The Mercy Of Allah Towards His Slave (part 1)
Allah the Almighty is the most beneficent and the most merciful has two names Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim which has similar meanings. These two names are derived from the word Ar- Rahmah (the mercy), but Rahman has more meanings that pertain to mercy than Ar-Rahim.
This is to say that He is Ar-Rahman with all creation and Ar-Rahim only with the believers.
How many times have we read His name Ar-Rahman,Ar-Rahim and Ghaffur in the Quran and called out to Allah who is all knowing and all hearing with these names. But, have we fully understood how Merciful & benevolent Allah (swt) really is!?
To explain the same let me start with a hadith Qudise.
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over my wrath. (Agreed upon)
They are many verses in Qur'an where Allah The All-Mighty repeatedly says that He is Gaffurur and Raheem
Allah says in Qur'an When those who believe in Our Ayat come to you, say: "your Lord has written mercy for Himself, so that, if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds, then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.(6:54)
"Say: "O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Despair not of the mercy of Allah, verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.'' (39:53)
This Ayah is a call to all sinners, be they disbelievers or others, to repent and turn to Allah. This Ayah tells us that Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, will forgive all the sins of those who repent to Him and turn back to Him, no matter what or how many his sins are, even if they are like the foam of the sea.
This cannot be interpreted as meaning that sins will be forgiven without repentance, because Shirk can only be forgiven for the one who repents from it.
Allah says in hadith Qudise.
On the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: "Allah the Almighty said: 'O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.'" (Tirmidhi)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
"I heard the Messenger of Allah, say: By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, if you were to commit sin until your sins filled the space between heaven and earth, then you were to ask Allah for forgiveness, He would forgive you.
By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, if you did not commit sin, Allah would bring other people who would commit sins and then, ask Allah for forgiveness so that He could forgive them.''
Allah encourages His servants to hasten to repent. He is more delighted with the repentance of His slave than a person who lost his camel in a desert and then finds it.
A man was in a desert alone, with no provisions, or people, and he lost his camel. He searched, but in vain. So he went to sleep awaiting death! He lost hope in finding his camel and lost hope in life, for his food and drink were on the lost camel.
Then suddenly, in this state of hopelessness, he finds his camel right in front of him.
What is comparable to such happiness? No one can truly relate to such joy except one who was in the same situation. Indeed, it is great joy; joy of life after death. For this reason he took hold of its reins and cried, “'O Allah, You are my slave and I am Your Rabb!'” He wanted to praise Allah saying: 'O Allah, You are my Lord and I am Your Slave', but due to his extreme joy, he mistakenly said it the other way.
It is evident from above hadith that Allah's happiness is with the repentance of His slave, and that He – The Lord All-Mighty – loves this deed greatly. But this is not due to His need for our deeds and repentance, for Allah is Free of needs from us, rather this is due to Allah's love for Generosity, for He (SWT), loves to Pardon and Forgive. This is more beloved to Him than taking retribution and imposing punishment. The Lord All-Mighty is also willing to forgive even the most despicable people on Earth, provided that they turn back to Allah (SWT) with forgiveness Allah says in Qur'an
" Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women, and then do not turn in repentance, then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri, may Allah have mercy on him, said,
"Look at this generosity and kindness! They killed His close friends (believers) but He still called them to repentance and forgiveness.'' (Tafsir Ibn kathir )
Truly the Mercy of Allah knows no bounds.
The Two Sahihs record the Hadith of Abu Sa`id, may Allah be pleased with him, from Messenger of Allah about the man who killed ninety-nine people. Later on, he regretted it and asked a worshiper among the Children of Israel whether he could repent. He told him no, so he killed him, thus completing one hundred.
Then he asked one of their scholars whether he could repent. He said, "What is stopping you from repenting?'' Then he told him to go to a town where Allah was worshiped.
He set out for that town, but death came to him while he was on the road. The angels of mercy and the angels of punishment disputed over him, so Allah commanded them to measure the distance between the two towns; whichever he was closer to was the one to which he belonged. They found that he was closer to the town he was heading for, so the angels of mercy took him.
The Lord All-Mighty is just looking for a reason to send his believers to paradise. For instance in the above hadith, the man was sent to paradise because he set out to seek knowledge and turn to his Lord in repentance.
Few similar narrations are:-
1) A person was going along the path he found a thorny branch upon it. He pushed it to a side and Allah approved (this action) of his and (as a mark of appreciation) granted him pardon (Bukhari )
2) A person enjoying himself in Paradise because of the tree that he cut from the path which was a source of inconvenience to the people.
3) A prostitute who was sent to paradise because she gave water to a thirsty dog.
4) The messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
Your Lord delights at a shepherd who, on the peak of a mountain cave, gives the call to prayer and prays. Then Allah (glorified and exalted be He) says: Look at this servant of Mine, he gives the call to prayer and performs the prayers; he is in awe of Me. I have forgiven My servant [his sins] and have admitted him to Paradise. (An-Nasa'i)
5) The Messenger of Allah (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: A man from among those who were before you was called to account. Nothing in the way of good was found for him except that he used to have dealings with people and, being well-to-do, he would order his servants to let off the man in straitened circumstances [from repaying his debt]. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said that Allah said: We are worthier than you of that (of being so generous). Let him off. (Agreed upon)
6) the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: A man sinned greatly against himself, and when death came to him he charged his sons, saying: When I have died, burn me, then crush me and scatter [my ashes] into the sea, for, by Allah, if my Lord takes possession of me, He will punish me in a manner in which He has punished no one [else]. So they did that to him. Then He said to the earth: Produce what you have taken-and there he was! And He said to him: What induced you to do what you did? He said: Being afraid of You, O my Lord (or he said: Being frightened of you) and because of that He forgave him. (Agreed upon)
And there are many more ahadith which shows how merciful our Lord Almighty is. If HE is pleased with any of your act, no matter how trivial it may look to us, it can be our ticket to our paradise. So always try to seek the pleasure of Allah by doing good and refrain from evil.
An acquaintance of mine once complained that “Definitely the Lord All-Mighty is Oft-Forgiving, without a doubt, but he shouldn't have created such a stern punishment for the dwellers of hell!"
What I say is. Who are we to even make such a REMARK!?
Didn't we make a covenant with Allah before being sent down to Earth, that Allah is our Lord? And breaching this covenant means receiving sever wrath of Allah in the form of HELL.
Didn't Allah give us so many signs and also sent Warner's (The Prophets) to correct us?
Does one think that they are more Merciful than the All-Mighty (nauzubillah)?
For certainly Allah is 99 times more Merciful than all of the beings put together on Earth.
Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah created mercy in one hundred parts and Has retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and He has sent down upon the earth one part, and it is because of this one part that there is mutual love among the creation so much so that the animal lifts up its hoof from its young one, fearing that it might harm it. (Muslim)
Verily, Allah is for mankind, full of kindness.
"But verily, your Lord is full of forgiveness for mankind in spite of their wrongdoing. And verily, your Lord is severe in punishment. (13:6)
In the end I would say, that the people who are sent to hell deserve it, they brought that upon themselves.
For certainly Allah is the Most Merciful and best Judge and none will be given more or less than they deserve. The justice demand that there be a judgement day, because good is not always victorious in life. Sometimes evil overpowers good. WILL SUCH CRIMES GO UNPUNISHED? If we suppose there is no Day of Judgement, then a great injustice will have prevailed, but Allah has forbidden injustice to be incurred by HIMSELF or HIS subjects. Therefore the existence of THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT, a day of accounting of our deeds and being rewarded or punished for them, reveals THE EXTEND OF ALLAH'S JUSTICE. To read second part click hear