ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Ministry of Utmost Happiness

Updated on June 6, 2020


The Ministry of Utmost Happiness is the second fictional novel by Indian author Arundhati Roy. Arundhati Roy is a human activist and a social worker, she is an advocate for the independence of Kashmir. She mostly conjures up a world that is brutal but realistic. Published on 6th June 2017, twenty years after her debut novel this novel was nominated for National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction.


Love, after all, is the ingredient that separates a sacrifice from ordinary, everyday butchery.

— Arundhati Roy


It is very rare to find a novel that cuts through barbed wires of nationality, caste, and religion to reveal bare truth about humanity. This novel deals with some of the most macabre episodes of Indian history, from Godhra train burning, Kashmir freedom struggle to Gujrat massacre of Muslims by Hindus. The reality that was webbed into the words in this novel was not palpable and digestible for the Hindu lot and as a result, this novel sparked up controversy and earned a lot of criticism as the author exclusively highlighted the atrocities committed by the Indian army against innocent Kashmiris through fictional characters, it also highlighted the fascism and caste system present in the Hindu community. Arundhati Roy in her book courageously criticizes the media as to how it alters the reality on the ground to suit the appetite of the Indian audience. Arundhati Roy dedicates this book to the outcasts and unconsoled, people who are rejected by society, this book commemorates their struggles. Roy beautifully uses imagery to jog the reader’s memory and aesthetic sense. This novel isn’t concerned with the conventional task of fiction to evoke drama of consciousness rather it allows us to feel the pain of people who went through and are still going through horrible genocides. The story has two strands one follows Anjum a transgender who is in a constant struggle with the norms laid down by people to which the society expects him to conform to and the other strand follows Tilotoma a thorny, architect turned Christian girl born out of wedlock and three boys Biblap ( a senior officer in intelligence ), Naga ( a journalist ) and Musa ( a Kashmiri freedom fighter ) who are in love with Tilo. Ministry of utmost happiness is an amazing blend of love and tragedy, it consoles the people who had their worlds ripped apart. Whilst it consoles the dejected, it criticizes the atrocities committed on the basis of religion. This book has a very profound message that family doesn’t end with blood, anyone you care about and love becomes your family. Roy has beautifully used fictional characters to pinpoint the vices present in India. It pays homage to the people of Kashmir, Assam, and Nagaland for their freedom struggle. It hints at the fact that how India is using war for her own benefit. Ministry of utmost happiness is a real tear-jerker and gives one a good jolt of reality and a clear picture of Kashmir. I would strongly recommend this book as it takes you to the world of outcasts and allows you to feel their pain. As the novel comes to its end Roy reveals the meaning of the Ministry of utmost happiness, Roy in her book gave the name Ministry of utmost happiness to the Jannat guest house where all the outcasts and rejected loved each other without any discrimination. After reading this book I wish that the world could transform into a Ministry of utmost happiness. Happy Reading!


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)