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7 Tips for Writing Flash Fiction

Updated on August 23, 2014

What is Flash Fiction?

Flash forward to flash fiction, a form of fiction writing which is increasing in popularity day by day. Flash Fiction goes by several names including: Micro Fiction, Sudden Fiction, Fast Fiction and Short-short stories. It is a short form of storytelling, in which a writer must build a complete story in less than 1000-2000 words. However this criteria may vary from writer to writer or editor to editor. Some writers believe that a complete story told in 75 words or less is true flash fiction, while others believe that 100-500 words make a short-short story. Most magazines have a 2000 maximum and are favorable of shorter pieces. There are even twitter short story publishers, who only accept and publish 145 character short story tweets. As you can see, the guidelines to writing flash fiction are very hazy and flexible. Flash Fiction has only just begun to become popular among writers and publishers though it has been around for years. Many publications, online and in print, have shifted their focus to flash fiction. So why shouldn’t you too?

Micro Fiction is a great way to improve your skills for writing longer pieces, is challenging and fun. It can also help you to write better by forcing you to get rid of the clutter we put into our writing all the time. Below are some tips to get you started on your journey into the world of Flash Fiction.

By churl on
By churl on | Source

Plotting a Flash Fiction Piece

Writing a complete story in less than 2, 000 words can be daunting. But in truth, though challenging, it is not as hard as one may think. Like any story, a short short must have a beginning, a middle and an ending. It also must have a conflict, climax, resolution and a character change. These elements are what make it a complete story.

The best way to begin a piece of flash fiction is to develop a main character and write the piece around them. Choose a conflict or problem and start in the middle of the action or at the climax. As you go through the story you can then reveal backstory or background information that ties into the current situation. At the end, you'll still need to resolve the problem or conflict that you established in the beginning. Now here's the thing, in order to make your piece a story and not just a scene, you must present a character change at the end. How does the resolution to the conflict or problem change your character? This is an important question as it will complete your piece and make it a story.

Below you'll find further tips and exercises for writing flash fiction.

Wordplay on Youtube: Short Stories Challenge

Tips for Writing Flash Fiction

  1. Picking a topic – Narrowing it down.
    - When writing flash fiction, the smaller and more specific the topic the better. Look for precise ideas in broad topics and build on them. Take a topic like coming of age; narrow it down. Pick out some specific events that show the coming of age in young adolescents. For example: failing a class, standing up to a bully (or not), a girl’s first period, prom night or high school graduation. Now choose one of those events and write a story about it.
  2. No long-winded introductions – Short and sweet is key.
    - It’s fast fiction, you don’t want to spend too much time on the introduction. Yes, you want to get as much background as possible but you don’t want to go over your word count and you don’t want to lose your reader. Try to fit everything you need in the first paragraph and then get on with your story. For example, a character’s background info can be worked into the story through flashbacks and memories rather than laying it all out in the opening paragraphs. Rope your readers in, then worry about background information.
  3. Roping in your reader – Start in the middle of the action.
    - Begin right away with the action. Try to remember that flash fiction is usually a single scene in time; one moment that sticks out. Don’t describe more than you have to; let the reader fill in some of the blanks. This will keep them wanting more and in turn keep them reading your story.
  4. Think like a camera lens – Focus on a single moment or image in time.
    - As I said this is meant to be one moment in time. Focus on one powerful image to base your story around. For example: a deserted town or a cresting river. Paint a picture with your words.
  5. Don’t give your reader everything at once – Keep the suspense going.
    - It’s okay if your reader has no idea what’s going on in the majority of the story. Just tie it all together in the end with a nice bow. They’ll keep reading out of sheer curiosity and a wanting for understanding. This goes with roping in the readers.
  6. Using common knowledge is helpful – Reference telltale facts.
    - If your story is part of something that is commonly known than references will save you time and words. Refer to historical events, location, etc. For example: say your story takes place in 1920s, a single word like prohibition or a phrase like economic boom, would reference that entire era. By doing this you give the reader a load of background information in a single sentence.
  7. Give the readers a shock – Twist endings are best for flash fiction.
    - Unlike a novel or short story, in flash fiction there is simply not enough time or space to build up your story through its characters and background details. This can make it hard to come up with an ending that packs a punch for the readers. In this case, we can turn to the twist ending. Leave your readers with their mouth agape in surprise at the unexpected turn of events.

Flash Fiction Exercises

In one respect, Flash fiction in and of itself is a great exercise for writing longer pieces of literature. However there are exercises to help you master the brevity that is needed in short-short stories. Flash Fiction exercises teach you the importance of writing to a word count, avoiding clutter, word choice and usage, and organizing your thoughts. Below are just a few exercises that I like to use when writing flash fiction.

  • Pick 10 people you know and write a one sentence description of them.
  • Write a 500 word autobiography.
  • Write a 500-1000 word short story about a picture.
  • Create a scene where a character will face a life-altering moment. No more than 1 page, front and back.
  • Write a 10 word sentence that sums up your day.

These are only a few that I enjoy and that really help me. You can find tons more just by surfing the internet or visiting your local library or bookstore.

Flash fiction if fun and challenging. It’s gaining popularity faster and faster every day. Magazines are very favorable when it comes to micro fiction submissions. Not to mention writing short-short stories can improve your skills for longer pieces. So challenge yourself and have fun trying something new.

What do you think is a good word count range for Flash Fiction?

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© 2011 Skylar Spring

Do you write flash fiction for publication? Do you use it as a tool to improve your writing skills?

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    • Paxash profile image

      Darcie Nadel 13 months ago from Louisiana

      Flash fiction is my favorite writing format, because it lets me focus on just a single scene rather than needing to plot out a long spanning story. These are some great tips I'll be sure to keep in mind while I'm writing.

    • thetruanttrain profile image

      Lorraine 19 months ago from Montreal

      One great thing I love about Flash Fiction is it can give you a sense of achievement, especially if you are someone (like myself) who starts stories and doesn't finish them. Another thing I like about them is that sometimes they continue to grow and before you know it you have a short story. Once I started a short that kept going and started to become a novel, but like I said before - I didn't finish it. Good article-makes me want to try and write another flash fiction. Thx.

    • Jo Harley profile image

      Joleen Friesen 3 years ago from Alberta Canada

      This is an excellent piece. Thanks for the info.

      I just found out what I write best so I'll keep on keeping on!!! (not like I was planning to do something else. lol)!!!

    • cam8510 profile image

      Chris Mills 3 years ago from Maple City, Michigan

      Excellent description of my favorite fiction format. I was just posting a flash fiction story and your hub was one of the related articles featured on the page. Glad I could get over and enjoy your take on flash fiction.

    • MirandaWritesStuf profile image

      Miranda R. 3 years ago from Arkansas

      Thanks for the info!!

    • profile image

      kelsmcdaniel 4 years ago

      Love tip #4! I write a lot of poetry and this is wonderful advice! Really great for any type of writing!

    • hayleejalyn profile image

      Haylee Jalyn Swinford 5 years ago from Albuquerque, NM

      I've heard this term thrown around a time or two. Turns out it's a type of fiction I love to write for warm-ups and exercises. Thanks for this helpful list of tips.

    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 5 years ago from Deep South, USA

      I've recently begun writing flash fiction--one at less than 500 words, the other ranging upwards to 700+ word count, but all less than 1,000. I'm publishing them on HubPages, including a series of short-shorts that link to form a character's back story for the first in the series (which was also the ending, if that makes sense). It's so much fun I'm getting addicted to the flash fiction form! Writing a very short story while including all the necessary story elements is a good challenge for this aging brain!

      Good hub. Voted Up++


    • profile image

      Ruth Pieterse 5 years ago

      Some good ideas. Thanks!

    • John B Badd profile image

      John B Badd 5 years ago from Saint Louis, MO

      Great Hub Skylar, I am making a magazine for comic-genre flash fiction and I think many of my readers would find this hub helpful

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

      I have done few flash fictions and published on hubpages. Flash fictions are more challenging because you have to be very careful about word limit. Some say short stories under thousand words are flash fictions, other say flash fictions must be 400 of less words.