ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Basic Lawn Care and Yard Maintenance

Updated on September 8, 2013

Our Dream Yardscape

When my husband envisioned the house he might someday own, he pictured a lush, velvety-green lawn. You know the kind. The kind that makes you want to take your shoes off and stroll leisurely through it, lie down in it, do cart-wheels over it, have a picnic under its shade tree. Neighbors rushing through their busy day would slow down just to let their eyes rest a little longer on its unadorned splendor. I wanted more. Flower gardens that let your soul rest. Brightly colored song birds to sing me their morning songs. I didn’t want a backyard, I wanted a quiet retreat filled with flourishing, vibrant plant life—shrubs, grasses, flowers, groundcover. I envisioned sitting outside in the mornings sipping my coffee and drinking in the beautiful serenity that would surround me, the mere thought which makes me sigh with peaceful satisfaction.

We didn’t have much money—a beer sales rep’s income and racked with college debt for degrees that neither of us were using—so our home had to be everything: house and vacation home, good for family life and entertaining. We couldn’t afford a large, newer home and our yard was going to make up for the shortcomings of our humble abode.

bare patches in our lawn
bare patches in our lawn

The lawn that came with our house had potential—a generous half acre of land (the upside to buying a forty year old house,) established shade trees that dotted the yard, surrounding the house in a mini-forest, and two flower beds that stretched the entire length of the house—but it was a far cry from the beautiful picture we had in mind. The shade trees and hedges, neglected for years, had become overgrown, and the trees' densely packed branches snuffed out the grass below leaving moss to grow in its place. Dandelions, white clover, crab grass, and a host of other weeds that I neither have the ability nor desire to name ran rampant throughout the grass, which was tinged mossy-brown, looked tired and fragile. In the flowerbeds, derisory hostas and daffodils offered feeble blooms, and were quickly ravaged by slugs, which spent their nights feasting on the delicate leaves. The backyard had no flower beds, just weeds and moss and sad, droopy grass.

Then we moved in, and out went our dogs: two sixty-pound mutts who spent their days running the fence line, chasing squirrels, and the occasional digging. By the end of our first winter, the backyard’s perimeter was completely void of grass, except of course for crab grass, which apparently was unharmed by the clop-clopping of our dogs. It seemed that every time we let the dogs outside, more and more grass turned to mud. We had to do something.

Over a year's time span we worked—adding flowerbeds, over-seeding, fertilizing, weed controlling, pruning, and planting—and now we are well on our way to having that beautiful, lush, vibrant landscape we have been dreaming about.  It takes time, but anything worthwhile does, and the satisfaction we get from knowing that we created the beauty around us makes our patience and dedication completely worth it.  Here's how you can do it too!

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Tulip White Tulips amongst Hostas in our patio flower bedour much improved lawn! No more weeds or bare spots Our Azalea just beginning to flower! One of 2 flower beds we put at the end of our driveway, filled with hostas, Irises and a weigela shrub.Creeping phyox from backyard.   These evergreen plants are super hardy, cover a wide area for cheap and beautiful. The come in several colors including blue, purple and pink
White Tulips amongst Hostas in our patio flower bed
White Tulips amongst Hostas in our patio flower bed
our much improved lawn! No more weeds or bare spots
our much improved lawn! No more weeds or bare spots
Our Azalea just beginning to flower!
Our Azalea just beginning to flower!
One of 2 flower beds we put at the end of our driveway, filled with hostas, Irises and a weigela shrub.
One of 2 flower beds we put at the end of our driveway, filled with hostas, Irises and a weigela shrub.
Creeping phyox from backyard.   These evergreen plants are super hardy, cover a wide area for cheap and beautiful. The come in several colors including blue, purple and pink
Creeping phyox from backyard. These evergreen plants are super hardy, cover a wide area for cheap and beautiful. The come in several colors including blue, purple and pink

How to create your Perfect Landscape on a budet

  • Do the research! I bought Indiana Gardener's Guide, The Complete Idiots Guide to Flower Gardening, and Landscaping for Dummies. I bought them online for a fraction of what they would have cost me new. I used them for inspiration, to learn about the plants a had or wanted, and to just plain learn about gardening (I had no experience when I started.)
  • Make a plan! I made diagrams of our yard, making notes on what needed improved, what we used different areas for, where I might add flower beds, and what I would want in them based on sun exposure, spacing, water, etc.
  • Work on one area at a time! It can be tempting to try to do everything at once, but avoid the temptation! Instead, buy and plant everything you need for one bed.


  • Get all the beds dug and ready for planting and make it a work in progress (if you have the stomach for it). We were trying to make do with what we had and what we could get cheap. We found shrubs on sale that would be perfect for the right patio bed. We took the existing Hostas from the front flower bed (I wanted a perennial flower bed) and moved them to other beds to fill in space. Eventually all of your beds will get filled and look beautiful, but be warned: this could take a while.

  • Be Flexible and patient! We had ideas of what we wanted, but we also were realistic and realized that we would have to get plants we could afford, even if they weren't our first choice. To save money we bought in the smallest shrubs we could, and filled in the empty space with extra perennials we already had or cheap annuals (buy seed packets and grow your own. It is even cheaper. We will move things around as the shrubs grow)
  • Use what you can find for free! We were given a box of peonies from a neighbor and more Hostas and Lilly-of-the-Vally from my Grandmother. I successfully propagated an existing shrub for use in another flower bed and plan on taking cuttings from a friends Hydrangea bush for my next project. Yes it takes time for shrubs to grow to full size, but when money is tight, time is a free commodity.

Yearly Maintenance Schedule

Here is a very basic Maintenance plan for general yard care. You may need to do more or less depending on your specific yard and plants.


  • Rake Lawn to control thatch, the build-up of dead grass and leaves and such that hinders new grass growth
  • Check for compaction in high-traffic areas (Look for the presence of moss or thinning grass). If you notice signs of compaction you will want to put aeration on your list of fall chores. You can rent an aerator from you local rental shop (around $40-$50)
  • Spray pre-emergent herbicide to combat annual weeds and crabgrass.
  • If you must overseed in the spring, do so a few weeks after spraying herbicide.
  • Fertilize once with either organically with compost or with a high-nitrogen commercial fertilizer.
  • Pull any weeds you see several times per week. Dot let those little buggers get established.
  • Tune up your mower and mow when the grass is about 3.5-4" tall. you want the grass to be about 2.5" tall once you've cut it.
  • Plant new plants or start seeds indoors
  • Prune bushes and shrubs after they've flowered (depending on plant. some should be pruned in fall only. check your local plant guide)

Summer Maintenance

  • Make sure your grass and plants get 1" of water per week
  • Mow less often, and/or keep grass a little taller
  • Think about fall transplanting, or planting
  • Enjoy your beautiful yard!

Fall Maintenance

  • Weed and feed
  • Transplant or plant shrubs, bushes and perennials for next spring
  • Overseed heavily
  • Mulch flower beds
  • prune trees, and shrubs (check plant growing guide first)
  • prep plants for winter


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Earl Brandone 

      24 months ago

      Learned a lot. Great hub!

    • profile image

      lawn care 

      7 years ago

      These are great lawn care tips indeed! Here are some things you can do to even further protect your lawn

    • modern housewife profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Indiana

      Thanks for the great comments! Daisyjae--Once you get those under control, buy a weed spray to spray on any stragglers that make their way back into your yard. It will only take a few minutes each week and will make a world of difference!

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      8 years ago from Sunny Florida

      What a lot of great lawn tips. Good hub.

    • daisyjae profile image


      8 years ago from Canada

      I have the most terrible lawn, covered in dandelions. I will have to use some of your tips.

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 

      8 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Wow, this is truly helpful. Congratulations to your nominations for the Hubpages Hubnuggets! Lawn your way to the site: Be sure to vote and promote your hub!

    • PaulaK profile image

      Paula Kirchner 

      8 years ago from Austin. Texas

      What an informative hub! I need the encouragement this time of year and our yard needs help! Thanks for the tips!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)