ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

VALIS, by Philip K. Dick: A Life-Changing Novel

Updated on June 2, 2008
thePuck profile image

Known online as “thePuck”, Neal is an author and poet who spends his time thinking, writing, and solving interesting problems.

Portrait of Philip K. Dick Credit: p373 Copyright: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
Portrait of Philip K. Dick Credit: p373 Copyright: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

As a lifelong reader, many books have deeply affected my life and thought, and those books have been both non-fiction and fiction. Many people might wonder how fiction can change a person's life, but often other readers will simply smile and nod knowingly. We all know that a story, a character, or even a passage from a novel can inspire feelings and thoughts so profound that people can spend years re-reading and thinking about them.

Those are the kinds of novels I have assembled into this review. My rule for inclusion was simple: the book had to be one that:

1. I have re-read at various points in my life


2. has directly influenced major choices in my life.

My reason for sharing these novels and my love for them with you is to spread the joy and depth of experience such novels can bring. I hope, if you have not read these before, that you will now, and that they can bring you the same kind of insights and wisdom that they have given me.

VALIS by Philip K. Dick

Many people don't know the authors behind their favorite movies, but fans of science-fiction will readily recognize this unsung genius. His career was prolific, intense, and often tragic, with drugs, financial problems, and failed relationships often leaving him in states of incredible misery. In the midst of this misery, he produced some of the most original, interesting, and intricate stories to grace the page, and his influence on the genre has been profound. Hit movies like Blade Runner, Minority Report, and Total Recall have, even with the added special effects and violence, still managed to address the themes with which Dick was most concerned: empathy, identity, and what it is to be human. The recent film, A Scanner Darkly, arguably the most faithful adaptation of his work yet, further played with the notion of identity, while also addressing the issues of ethics, relationships, and knowledge with which he became most concerned towards the end of his life.

However, there is a concern none of the movie adaptations have addressed, an obsession that fueled Dick's last three novels in both their content and tone. This concern was the divine, and VALIS, the first novel of what is now sometimes called the "VALIS Trilogy" (VALIS, The Divine Invasion, and The Transmigration of Timothy Archer) is one of the books that changed my life.

It turns out that in 1974, Philip K. Dick had a mystical experience. The details of this experience are easy to find elsewhere, but the short version is that after having dental surgery, he noticed a necklace the young woman who delivered his pain medication was wearing. It was the now well-known Christian fish symbol, and she explained the symbol and its origin to him. After she left, he had a long and intense experience, during which he claims to have received information directly from a divine mind or god. Some of this information said that Dick's young son was suffering from a congenital birth defect that could kill him at any moment, and told Dick what to tell the doctors. Sure enough, the child was suffering from exactly that defect, the doctors performed surgery, and the child was fine.

For the rest of his life, Dick attempted to come to terms with this experience. His "VALIS Trilogy", as well as the novel "Radio Free Albemuth", is the result of this endless reflection. Again and again, he questions his sanity, his identity, and his notions of knowledge and truth, and is led back again and again to the basic and irrefutable facts of his experiences. Every equilibrium achieved and answer found is but a short respite from his search, and at the end of Dick's life there is no evidence he came to any real conclusions.

VALIS opens with the character Horselover Fat being confronted by a request for pills by Gloria, a friend who intends to kill herself. Fat, who in fact has no pills, attempts to save her life, though his motives are mixed. Gloria eventually kills herself, and this, for Fat, becomes the symbol of all that is sick, mad, and broken in the world, including his own mind. Gloria's death and the sickness it manifests become for Fat a symptom of an essential irrationality in the universe, a madness in the mind of God.

Fat, it turns out, has had an experience identical to that of Philip K. Dick. He was, at some point prior to the beginning of the novel, bombarded with a type of divine pink laser-light that fired knowledge directly into his awareness. The identity between Fat and Dick becomes problematic immediately, however, because the book quickly shifts point of view to "Phil", an analog of Dick himself. He is the true narrator, though his observations are of Fat's life, mind, and thoughts.

This life and thought is plagued with the questions of human history, philosophy, and theology. For Fat, the divine godhead had revealed itself and then maddeningly hidden itself again, and that combined with Gloria's death acting as symbol of evil and suffering has left him desperate. He toys with various conspiracy theories, obsesses on writing down his experiences and analyzing them in an "exegesis" (which Dick himself had done), all the while descending further into desperation and mania. He has had meaning held out to him and then snatched away and replaced with the corpse of a friend, and this is driving him mad.

His search and obsession also takes its toll on his friends, who do everything they can to help him find some peace and understand what has happened to him. Eventually a connection is discovered with an avant-garde movie called "V.A.L.I.S.", which is said to mean "Vast Active Living Intelligent System" (only a description, not an explanation, Fat sadly notes). The movie has images and messages hidden within it which correlate to Fat's experiences, and so the friends and the vindicated Fat first contact, and then journey to visit, the group who put out the movie.

At the group's compound, they discover a child, Sophia. Sophia is supposed to the mouthpiece for VALIS, and so the group goes to speak with her. She says many things, but the overall message is one of peace and hope, though she says that the people who made the movie have misunderstood her and that Fat's group must leave. The play with identity is resolved as we learn that Horselover Fat has never actually existed, and that the group of friends that are the witnesses to the events of the book have been allowing this dual identity as a way of humoring Phil/Horselover. Horselover is a translation of "philippos", the Greek word which is the source of the name Philip, and Fat is the similar translation of the German word "dick". In a flash, the two become one as the dualism between the divine revealed and death manifested introduced in the beginning of the novel is resolved. Sophia's message is one of resolution through transcendence: the almost Gnostic dualism where life and death, the rational and irrational are locked in struggle is revealed to be instead a dynamic system, a rescue mission for humanity rather than a war.

This is the unstable equilibrium which Dick comes to in each of the books of the "VALIS Trilogy". In each, a dualism is presented about existence itself. Dick is consumed with the deep conviction that there is something wrong with reality, that we as humans have become somehow bound up in a prison by evil forces. At various times the prison is spiritual, physical, political, or even temporal, as Dick's theories about his own experiences change. In the different novels, he works out the experience from different points of view. Each of them address the same issues: a broken reality somehow tied to a broken sense of identity, which must be healed through some sort of cosmic resolution, but each approaches a different aspect of the issue for him. In each, different issues are taken to be important. In VALIS, the personal experience of the incident is what he is trying to resolve, while in The Divine Invasion he is interested in the theological problems. Finally, in The Transmigration of Timothy Archer, the emotional content of the experience is coped with. In each, his solution is uneasy and unstable; he is aware that his resolution is an act of faith, and this makes him uncomfortable, but it is the only resolution which he can come to.

Why did VALIS, and to a lesser degree the "VALIS Trilogy" change my life? Well, in a way what Philip K. Dick went through was an experiential version of the philosophical "Problem of Evil". For people who are drawn to spirituality, this issue is a deep problem. We want the universe to have meaning, and we hunt for that meaning, and when we see suffering and evil that seems to be built in to the universe, the meaning we find is extremely difficult to live with. We look at the universe and see intent, and that this intent seems to be not loving, not even neutral, but insane and cruel. To lose faith in the ultimate goodness of the divine is far worse than to lose faith in the divine. I went through a period where the "Problem of Evil" caused me so much anguish I was suicidal. I know it might seem strange to some people to become suicidal over an obscure problem of theology, but for me it was very serious. If I could not resolve the problem for myself, I would die, and I knew it. I had read VALIS before and had gotten a lot out of it, but during this period I both read the book repeatedly and listened to the VALIS musical by Tod Machover endlessly. Like Dick, and his alter-ego Fat, I was desperate for meaning that both fit my experiences and resolved the problem. Like Fat, I had been stricken to the core by the world, and it had left its sickness and madness inside me to fester.

Without the aid of VALIS, my own spiritual life would never have been resolved, and if that had not occurred I would have committed suicide. The book's solution is not exactly my own, as no two mystics relate to the world in the same way. Dick's resolution for me was too unstable, and I needed something else, which I may eventually write about, but his solution was necessary to my own. Perhaps, if this book had not existed, some other would have taken its place for me, but there is no way to know that.

I would urge this book upon anyone interested in the issues of identity, meaning, and the divine. It is a difficult novel, and in some ways it is not a craftful book. Characters spin in and out of the storyline with almost no development, and even at the best of times the prose is convoluted. The excerpts from Dick's "Exegesis" often read like pre-Socratic philosophy through the distorted lens of psychedelics. However, the value of this novel is not in its storytelling or its philosophical insights. The value of this novel is in the account it gives of a human's dealings with the divine, and in this sense it should be read meditatively. It must be considered and lived with, not simply reduced to its key concepts or plot-twists. Remember that Dick lived and died for the meaning he found in these experiences, and read it with care, consideration, and reflection.

It might just save your life someday.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • thePuck profile imageAUTHOR

      Neal Alan Jansons 

      6 years ago from Bay Area, CA


      How formal! Nice to meet you, good sir. ;) And yes, VALIS is an amazing book. I recently got a copy of the Exegesis. It's long, and sometimes repetitive, but still a very interesting read.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Hello Peter, meet thePuck, thePuck meet my long term friend, artisan, associate, magical partner, and kindred soul Peter. He was the man who turned me on to PKD and the book VALIS. I am glad he took the time to make a not here. Thanx brother. Thanx you too thePuck. Keep on Hubbing. Blake4d

    • profile image

      Peter Panyk 

      6 years ago

      Valis changed my life in my teens close to 25 years ago... I forgot just how much it still has before reading your piece. These things cause ripples ( a good friend, Blake, even borrowed an old cheeky phrase to use in his own way to express the thoughts that came to him upon reading this breakdown of a book I begged him to read closer to our meeting... now coming up to the surface again), and Valis certainly has caused countless ones. It breathes and enters the space around you.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      the devil created this world(including higher dimensions) in order to trap spirits originating from the divine realm or pleroma.the real kingdom of god.that's basicly the gnostic worldview and dick's conclucion.i absolutely agree with that.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      PK Dick definitely was inspired by the Gnostic Feminine Holy Spirit. She inspired him to write about Sophia because She has Incarnated on the earth in real life. She is alive on the planet now, and has been a fountain of wisdom for several decades. If you want to, you can pray to Her and she will reveal her identity to you in your life. Try it sincerely and with an open mind and heart, and you will find Her. I did.

    • thePuck profile imageAUTHOR

      Neal Alan Jansons 

      8 years ago from Bay Area, CA

      Thanks for your feedback, Blake!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Wow, I am so glad and impressed to see that someone has already done a review of this novel, it was in my list of the next five potential books to review here on the hub. It appears that i am not the only ape grunting at the monolith around here, what cannot be said in praise of this classic. The book is worth the read just to take in the depth of of brilliance and psychic chaos that is the great 'Exegesis' which Dick provides as a complete addendum to the book reference material.

      Thank you Puck for going where few have gone before.

      God is Now Here

      God is Nowhere...


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)