All Hallows' Eve
Halloween is also known as Allhollween, All Hallows' Eve or All Saints' Eve. It was originally believed to have started in the Catholic Church. This day was observed on November 1. In Celtic Ireland, October 31 marked the end of summer and was a holiday called samhain at that time. It was rumored by the Celts that during the end of summer, this was the only time that spirits of those who died during the year would possess the living. As a result the villagers adorned themselves in costumes and paraded through the streets boisterously in hopes of driving the spirits away. This belief is shared throughout many countries in the world.
Trick or Treat
During the 19th century people in Ireland lighted candles and prayed for the souls of the dead. Various households participated in feasts, games and rituals, which were common at that time. There were also rituals involving bonfires. It was believed that the flames, smoke and ashes provided some sort of protection and powers to cleanse. It was also suggested that bonfires were used to ward off witches.
"Trick or treating", as we know it today, originated from a European custom called "souling". This involved people visiting households in costumes, reciting verses and singing songs in exchange for food, namely soul cakes. The more soul cakes received resulted in more prayers being offered on behalf of their dead relatives. It was the belief in those days that after death, the soul remained in a state of uncertainty and that prayers would help speed up the soul's journey to heaven.
Did you know the history of how Halloween came into being?
During the time of All Saints' Eve jack-o-lanterns or turnips where placed outside of homes. The origin of the jack-o- lantern has no certainty but there are a few beliefs for the use of this lantern. It was said that "guisers" or those who wore costumes, used it as a guide, they represented christian souls in purgatory and that it kept harmful spirits out of households. There is a folktale about the lantern,which I think is quite hilarious, it speaks about a thief's soul which was denied access to both heaven and hell. He must have been a dangerous man because neither heaven or hell accepted him, as such they named a lantern after him according to the folktales.
How did the celebration of Halloween or All Saints' Eve travel to the western hemisphere? The custom of Halloween was brought to America around the 18th and 19th century by a mass exodus of Irish and Scottish immigrants. Masses were held in cemeteries and candles were lit and placed on the graves of loved ones during Halloween. Gradually the concept of Halloween was celebrated and integrated in various communities to people of different race and religious beliefs throughout America.