Black Slaves Learning to Read and Write
learning to read and write
African slaves who were captured from Africa spoke no English and couldn't read or write, they communicated with each other by using the language they learned from varies of tribes in Africa. Hearing slaves grumping sounds coming from slaves was their way of communicating with each other.
Slaves were ridiculed by crew Members because of the sounds they made. In hindsight, these slaves were much smarter than they thought, these slaves were learning they couldn't read or write but they understood.
Slavery In the United States was legal, slaves could be brought and sold with no consolation from anyone. Slaves had to obey their master or they were punished in some Instant killed. In 1865 slavery was abolished by the 13th amendment freeing slaves from their masters.
Some of the slaves left their masters in search of a better life, being free did not solve their problems for some of the slaves once they were free most of them had nothing except the clothes they wore on their backs. They had no money, no farm livestock and no place to live. Others stayed with their masters because they treated them well. Slaves were secretly learning each other how to read and write when they were alone at night. Slaves were determined to learn they made their letters where ever they could without the master knowing.
The southern States in 1800 there was no schools that allowed black children to attend for Blacks children, they thought that Blacks learning writing and reading was a threat to whites. In the Southern States, laws were created against the learning of Blacks it was considered a crime.
Mistresses of the master ignored the laws and continue to teach Slaves and their children.
Some Whites feared Blacks would one day rise up remembering all the pain and suffering they had endured by the hands of the white man.