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Roger Williams Bio: Still relevant today

Updated on June 19, 2014

Roger Williams created the first government unit (in the world) to totally separate church and state - 1636

"The Creation of the American Soul" really sets the stage of this John M. Barry biography of Roger Williams and his positions on "Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty."

Roger Williams (1603-1683) is best known to most persons as the founder of the State of Rhode Island - but his contributions to our way of the life in the USA, and the world, are much greater than that. This biography makes a fine contribution to understanding of that greater contribution. The author shares the history of conflicts in England and New England through the 1600s to demonstrate both the contributions Williams was able to make and the extreme obstacles he had to overcome, over and over, to make those contributions, notably Liberty of Conscience.

The image is of the copy of the book I just finished reading, with a plastic cover. I took the photo.

Roger William Statue at Roger Williams University
Roger William Statue at Roger Williams University

Roger Williams founded the Providence Plantation

Oliver Cromwell confirmed his charter as an experiment in Liberty of Conscience

Williams founded his Plantation is spite of strong objections of Plymouth Plantation, the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other neighbors. His views stood in direct opposition to those of John Winthrop and his "City on the Hill" concept for Massachusetts Bay and of John Cotton and other leading religious leaders in New England.

Trained in Theology at Cambridge like most of his clergy contemporaries, and an extremely religious man, Williams' interpretations of the same scripture led him to very different conclusions at a time when "differences" were not tolerated. He used superior intellectual and communications skills to achieve the changes he believed were imperative in the name of Liberty.

The rest of the image in this lens are courtesy of Wikimedia Commons: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Williams_%28the...

Narragansett Indians with Roger Williams

Narragansett Indians with Roger Williams
Narragansett Indians with Roger Williams
First Baptist Church in America (1638)
First Baptist Church in America (1638)

First Baptist Church in America (1638)

Founded by Roger Williams on differences in baptism in the scriptures

Williams founded his plantations on two controversial positions for the day: 1) Liberty of Conscience - each man should have the liberty to believe and act according to his own conscience (not be told by others, the State Church in particular, what and how to think), and 2) the absolute separation of church and state (Church and State had been inseparable in all governments in all nations of the 'civilized' world to that point in time, as well beyond, in most).

In Providence (and a little later, all of Rhode Island) persons of any faith, or no faith at all, were free to conduct themselves based on their personal thoughts (consciences) without being subject to civil prosecution from the governing state. In contrast, in Massachusetts Bay colony, the state magistrates punished persons, in civil court, for violations of religious dogma - lack of attendance at services, reading the 'wrong' Book of Prayer, failure to pay dues and fees prescribed for religious purposes, including payments to clergy, etc.

For the later years of his life, Williams was not affiliated with any particular church, but preached and served regularly based on his strong religious interests, as he interpreted the scripture.

Baptist Church on Amazon

The most famous writing of Roger Williams
The most famous writing of Roger Williams

The most famous book by Roger Williams

"The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution, for Cause of Conscience, Discussed in a Conference between Truth and Peace" in the name of his 1644 book that presented his views to the English as he returned to his Providence Plantation in New England.

Click on the image to be taken to the source, with more detailed information on the book, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Amazon Spotlight Personal Review - Roger Williams - Biography by John M. Barry

Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty
Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty

I highly recommend this book if you have a curiosity and interest in issues of the separation of church and state. You will be amazed at how this issue was viewed at the beginning of the 1600s and how the views of Roger Williams, as an individual, were very different from the prevailing view.

Using an open mind, and training from Edward Coke and Francis Bacon in the courts of England, Williams carved out his own view of the world and convinced many influential others to adopt his views. This is an outstanding read for persons of an open mind.

 
Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons
Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons

Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons

Roger Williams served many governmental and religious positions through his 80 years of life. I encourage you to at least peruse the Wikipedia article on his (click on the image of the statue to be taken there) background and his story. It is very complicated, as explained in the book.

The article is much easier to read, but does not provide all the detail of the full biography, of course. Enjoy! He was a fascinating man.

Your Comments are very much appreciated! ;-)

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    • profile image

      Betzaida 

      3 years ago

      Very interesting to know, eecspially since I assumed that Hubpages was going down the proverbial plughole after Panda.I haven't really written there, although I have been a member for a couple of years. Maybe it's time to diversify, and if I don't earn a lot there, I ought to at least be able to write something that will help give me extra traffic on my Squidoo lenses.

    • profile image

      Nguyen 

      3 years ago

      Looks great so far! Sharp looking page, easy to nigavate. I was wondering if you were planning on putting pens up as well. I know you have done a bunch of them. Also, curious if you were gonna put up prices on things for sale, or save that for etsy. It wouldn't surprise me at all if people were interested. Nice job!Brian

    • DeborahDian profile image

      Deborah Carr 

      4 years ago from Orange County, California

      I'll have to get this book. Sounds interesting!

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @CoolFool83: Thank you! It is very important to us all! ;-)

    • CoolFool83 profile image

      CoolFool83 

      5 years ago

      Such a thoughtful lense. Love it!

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @eduscapes: For sure. I appreciate your support! ;-)

    • profile image

      eduscapes 

      5 years ago

      Our diversity is what makes us strong. Thanks for the reminder.

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @lesliesinclair: Absolutely. Without question. And, sadly today, many of our 'friends and neighbors' DO NOT UNDERSTAND, and are a treat to our great nation as a result. Thanks for the visit and the comment!! ;-)

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @Anna2of5: He made tremendous contributions to our USA (as well as English) society we still enjoy living with today. And, he lived and worked in very difficult times! ;-)

    • lesliesinclair profile image

      lesliesinclair 

      5 years ago

      Today we Americans have need of this information, as a reminder that we are neither a Christian country, nor an atheist country, or even a Baptist country, but a country that was founded on the notion that state government should not identify with any specific religion.

    • profile image

      anonymous 

      5 years ago

      Amazing man. Nice lens. I learned much.

    • profile image

      Anna2of5 

      5 years ago

      Wow he sounds like an interesting person. I had not heard much about him. I don't recall much of history that IO might have been taught in my youth, there are good reasons for this, but the lack of it is unfortunate just the same. I'm still learning so there is hope.

      Good luck today and welcome to Squidoo.

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @SayGuddaycom: Thank you. He was quite a guy, for sure! ;-)

    • SayGuddaycom profile image

      SayGuddaycom 

      5 years ago

      had no idea. Great lens. i love learning about interesting, historical figures. Nice job.

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile imageAUTHOR

      William Leverne Smith 

      5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      @eightieschild: Roger Williams has a statue in Geneva, as well, as one of the ten most influential figures in the reformation. He is English, of course. Best wishes! ;-)

    • eightieschild profile image

      eightieschild 

      5 years ago

      I'd never heard of Roger Williams before today (I'm from the UK, so you'll have to forgive my ignorance of American history) but your lens is well written and has got me interested.

      Hope you do well in the book club quest by the way - though not too well, as I don't want you beating my entry, "A Forgotten Genius"! :)

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