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Big Savings from Small Gardens.

Updated on July 8, 2014

Planning your garden is an important as planting it. Especially if you're trying to save money on your grocery bill. By focusing on herbs and greens, you can grow an easy garden that saves you money and provides nutritious food to increase your quality of life.

Picking garden plants is a challenge, especially if you're really trying to cut back on your grocery bill and maximize household savings.

Common Pitfalls - Tomatoes and Squash

Traditional fruiting plants like tomatoes and squashes are very resource-intensive. If you're dealing with a large outdoor plot of arable land, your plants will grow just fine and you'll be consistently granted great yields. You'll save money, because most of the resources (soil, water, fertilizer) are already in place, and because you purchase additional resources in bulk.

For urban gardeners with scarce gardenresources, fruiting plants are more burden than bargain. They require significant amounts of space, good soil (not the stubborn clay outside your townhome) and lots of sunlight.You could tend your beloved tomato plant for an entire season, faithfully watering, pruning and trimming. In the end, you'll have tomatoes.

If you do a good job, you'll have lots of tomatoes, more than you could ever eat. If you do an okay job, you'll have enough tomatoes to show off at brunch. If you do a poor job, you'll have a tomato plant - enough to claim garden creds, but not good for much else.

How to Maximize Savings

The key to maximizing garden cost-savings is to decrease both garden costs and your grocery bill.

  • To decrease garden costs, you need plants that grow easily and quickly, preferably from seed, since seed is much cheaper than transplants.
  • To decrease your grocery bill, you need plants that substitute for foods you usually purchase. It's not as simple as substituting store lettuce for backyard lettuce; sometimes the substitutions are non-intuitive. You can swap rice or noodles for cruciferous greens (cabbage leaves, brussel sprout leaves, broccoli leaves) if you're just using them as a base for Chinese food leftovers or other savory toppings. You can also trade homemade kale chips or cabbage chips for potato chips.

For most urban gardeners tending plants on their balconies, patios or small urban plots, herbs and greens deliver the best bang for your buck, as well as the highest and most consistent grocery store savings.

Herbs and greens grow easily and provide yields throughout the growing season. They take up very little space, so you can plant lots of them.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Twice-weekly harvest from a patio salad garden.  It doesn't look like much in photos, but wait until you have to eat it ;-)Basil, Sage, Rosemary and Peppers are a great combination for a small herb garden.Mint, Thyme, Parsley and Onions overwinter well and provide consistent yields for years.
Twice-weekly harvest from a patio salad garden.  It doesn't look like much in photos, but wait until you have to eat it ;-)
Twice-weekly harvest from a patio salad garden. It doesn't look like much in photos, but wait until you have to eat it ;-) | Source
Basil, Sage, Rosemary and Peppers are a great combination for a small herb garden.
Basil, Sage, Rosemary and Peppers are a great combination for a small herb garden. | Source
Mint, Thyme, Parsley and Onions overwinter well and provide consistent yields for years.
Mint, Thyme, Parsley and Onions overwinter well and provide consistent yields for years. | Source


Herbs are weeds, so they grow under almost any conditions.

The more you pick them, the more they grow, so you're almost guaranteed a consistent supply of flavorings for your home-cooked meals.

They're also beautiful and aromatic.

Brushing against your lavender bush releases a burst of fragrance that can soothe your nerves and create a feeling of relaxation.

It's also great for flavoring vodka.


I talked a lot about greens in Growing MicroGreens - an Inexpensive Way to Add Garden Variety.

The best thing about microgreens is that you can buy hundreds of seeds for the cost of one head of organic lettuce. You can eat the seeds as sprouts, let them grow into microgreens, or let them grow into full-fledged plants. They're tasty, delicious and nutritious no matter when you decide to harvest them.

Easy Substitutions that Help You Save Money

Growing herbs and greens isn't enough to cut your grocery bill. Substituting homegrown foods for store-bought ones is the most important part of the plan.

Here are a few simple swaps that can make a big difference in your grocery bill bottom line.

  • Stop buying tea-bags. Purchase a tea ball or cone, buy a big box of loose tea and a smaller tin for ease of use. Make your own tea blend by mixing the bulk tea with mint, sage, rosemary, lavender, verbena and other herbs from your garden. If you're a tea drinker, your tea ball will pay for itself in no time.
  • Stop buying cheap carbs like rice and noodles. Rice and noodles are great, cheap fillers, but they can make you fat. It's a disputable fact, but I believe it wholeheartedly. Greens from your backyard are a more nutritious, less-fattening base for hearty toppings like stews, and meat in sauces. For a light touch, try raw salad greens (lettuces, spinach and young chard). For a more filling meal, try cooked cruciferous greens (cabbages, broccoli leaves and mature chard). Your waistline and your pocketbook will thank you.
  • Stop buying lettuce and greens. If you usually buy high-end produce, you'll reap these savings immediately. If you're used to the grocery store standard, this can be a difficult savings to see. Standard store-bought lettuce seems cheap, and not worth giving up. But what you're subbing in is much higher quality produce. Your backyard greens are probably organic and definitely local. They're also probably more expensive varieties offered only in gourmet shops, not your local grocery. Even if you don't see funds flooding into your bank account, rest assured that you're getting a bargain and you're better off overall.
  • Stop buying expensive bath and aromatherapy products. Fresh herbs and lots of them are the key ingredient in most high-end aromatherapy products. A sprig of lavender is as soothing as an expensive lavender oil balm. A dash of mint is as invigorating as a high-end mint body wash. Save money buy buying cheaper, less heavily-scented products. Rub a couple of herbs between your fingers for an aromatherapy fix. You don't need to brew your own bath products, or infuse your own essential oils. Just rely more on your garden than on artificial or expensive scents, and your savings will add up fast.

Slightly Harder Substitutions

As you get used to growing more and spending less, these substitutions will make a big difference in your household expenses.

  • Flavor your own spaghetti sauce. Jars of spaghetti sauce are really expensive, and contain the same base ingredients as cheap cans of sauce. Jarred sauces just contain a variety of additional ingredients: cheeses, meats, vegetables, herbs, etc. To make a great low-cost sauce, just throw a handful of sage or other herbs into a bowl of sauce and either microwave or simmer it. The heat infuses the sauce with flavor, and you can easily fish out the herbs before using the sauce.
  • Make your own herbal rubs/salts. Salts infused with herbs are a delicious addition to roasted meats, and make a great dry rub for all sorts of tasty dishes. But they're quite expensive for sea salt mixed with fresh herbs - no matter how pretty the jar. To save money, make your own herbalicious salt rubs.


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    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      4 years ago from India

      Good suggestions I live in an apartment and try to have a small garden in my balcony. As you said I will start with some herbs.

      thanks for sharing

    • editsvcs profile image


      6 years ago

      Great ideas! Interestingly, I was using herbs to do the "slightly harder substitutions" and had completely overlooked the easy ones. Thanks for the ideas!

    • toomuchmint profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Recycling water is a great idea,nifwlseirff. Imagine how much water we could save of everyone did the same. My greens bolt a lot in summer. I've got a not-so-green thumb, so I chopped the cabbages back to a few leaves and let them start for scratch. :-). Thanks for reading and commenting!

    • nifwlseirff profile image

      Kymberly Fergusson 

      6 years ago from Villingen Schwenningen, Germany

      Herbs are great, both in the kitchen and the garden! I just wish I had more space!

      I'm actually growing tomatoes in a huge pot in my balcony garden because I use so many each week, and have ended up with a huge crop. I collect the cold water as the shower/kitchen tap warms up, so I'm not spending extra on watering them.

      Next year, I suspect I'll add capsicum and cucumbers as they are always on my shopping list. I've had trouble with my greens - this year, they just keep bolting to seed.

      Greens as a carb replacement sounds like just what I need (both for my pocket and hips!)

    • toomuchmint profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Don't feel alone, aethelryth. Tomatoes are absolutely horrid for a small garden. They need constant watering and rich soil and sunlight and stands... Blech! Give me a no-fuss Red Russian Kale any day. :-)

      Thanks for reading and commenting!

    • aethelthryth profile image


      6 years ago from American Southwest

      At last! Someone honest about the problems I always have growing tomatoes (which I don't even like, but I feel like a failed gardener when I can't grow them).

      Very practical and useful!

    • toomuchmint profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Thanks Rebecca. Herbs for body treatments are the greatest cost savings I've found. Bath salts cost about $14 a pound. Epsom salts are less than $3. So a scoop of Epsom salts, a handful of fresh mint, a few spring of lavender and a dash of oil makes a wonderful bath at a fraction of the frou-frou cost. Thanks for reading and commenting. :-D

    • toomuchmint profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Absolutely mvillecat. Growing food is so easy. I think it might also be slightly addictive. I've found myself eying grocery store veggies and thinking, "I could grow that!". Of course, when I stumbled onto dandelion greens I was totally certain that yes, I could grow that and should probably start eating them, too. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • mvillecat profile image

      Catherine Dean 

      6 years ago from Milledgeville, Georgia

      Wonderful ideas and many which I have put to use in my garden and home. Everyone can benefit from growing a portion of their own food.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 

      6 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      Great ideas for saving money and better health. I like the way you bring in the body washes as part of saving money with home grown herbs.


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