Shakespeare - The Man and His Legacy
Who was William Shakespeare and what did he contribute to literature?
William Shakespeare is regarded as one of the greatest playwrights and poets and dramatist extraordinaire.Hiss reputation has outlived him as all his works remain popular pieces and have been reenacted on stage and exhibited in movies on numerous occasions.
Shakespeare was born in Stratford upon Avon where he spent his formative years and at age 18 got married to Ann Hathaway. This union produced 3 children. He then went to London and this is where his literary career began. Initially he started out as an actor in London and then gradually began to write. Though much is not known about life he was a part owner of the playing company called the King’s Men. This venture brought him financial prosperity. He became the official playwright to the King of England.
Sonnet 18 by Shakespeare
In his last days he wrote a number of romantic plays known as tragicomedies with some other playwrights. His solo works were preserved by Henry Condell and John Heminges which is what most of us are privy to today. None of his original works have been preserved.
Shakespeare was not as popular during his lifetime as he is now. He has been compared to the great playwrights from Rome and Greece and was lauded as the best writer of comedy and tragedy. Even his rival Ben Johnson had good things to say about Shakespeare. He was so popular in fact that he ascended to the status of being a gentleman when his family was granted a coat of arms. With this and his new begotten fortune from his plays he was able to purchase land around his hometown of Stratford.
Shakespeare's works were mostly written in prose and iambic pentameter which is how he patterned the syllables in his lines of poetry. Punctuation was also added to strengthen the rhythm. It all aided with how his work would be received. His works were the production of a creative genius, a man ahead of his time. It is a tribute to Shakespeare's enduring fame and universal appeal, that many of the situations highlighted in his poems are recurrent themes in today’s society. It is his superb wit and skill with manipulating the plot to create that heightened sense of drama which have made him arguably the most popular playwright of his time.
Over the years Shakespeare has become a sort of trademark. His plays are famous all around the world and as such have been translated into many languages for teaching purposes.
Despite the universal popularity and fame of Shakespeare's works, very little is known about the man himself. We are not even sure what Shakespeare looked like. The portrait that is most often believed to be a depiction of the man, was painted long after he died and may not be a true likeness at all.
And for a man who wrote some of the most iconic works in English literature, there are scarcely any examples of anything in his own handwriting except for a few legal documents. His absence from the stage has led many to believe that the plays were not written by Shakespeare at all, and that William Shakespeare was essentially a pseudonym for someone else, possibly someone in high society who did not want his reputation at court sullied by engaging in the mundane work of a playwright. There are many conspiracy theories that Shakespeare was really just the front or pseudonym for another playwright. Some are more far fetched than others. One of the more credible of these theories, which is supported by a some actual research holds that Sir Francis Bacon was the true author of Shakespeare's plays. If true, it means that we have been the victims of one of the most elaborate literary hoaxes in history.