ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Books, Literature, and Writing»
  • Commercial & Creative Writing»
  • Making Money as a Writer

Summaries for Online Article Writing

Updated on March 21, 2013
Summaries are a synopsis of the article.
Summaries are a synopsis of the article. | Source

By Joan Whetzel

When writing articles for websites, blogs, and other journalistic endeavors, most sites require a summary - sometimes called a teaser - for each article a writer publishes online. Some News organizations simply use the first paragraph as the summary. If no summary is provided for an article, the search engines are forced to use the first paragraph of the article as the summary/teaser. Using the first paragraph as a teaser may not be the best choice for attracting readers, though. The ability to write a good summary could mean the difference between creating a following and loss of earnings over time.


What Is a Summary for Articles Published Online?

In essence, a summary provides an abridged or concentrated version of the article. It is not meant to be an essay, but more of a brief introduction to readers about the article's content. It is not the same overview that is provided by the first paragraph, though. Using the first paragraph as the summary, in fact, may turn off many readers because it forces them to re-read that paragraph after clicking on the article link. It may also indicate to readers that neither the writer nor the site where the article is published takes the website seriously enough to generate original content. In other words, the writer and the site owners could not be bothered to create a summary that is unique and different enough from the article itself to draw-in potential readers. Make the readers re-read enough first paragraphs, and pretty soon they quit stopping by. Summaries for online articles and blogs are usually uploaded in a separate window, which means they will not appear as part of the article but only as part of keyword searches on that topic.

The Purpose of Providing a Summary when Publishing Articles Online

There are several reasons for writing a summary for inclusion with online articles.

1. It gives the reader a broad overview of the article's content - a taste of what the article promises.

2. It sets your article apart from the tens, or hundreds, or thousands of other articles on the same topic.

3. It makes your article sound more interesting than all those other articles and offers potential readers a reason to stop by and read yours first.

4. It is a quick and efficient way to let readers know what the article is about.

5. It helps readers decide whether this article is something they have time to read now or whether to they should bookmark it for a later time.

6. It simplifies complex information, giving readers a quick snapshot of the article promises, without bogging them down in the details.

7. In today's world, most people don't have the time to read entire articles. Scanning the summary may be all the time they are able to devote to any article that doesn't interest them. If the summary is well written, it will intrigue those readers enough to entice them stop by and read the whole article.

8. Some readers remember more from the summary than from what they have read in the entire article.

9. It's the writer's sales pitch.

Types of Summaries

There are three basic types of summaries - informational, analytical and provocative.

What to Include in each type of summary.
What to Include in each type of summary. | Source

Informational Summaries provide an overview in about 2 to 3 sentences, which is concise enough to grab the readers' attention but does not provide as much of an overview as the article's first paragraph. It also doesn't highlight the most important points in the article, which is the function of the first paragraph. The function of this type of summary is to provide a more general overview, or a layer of information between the article title and the article itself.

Analytical Summaries interpret the information provided in the article, emphasizing the how and why of the information it provides. Readers will discover the who, what, when, or where by diving into the article. The writer using this type of summary tells readers just enough to make them want to read further in order to find out the rest of the story. This type of summary is a teaser. The writer can include his or her own point of view for this as long as the information, rather than the writer's attitude, does the talking (to the reader).

Provocative Summaries is aimed at piquing readers' interest, not only by providing information about the article, but by expressing an opinion or allowing the writer's attitude to become a part of the summary. This can be accomplished through the use of humor, sarcasm, irony, alliteration, or any other literary device that will cause the reader to ponder the article's topic, to entertain readers, and to persuade them to read the article.

Elements of a Good Summary

The elements that go into creating a good summary include the following:

· It should be concise and complete.

· It should be objective.

· It demonstrates an understanding of the topic on the part of the writer.

· It gives readers a reason to click on the link and read the article.

· It uses about 4 to 7 keywords that are correlated with the article's topic.

· It may ask a questions that helps readers identify what they are trying to do or a dilemma that they are trying to solve.

· It may briefly identify a solution to a problem.

· It may inform readers about what they need to do and why.

A good summary does not do the following:

· It does not repeat the articles title or use the author's name.

· It does not promote the author, the author's business, or the author's other articles.

· It does not include the writer's contact information or the URL from his or her personal website(s).

· It does include blatant self-promotion on the part of the author.

Summary Length

Summaries are the same the same thing as a synopsis. They should be precise and brief, not a rewrite of the original essay or article. Summaries for online articles and blogs should be no longer than 2 to 7 sentences in length.

Writing a Good Summary That Is Concise, Complete, and Objective

A summary is concise and complete when the author captures the main ideas of the article with some well chosen words and a general characterization of the article's content, making sure to leave out the supporting details. An objective summary, in most cases, omits the writer's opinions, with the exception of the provocative summaries where those opinions are aimed at sparking the readers' interest. Consider these tips for writing a good summary.

1. Don't begin with phrases like "I'm going to tell you how to do (topic)" or "This article is about…" Instead, include some provocative hooks to entice readers with the benefits to be gleaned from reading the article.

2. The summary is a teaser, so don't give away the whole story.

3. Sell the reader with the why and how of the article's topic.

4. Do not include tips or strategies in the summary; leave them for the body of the article.

5. Include the use of buzz words and keywords without going overboard.

Make it unique, using your own original writing style. Never copy another writer's words or writing style.



Santa Rosa Junior College, Online Writing Lab. Writing Summaries.

JProf. Writing Summaries.

Santa Monica College. Writing a Summary.

Articles Base. Write Summaries that Get More Article Views.

Knight, Christopher. Strategy Guideline. Creating the Perfect Article Summary - 7 Tips.

Article Writing - How to Write a Summary For an Article


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • joanwz profile image

      Joan Whetzel 5 years ago from Katy, Texas

      Thanks joopdoop1, and thank you for reading and taking the time to coment.

    • profile image

      joopdoop1 5 years ago

      Totally agree with your suggestion.. Very nice post and good information here..Thanks for posting that..

    • Lizolivia profile image

      Lizolivia 5 years ago from Central USA

      Well written with useful information. Thanks for the helpful reminder that the summary may be just as important as the title.

    • joanwz profile image

      Joan Whetzel 5 years ago from Katy, Texas

      Your certainly welcome Bob. Glad this Hub helped you. Good luck with updating your Hubs and drawing more traffic to them.

    • Bob Bamberg profile image

      Bob Bamberg 5 years ago from Southeastern Massachusetts

      Great hub, Joan. I never wrote summaries because I didn't understand the process or value. I had 109 hubs with "A's" beside them until my personal IT dept., named Eric, showed me.

      My son is a software engineer and I finally got him over to show me some stuff. It's pretty easy once I see it. I'm in the process of adding the summaries...and beefing up the content and pictures...of all my hubs.

      Thanks for bringing additional clarity to the subject. Regards, Bob

    • joanwz profile image

      Joan Whetzel 5 years ago from Katy, Texas

      Thanks Jaye Good luck with your article promotions. Hope they gain more traffic.

    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 5 years ago from Deep South, USA

      Joan....This is an excellent article that clearly explains why all HP articles should have a summary (indeed, the appropriate type of summary for the specific article) if writers want their work to be found by search engines.

      I'm going to read it through again before I add summaries to my hubs that lack them. (Shame on me!) Great timing, as I'm trying to do whatever is needed to make my HP articles "attractive" to Google and other search engines. Thanks for the terrific information. Voted Up+++ and shared....


    • joanwz profile image

      Joan Whetzel 5 years ago from Katy, Texas

      It is important, yet so easy to overlook or pass up in our hurry to get articles and blogs published. But, really it takes so little time to create a summary.

    • rfmoran profile image

      Russ Moran - The Write Stuff 5 years ago from Long Island, New York

      Solid advice here Joan. Because the summary is the second to last thing you do when assembling a hub, our tendancy (or at least mine) is to hurry through it to get the hub done. Your excellent hub reminds us to PAY ATTENTION to one of the most important parts of an article.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)