ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Genesis of Chinese Uighur Dispute

Updated on October 13, 2021
Nyamweya profile image

Nyamweya is a global researcher with many years of experience on practical research on a diversity of topics

Xinjiang Uyghur is an autonomous region that is found in the North West of China. This region which spans over 1.6m km2 is the largest administrative division in the country. Xinjiang borders Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. There is plenty of oil reserve and is one of the largest producers of natural gas.

Xinjiang is populated by Turkic Uighurs, who claim that China suppresses their culture and Sunni Muslim faith with human rights abuses such as mass abortions, forced termination of marriages and Han Chinese colonization (now 40% of population) and domination. Most Uighurs seeks autonomy within China, while some support Muslim extremism and independence. Since the attacks on the US on September 11, the Chinese bureaucracy has seized on the pretext of the Bush administration’s “war on terrorism” to justify intensified repression against ethic Uighurs in Xinjiang. Beijing accused the separatist groups of having connections with Osama bin Laden’s “global terrorist network” and of receiving training in Afghanistan, to wage a “violent campaign” for an independent Eastern Turkestan.

The history of the Uighurs is so controversial in the sense that most of the things in the community including the community’s name and the spelling of the word Uighur" is hotly contested. The government of China has been recently interested with this territory which has appeared to be rich in both oil and natural gas. The government says that this part cannot whatsoever be separated from the China since it has been part of it for more than 2000 years. The government campaign on economic development in this place is aimed at rapid development of the place where it has filled the place with skyscrapers and pipelines and other developments. However, many Uighurs are of the opposing view of such a stance of the government and perceive the government and the Han people as “Colonizers” and occupiers of their territory.

Many in the Uighur community also claim that they are culturally and economically disadvantaged. In addition, they encounter widespread discrimination emanating from the massive influx of ethnic Han Chinese in that particular region. Since the extensive riots in Xinjiang in 2009 that resulted into more than 200 people being butchered in Urumqi city, the ethnic tensions have been simmering since that time. These tensions have subsequently regenerated into clashes, which have mandated the Chinese community to initiate a heavy crackdown on the community.

The Uyghurs have further claimed to be experiencing cultural and religious discrimination by their Hans Chinese counterparts. This animosity emanated from the discovery of natural gas and oil in the region. Due to these essential resources, The Hans Chinese has trooped in the region with much vigor of exploiting these resources. This invasion of people is what particularly intensified the already worsening relationship between the Uyghurs and the Hans Chinese from the conflict of religion, social as well as cultural differences. Additionally, this trooping of the Hans Chinese has resulted into not only the overuse and extraction of natural resources but also over extraction of land such a land and water. This has further regenerated into the Uyghurs to make their campaign move strong through violent moves so that they could reclaim their land to curb political and religious oppression. They have gone to the extreme to demand their own, independent Uyghur state.

The Han Chinese is a group of people who originally come from Eastern China. They are the predominant ethnic group who constitute more than 91% of the population in China. In Xinjiang province, the Han have in recent times come to be recognized as the largest minorities, constituting of more than 40% of the total population. This ethnic group is religiously and linguistically diverse whereby, the majority of them have a strong belief in Buddhism, Taosm, or Confucianism. The specific language dialects of the Han Chinese are based on geographical location and include the Wu dialect, the Mandarin, Gan dialect, Cantonese, Min dialect, and Hakkads. This population dominates many workplaces, in fact, majority of government personnel are Han. This has basically resulted into the economic disparity between the Uighur and Han since the latter has more political advantage than the former.

There are more than 30 millions Hans Chinese in this state. Though some of these people were grown up in Xinjiang, majority of them migrated from the countryside in early 1970S. The main reason of their migration was to get out of the countryside that was poor into the urban town of Uyghur, which they perceived as having a potential to sustain them.

The Chinese government by 2000 initiated what it had called “ago west policy” which pointed out that there are more interests than those of increasing growth in West China. These interests are not just about the essential natural resources but also extracting them as potential for the national economy. By doing this, China is particularly taking away the livelihood of Uyghurs and their survival means resulting into two situations, the Uyghurs being left to flounder on their own with no means of support and the community becoming increasingly dissatisfied and probably leading to an increase in the mentality of being an extremists.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)