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Eisenia Foetida aka Red wiggler Life Cycle on a Vermicomposting Bin

Updated on May 12, 2017

Are you aware that there are several interesting things happening inside a vermicomposting bin filled with Eisenia Foetida worms? Well, there are quite a few remarkable ones that you can actually take note of when it comes to the Eisenia Foetida. For one, there’s your compost worms, happily eating away their supply of organics (these can be a combination of their food and their bedding). But apart from your hungry crawlers, there are red wigglers that are almost always hungry for mating (especially when they’re under warm conditions). Take a closer look on how fascinating comes about a red wiggler life cycle.

Red wiggler worms only mate with their own kind

Cross-breeding between two different worm types is not deemed possible; and procreating with the same specie has always been the standard for all creatures. As every living creature produces their offspring, worms are also expected to mate to help them create their very own brood of worms. This is a highlight on Red wiggler life cycle - Red wigglers, who are actually born hermaphrodites, still need another worm to be able to reproduce. Now, the beauty of these worms being genderless (each having one male and female reproductive organ) also helps them breed in a synchronized manner. When two worms are already in the act of mating, expect that each one will also transfer sperm to another.

The Cocoon Stage

Each Eisenia Foetida worm will go through a process after mating. They will be expected to lay one or more cocoons, that are each bearing the fertilized worm eggs (usually contains 3 to 5 baby worms). This will then be the cocoon stage of the red wiggler life cycle. The baby worms are actually contained in a capsule-like substance that is typically made out of sticky material. These young worms can emerge out of their eggs in just a matter of weeks, provided that they’re under ideal conditions. But if temperatures drop, then you’ll also have to wait for these worms to hatch from their eggs in about three months time (more or less).

Red wiggler worms as young worms

As soon as the baby worms emerge from their cocoons, they will then go through the juvenile stage (also a very important part of a red wiggler life cycle). Young red wigglers will only be about 12 mm long when they hatch out of their eggs. Besides that, these young worms won’t be sexually active yet (as their reproductive organs aren’t developed by this time), but they will be hungry for food right away. Other than that, give them about 56 to 70 days before they can finally feel the peak of their sexual maturity.

Red wigglers as Adult Worms

Typically, a red wiggler life cycle ends as soon as the adult worm starts to mate. But other than that fact, also take note that adult worms grow for as long as 1 foot. They can also live for as long as 4 to 8 years on average, given the proper care and maintenance. In this stage, Using Red Wigglers as fish baits are more effective and preferred by others.


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      jim 5 years ago