ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Why some writers present an objective view, whereas others resort to persuasive techniques.

Updated on June 25, 2013

The Books


Writers often use different means to achieve their goals. Some try to present an objective, multi-perspective view of the events in their writing, other authors use various persuasive techniques to grab the attention of the reader. Authors, aiming to be objective, frequently describe events or feelings from different perspectives or even other different versions of events, to invoke thoughts in the reader's mind. Those writers, who make us of persuasive techniques, mesmerize the reader with mastery of language and an abundance of literary and stylistic devices. This essay will present these differences and evaluate their success through the novel "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" by Aleksander Solzhenitysn and the theatrical drama "Accidental Death of an Anarchist" by Dario Fo. Both writings have elements of objective vies and various techniques, which add to the mastery of language of the two authors. The question is how successful are they in achieving their goals and presenting their ideas with the help of these techniques.

Accidental Death of an Anarchist and Objective view

To be able to present an objective view of anything, a writer must neutrally show the event. But this is often insufficient. An author may present the event through the minds of multiple characters allowing the reader to see the occurrence from different perspectives. Furthermore, a writer may choose to present different versions of happenings to show all likely outcomes. This precisely, manages Dario Fo in the drama "Accidental Death of an Anarchist", written in 1970. The drama heavily criticizes the Italian government at the time due to the suspicious death of a railway worker, who allegedly was responsible for an anarchist bombing. The suspect was pushed, or fell, out of a police office window under unclear circumstances. Fo presents a distorted version of this occurrence, from many perspectives, but also offers the reader a choice between two completely different endings. The protagonist of the piece, known as the Maniac, frequently refers to history and proven facts to achieve his goals of chaos and incitement of revolution. "Fifty years ago, Miss Feletti, the workers of Europe wanted revolution. What did they get avalanche of promises!" states the Maniac, referring to the exploitation of the workers. By referring to history, the main character sustains his message of government criticism. He attempts to evoke feelings of discontent and wish for change among the audience. The metaphor "an avalanche" emphasises the huge amount of promises that governments make, instead of taking direct action. In addition, it presents that these "promises" are not simply ineffective, but also destructive and terrible, as they force society to believe in lies making a mindless, docile, inactive population, with no wish for change. However, Fo's most effective technique is the depiction of two versions of the end of the drama. "Let's see another version" bursts out the Maniac after the initial end of the play, revitalizing the audience and involving the reader or viewer into the drama, by offering this choice. This technique not only presents an objective view, it greatly provokes thought and discussion among the audience to incite society that the power of the people is stronger than that of a corrupt and ineffective government.

One Day in the life of Ivan Denisovich and persuasive techniques

In comparison, Aleksander Solzhenitsyn, in his Nobel prize winning novel "One Day in the life of Ivan Denisovich", makes use of different techniques, but to achieve the same goals - to raise awareness and criticize a corrupt and unforgiving brutal dictatorship. Through the effective use of eloquent language, literary devices and rich imagery, the author effectively depicts the terrific suffering and harsh inhuman conditions in forced labour camps during the Stalinist regime in the Soviet Union. By bombarding the reader with rich, but unpleasant images, the writer successfully evokes feelings of sadness, disgust and bewilderment. Unlike Dario Fo, Solzhenitsyn attempts to persuade the reader to understand the harsh reality of the inmates of these camps. The simile "like a flock of sheep" depicts the large amount of prisoners as a mindless rabble of animals, without any purpose in life. This image, combined with the "packed barracks" and the ever present repetition of "cold" shows the ruthless reality of this meaningless existence. Despite this overwhelming hopelessness and cruel conditions, Solzhenitsyn, unlike Fo, creates a positive aspect in his novel. The protagonist, Ivan Denishovich Shukhov, is depicted as an inmate who is capable of withholding his morality and not being degraded and dehumanized. "He'd never either given or taken a bribe" is one description of Denisovich's character. He is able to survive, without joining the omniscient corruptness of the entire system. Furthermore this positive abnormality, within the novel strengthens the criticism of the Soviet regime throughout the novel, by constantly comparing Shukhov, the innocent and morally sane inmate, with the hardships all prisoners attempt to outlive. Similarly to the techniques used by Fo, those used by Solzhenitsyn objectively inform the reader to understand and even feel the ruthlessness and degrading conditions of these forced labour camps.


To summarise, both authors successfully achieve their common aim. By presenting an objective vies and various possible outcomes to a certain chain of events, Dario Fo revitalises the theatrical stage by involving the viewer in a choice, allowing the audience to be part of the storyline of the drama. This successfully create discussion, which in turn creates a politically active and aware society - the primary goal of "Accidental Death of an Anarchist". In comparison "One Day in the life of Ivan Denisovich" simply and clearly depicts the truth, the reality in a rigorously censored and absolute regime. Exactly this simple, but objective and emotional presentation of a sad and horrific reality persuades the reader to be aware and critical of the political system and government. The author effectively and successfully achieves his aim - to educate the world of the secret horrors of the Soviet era.

Why this essay?

I hope this essay gave you an insight into the ways of these two authors and enlightened you in their mostly common aim - Be politically aware and active!

You and the books

Have you read one of these books

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)