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The Life of Jawaharlal Nehru - An Autobiographical overview

Updated on June 29, 2016

"India will awake to freedom when the world sleeps"

The Early life

I was born in the year 1889 at Allahabad. My father, Motilal Nehru was an eminent freedom fighter. I graduated from The Cambridge University and I was a barrister by profession. I was married to Kamala at an age of 17. We were blessed with a daughter in the year 1917 and I named her 'Indira'.

India's Freedom Struggle

My father's commitment and Gandhiji's speeches inspired me to take part in India's freedom movement. I knew that I could impart my knowledge in law and politics and contribute towards the freedom movement in India. It was during the year 1920 that I became an active part in India's freedom struggle. I took part in the civil disobedience movement where we boycotted the foreign products. This was under the leadership of my father Motilal Nehru. There were two types of freedom fighters in India during that period, namely 'Extremists' and 'Moderates'.

My father was a 'Moderate' by nature. However, the situations were not very smooth after the non-co-operation movement and the chauri Chaura incident. The angry mob burnt a police station and killed few policemen in Chauri Chaura. I was arrested for anti-governmental activities and was sentenced to jail for few months. The Chauri Chaura incident forced us to withdraw the non-co-operation movement. Unfortunately this led to the formation of a new party by my father. However, I decided to stay loyal with Indian National Congress and Gandhiji.

Gradually, I became an active congress worker. Initially I was entrusted with the task of spreading Nationalism among the common men and awakening them towards the dream of a free India. I did my job well and the result was that, every Indian dreamt of a free India who had an identity of her own.

Then came the 'Quit India' movement where I actively took part and also took over the presidentship of the congress party. After the Quit India movement, I was arrested again and was sentenced to jail. Most of my fellow congressmen were also arrested. This in turn helped the 'league' to grow stronger and they were successful in spreading the need for a separate Muslim Nation. This concept was not so strong prior to my arrest. Jinnah took advantage of the situation and gradually grew in terms of political power. He coined the dream of a separate muslin Nation. While I was in jail I wrote my book 'Discovery of India'.

Tryst with Destiny

In 1947, I became the first Prime Minister of free India. During that time, I gave a speech which said like this "India will awake to freedom when the world sleeps". I was sure that these words will echo in the minds of every Indian for a long time. Till 1964 I was the undisputed Prime minister of India. I successfully implemented the first five year plan and also played a key role in kick starting the NAM - Non aligned movement.

India stamp depicting Nehrus pic
India stamp depicting Nehrus pic
A model of the famous 'Nehru Cap'
A model of the famous 'Nehru Cap'

A speech by Jawaharlal Nehru

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