ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Great Gatsby Chapter Three Analysis

Updated on April 6, 2013

Interestingly, Fitzgerald delays Gatsby’s introduction to chapter three, which adds to the rising action of the chapter. Moreover through the description of Gatsby’s party, Fitzgerald supports the novella as a tragedy.

Fitzgerald begins by by presenting a discrepancy between appearance and reality, in doing so he censures Gatsby’s society and displays the fragility of Gatsby’s dream. The image of Gatsby’s “blue garden’s” are especially relevant as they demonstrate the illusory nature of Gatsby’s parties, and through the colour “blue” Fitzgerald presents the parties as an escape from reality. Gatsby’s guests are referred to as “moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars...”- a metaphor Fitzgerald uses to present societies attraction to the appearance of wealth and grandeur of the parties. However like a “moth”, the guests are eventually consumed by the this appearance of wealth. This image is reinforced as Fitzgerald describes the “five crates of oranges and lemons...”, again there is a discrepancy between the outside appearance and the inner reality, epitomising the illusory nature of Gatsby’s parties, and more so his dream. Later in the chapter a “middle aged man, with enormous owl-eyed spectacles”, firstly the “spectacles” symbolise his ability to see through the facade of Gatsby. He perceptively notes that although the books are “absolutely real” he “knew when to stop-didn’t cut the pages”, demonstrating the books hadn’t been read. Again, although at the surface there is a sense of “realism”, the ‘inner’ reality contradicts the appearance. Furthermore the fact that “if one brick was removed the whole library was liable to collapse” emphasises the fragility of Gatsby’s dream, and hints at the impossibility of its success. As the ‘rising action’ takes form, Gatsby’s noble or even heroic aims are already deemed to fail which reinforces the novella as a 20th century American tragedy. Fitzgerald makes this even clearer, in presenting, “the owl eyed man”, who had unveiled Gatsby’s true reality, in connection with the ‘car crash’, foreshadowing Myrtle’s death which leads to Gatsby’s downfall. Even structurally, both the fact that Fitzgerald introduces Gatsby as late as chapter 3; also presenting him constantly in isolation , and “The Great Gatsby” being attributed to his name contributes to Fitzgerald’s presentation of him as a tragic hero.

Moreover, chapter 3 is also pivotal in conveying Fitzgerald’s novella as a satire. Aside from its structural importance, the car crash demonstrates the damaging effects of the excessive nature of modernism. The “violent” accident at Gatsby’s party adumbrates Myrtles, horrific, gruesome death in chapter seven, thus cars, in this novel, bring out the worst in people. It’s relevant that the first event of tragic implication occurs in the setting of Gatsby’s party, a setting used to expose, incriminatingly, the wanton immortality of Gatsby’s society.

How does Fitzgerald tell the story

Form
Gatsby as tragic hero reinforces novel as a tragedy
 
Gatsby's parties reinforce the novel as a satire
Structure
Gatsby's late introduction
 
Rising Action of chapter
Language
Imagery of books, oranges, colour
 
Description of Gatsby's smile

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)