needed article. God bless your loving heart, Elsie.

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 2 years ago from New Zealand

      peachpurple: Yes it is a very important day for New Zealanders to join together and make laughter and music and be happy.

      Sometimes I wonder where and what we would be doing if this document wasn't signed back in 1840.

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 2 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      it is like the a very colorful celebration, vote up