ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

UP THE IRISH!-V- RISING OF THE MOON 1798

Updated on April 15, 2013

UP THE IRISH!-V- RISING OF THE MOON 1798

Though the 17th century mercifully ended for Ireland, the 18th would bring little relief, at least to the native Catholic population. Their status was succinctly stated by the English Lord Chancellor Bowes, “The law does not suppose any such person to exist as an Irish Roman Catholic.” Indeed, the Penal Laws enacted basically stripped Catholics of any legal standing in their own country. Edmund Burke, a Whig member of Parliament put England’s treatment of the Emerald Isle in this way: “Every measure was pleasing and popular just in proportion as it tended to harass and ruin a set of people who were looked upon as enemies to God and man; indeed, as a race of savages who were a disgrace to human nature itself.”


The Gaelic language and Catholicism were banned, clergy outlawed. To preserve their culture and traditions, the Irish took to the hills. Masses were said in secret and the famous hedgerow schools conducted across the island.


When the night shall lift from Erin’s hills,

T’were shame if we forget

One band of unsung heroes whom freedom owes a debt

When we brim high cups to brave ones then, their memory let us pledge

Who gathered their ragged classes behind a friendly hedge

“The HedgeSchool Masters”- Seamus MacManus


By the late 1700’s, there were some who began to call for better relations with Catholics, like the Protestant Bishop of Killala in 1793- “I look upon our Catholic brethren as fellow subjects and fellow Christians, believers in the same God and partners in the same redemption. As children of the same Father- as travelers on the same road- and seekers of the same salvation, why not love each other as brothers?” Unfortunately, not enough English felt the same way at the time, as Catholic emancipation would not come for another generation. As always, the Irish used humor to help them persevere. The following, which appeared in writing on the town gates of Bandon, is an excellent example- “Town notice: Enter here Turk, Jew, or atheist, any man except a papist.” Written in chalk below the sign: “The man who wrote this, wrote it well, for the same is writ on the gates of Hell.”


While their Catholic neighbors struggled against oppression, Irish Protestants had done much better. They owned the best land, and just about all of it- 95% in 1750; occupied positions of local authority, and were even granted their own Parliament in Dublin. The Irish Parliament oversaw most domestic issues, though its English counterpart retained a final veto and controlled foreign policy. Among some of the Protestant Ascendancy, resentment grew concerning London’s interference in Ireland’s affairs, and a feeling that the Irish, both Protestants and Catholics, would be better off independent from England. One such was Theobold Wolfe Tone, who wrote in 1797- “That the influence of England was the radical vice of our government, and that Ireland would never be either free, prosperous, or happy until she was independent, and that independence was unattainable whilst the connection with England existed.”


One year later, Wolfe Tone launched an abortive uprising against English rule. He had gone to France in search of assistance for the endeavor, yet similar to the Spanish earlier, not enough foreign help would materialize to make a difference. Tone did rally his Catholic countrymen, but their pikes were no match for the muskets and cannons of the English. Wolfe Tone was captured, and sentenced to death. He cheated the hangman, however, by committing suicide in prison. In 1803, Robert Emmet, another Protestant, would also conspire against the English, only to fail. Emmet became famous for his gallows oration- “Let no man write my epitaph. When my country takes her place amongst the nations of the earth, then and not until then, let my epitaph be written.” Two more martyrs for old Ireland, to be celebrated in song and verse:


In Bordenstown church yard there is a green grave

And freely around it let the winter winds rave

For better they suit him- the ruin and gloom

Till Ireland, a nation, can build him a tomb

- “Tone’s Grave”- Thomas Davis


Bold Robert Emmet, the darling of Erin

Bold Robert Emmet, will die with a smile

Farewell companions, both loyal and daring

I’ll lay down my life for the Emerald Isle

“Bold Robert Emmet”- Tom Maguire


The English responded to this latest Irish insolence by abolishing the Dublin Parliament, and further cementing the ties of the two countries in the Act of Union (1800). Ireland could send representatives to London, but the role played in its own governance became seriously diminished. Freedom was still a speck on the horizon, and the quest for it would be interrupted by the greatest tragedy in Erin’s history.


Murmurs passed along the valleys

Like the banshees lonely croon

And a thousand pikes were flashing

At the risin of the moon

“The Rising of the Moon A.D. 1798”- John Keegan Casey

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)