ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

American vs. European Electrical Outlets

Updated on June 16, 2015

When there is a comparison between American and European, one of the specific differences is between the United States and the main Continental European countries, like France and Germany. One of the many differences between that European countries (Spain, France, Germany) and the United States is the electrical power plug.

The electrical outlet used in USA has many similarities with the ones used in Europe, the non grounded version both have two pins to put into two holes. However you need an adapter to put the pins of one plug into the holes of the another socket type.

As you will see in this hub the difference between an electrical outlet is not only about the type of socket, even in the same country there are differences between old electrical outlet systems and the new way of electrical system used in the new homes.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Thomas EdisonNikolas TeslaHarvey HubbellGeorge Westinghouse
Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
Nikolas Tesla
Nikolas Tesla
Harvey Hubbell
Harvey Hubbell
George Westinghouse
George Westinghouse

Early History of Electrical Outlets

The mostly known names that turned electricity possibly nowadays are Thomas Edison and Nikolas Tesla .

Tesla worked for George Westinghouse and Westinghouse Company and when they started to standardize the offer of electricity to the United States houses they offered an operation frequency of 60Hz and a voltage of 110volts.

Meanwhile in Germany the monopolist company standardized the offer of electricity with a frequency of 50Hz and a voltage of 220volts.

However the use of electricity in these years were mostly to light the streets and houses. There was still no electrical outlets, only wires, the "Separable Attachment Plug" were not invented yet.

It was only with the Hubbell invention, the socket plug, that the energy could start to be used to appliances, but his invention consisted on a two blade system without ground connection. It was P.F. Labre that patented the invention of a third hole in the socket to reduce electric shocks. The electrical outlets were created and prepared to be installed in every house, but the shapes started to differ by country or region.

Map of countries that use the Europlug, even with some differences from the original.
Map of countries that use the Europlug, even with some differences from the original.
The Europlug - Schuko
The Europlug - Schuko

The "European Electric Outlet"

There is no European general electric outlet, even if you look only to the European Union, there is no standardization between countries and there isn't any project to standardize it. There is a generalization in continental Europe, which can be known as the "Europlug" and instead of a blade shape (like in the USA), it has two pins in a rounded shape.

The difference between some countries in mainland Europe is the earth connection, which can be very different and there are several types of earth connections.

Countries that use the "Europlug":

Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, the Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, and Uruguay.

The American electrical outlet
The American electrical outlet

The "American" Electrical Outlet

The plug in the United States is composed by two flat and parallel blades, as you can see in the picture. Nowadays there is also the grounded option, which has an additional round pin.

It is used in all States of the USA since it was standardized in the whole country when the plugs appeared.

In 1950 the US considered switching to a 220volt system, but most consumers had already appliances prepared for the 110volt system, so it was decided to not doing such switch, since it would have a negative impact on the consumers and the economy.

Adapting

When adapting an electrical device you should be careful, or else you are going to have problems that may result in spoiling your device. This happens because some adapters have a simple connection between the way you put the plug, not considering the voltage, so if your equipment is not prepared for a different voltage, it can be damaged.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Example of an electrical outlet adaptorExample of an electrical outlet adaptorExample of an electrical outlet adaptorExample of an electrical outlet adaptorExample of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor
Example of an electrical outlet adaptor

Sockets

There are more than 12 types of Sockets and they are corresponded by letters, from A to M. Most of them have a voltage of 240/250.

The differences between them are the holes where you can put the pins, but even in the same type of socket there may be differences.

A type of socket can be different from a same type of socket in the voltage (low differences), grounded/non-grounded, polarized non-polarized and Insulated Pins or Non Insulated Pins.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Non-grounded electrical outletGrounded electrical outletsGrounded vs Non-GroundedExample of the Europlug grounded
Non-grounded electrical outlet
Non-grounded electrical outlet
Grounded electrical outlets
Grounded electrical outlets
Grounded vs Non-Grounded
Grounded vs Non-Grounded
Example of the Europlug grounded
Example of the Europlug grounded

Grounded vs Ungrounded

The grounded socket types are the ones with three slots instead of two. It is a security conductor directly to the ground and it may prevent dangerous voltage or a short circuit.

The ground connection can conduct the current and there is a less chance of a person to be hurt (even slightly) by an electric shock.


Polarized vs Non Polarized

The polarization of a plug can be important to reduce the hazard of an electrical shock.

A polarized plug can only be inserted in one manner, you cannot invert it like a non polarized plug.

Insulated Pins vs Non Insulated Pins

The insulated pins also prevents hazards from an electrical shock. It is an extra protection in the pins that prevents a metal object to touch the pin if the plug is not correctly inserted.

Some help on how to use American Electronics in Europe

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      That was really rather interesting! I had no idea there was a European outlet vs an American outlet. Sheez, how come I didn't know this?

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)